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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Risk information, risk salience, and adolescent sexual behavior: experimental evidence from Cameroon

    Results from a randomized experiment conducted with teenage schoolgirls in Cameroon suggest that HIV prevention interventions can be effective at reducing the incidence of teen pregnancy in the following 9-12 months by over 25 percent.

  2. Shaping norms when they form: Investing in primary prevention of gender-based violence through working with children in schools

    This paper focuses on the Gender Equity Movement in Schools (GEMS) initiative, a school-based program that aims to promotes gender equality by encouraging equal relationships between girls and boys, examining the social norms that define men's and women's roles, value attached these roles and questioning the use of violence. It uses gender transformative approach to engage students in self-reflection and critical thinking through Group Education Activities in classrooms and campaigns.

  3. Effectiveness of a comprehensive sexual and gender-based violence prevention project for in-school girls in Swaziland

    Swaziland is one of the sub-Saharan African countries affected by Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and HIV and AIDS, with women facing greater risk compared to men. In response to increasing reports of violence against women and children in the country, the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) launched a Girls’ Empowerment Clubs (GEC) program in primary and secondary schools in order prevent SGBV cases. …

  4. Guidelines: Substance abuse prevention programmes and interventions in state schools​

    Choosing the best approach to drug education is a key task for all stakeholders in the field of prevention. This proposal aims to reduce repetition and minimize class disruptions whilst ensuring that effective drug prevention programmes are in place. The proposal also aims to give clear guidelines on how the different stakeholders can complement each other’s interventions within a school setting. Prevention programmes provide practical tools to educate children and young persons about substance abuse. …

  5. School-based reproductive health and safety education for students aged 12-15 years in UNESCO's (2009) International Technical Guidance

    Globally, adolescents aged 12–15 years are making sexual and reproductive decisions of profound significance for their future, often based on misguided, inadequate or dangerously wrong information. Very few countries provide evidential and comprehensive education about puberty, sexuality, and reproductive health and safety to children and young adolescents at school, when it is most effective and beneficial. UNESCO has produced a culturally applicable framework for such education, with the primary aim of reducing sexual risk behaviour and sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. …

  6. Promoting sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in southern and eastern Africa (PREPARE): project design and conceptual framework

    Background: Young people in sub-Saharan Africa are affected by the HIV pandemic to a greater extent than young people elsewhere and effective HIV-preventive intervention programmes are urgently needed. The present article presents the rationale behind an EU-funded research project (PREPARE) examining effects of community-based (school delivered) interventions conducted in four sites in sub-Saharan Africa. One intervention focuses on changing beliefs and cognitions related to sexual practices (Mankweng, Limpopo, South Africa). …

  7. Que faire pour agir contre le harcèlement dans mon collège ou mon lycée ? Guide à destination des personnels du second degré

    Le harcèlement est présent dans tous les établissements, sous des formes variées. Il est parfois difficile à déceler. Le 26 novembre 2013, une nouvelle campagne pour lutter contre le harcèlement à l’école a été lancée. Elle repose sur 4 axes: sensibiliser, former, prévenir, et prendre en charge. Cette campagne nationale a pour objectif d’accompagner les écoles et établissements scolaires dans la mise en oeuvre d’une politique de prévention du harcèlement conformément au rapport annexé de la loi n°2013-595 d’orientation et de refondation de l’école de la République du 8 juillet 2013. …

  8. Promising practice in school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) prevention and response programming globally. Desk review for Concern

    School related gender based violence (SRGBV) has become highlighted as an important arena for prevention and intervention in the education sector but there is little collected intelligence to date on best practice. Concern Worldwide along with other development agencies has developed programmes incorporating prevention and response interventions to address SRGBV. …

  9. The World Starts With Me: using intervention mapping for the systematic adaptation and transfer of schoolbased sexuality education from Uganda to Indonesia

    Evidence-based health promotion programmes, including HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education programmes, are often transferred to other cultures, priority groups and implementation settings. Challenges in this process include the identification of retaining core elements that relate to the programme’s effectiveness while making changes that enhances acceptance in the new context and for the new priority group. This paper describes the use of a systematic approach to programme adaptation using a case study as an example. …

  10. Because I am a girl. Progress and obstacles to girls' education in Africa. Africa report 2012

    This report presents the difficulties faced by girls, their families, communities and teachers across Africa, and how their experience of education is impacted and influenced by policies, cultural practices and traditional values.

  11. National teacher training HIV endline survey Malawi, 2009

    The first cohort of trainee teachers who participated in the Teacher Training College (TTC) programme finished in August 2009. Theatre for a Change (TfaC) contracted independent consultants to carry out an impact assessment on the TTC programme to identify its strengths and weaknesses. TfaC will use this impact assessment to inform the programme’s development. This report assesses the programme’s impact by comparing the results of the baseline survey, conducted at the beginning of the programme in October 2008, with the results of the endline survey, conducted in August 2009. …

  12. Because I am a Girl. So, what about boys? The State of the World's Girls 2011

    Because I am Girl is an annual report published by Plan which assesses the current state of the world's girls. While women and children are recognised as specific categories in policy and planning, girls' particular needs and rights are often ignored. These reports provide evidence, including the voices of girls themselves, as to why they need to be treated differently from boys and from older women. The reports also make recommendations for action, showing policymakers and planners what can make a real difference to girls' lives all over the world.

  13. High school gay-straight alliances (GSAs) and young adult well-being: an examination of GSA presence, participation, and perceived effectiveness

    Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are student-led, school-based clubs that aim to provide a safe environment in the school context for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) students, as well as their straight allies. The present study examines the potential for GSAs to support positive youth development and to reduce associations among LGBT-specific school victimization and negative young adult well-being. …

  14. L'homophobie, savoir et réagir : brochure à destination des équipes éducatives et de tous les professionnels travaillant auprès des jeunes

    Informations, conseils et réflexions autour de l'homophobie : une brochure, « L'homophobie : savoir et réagir », fait le point, pour que les équipes éducatives puissent mieux aider les élèves confrontés à des attitudes homophobes. Elle propose des ressources, des outils et des références juridiques.

  15. IDAHO (International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia) in Japan

    IDAHO (International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia) in Japan

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