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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. University students and HIV in Namibia: an HIV prevalence survey and a knowledge and attitude survey

    With an overall adult HIV prevalence of 15.3%, Namibia is facing one of the largest HIV epidemics in Africa. Young people aged 20 to 34 years constitute one of the groups at highest risk of HIV infection in Namibia. However, little is known about the impact of HIV on this group and its access to healthcare. The purpose of this study was to estimate HIV prevalence, to assess the knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS, and to assess access to healthcare among university students in Namibia.

  2. The impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs on adolescent sexual behavior

    In an effort to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease (STD) in adolescents, both abstinence and comprehensive sex and STD/HIV education programs have been proffered. Based on specified criteria, the author searched for and reviewed 56 studies that assessed the impact of such curricula (8 that evaluated 9 abstinence programs and 48 that evaluated comprehensive programs) on adolescents’ sexual behavior. Study results indicated that most abstinence programs did not delay initiation of sex and only 3 of 9 had any significant positive effects on any sexual behavior. …

  3. Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review

    Objectives: To assess whether educational status is associated with HIV-1 infection in developing countries by conducting a systematic review of published literature. Methods: Articles were identified through electronic databases and hand searching key journals. …

  4. Trends in HIV incidence and prevalence: natural course of the epidemic or results of behavioural change?

    Ce document analyse la validité et l'interprétation des tendances observées sur l'incidence et la prévalence du VIH ; il développe une meilleure compréhension des modèles épidémiologiques et génère des orientations pour évaluer les changements observés.

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