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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a quasi-experimental study

    Background: Worldwide, about 50 % of all new cases of HIV occur in youth between age 15 and 24 years. Studies in various sub-Saharan African countries show that both out of school and in school adolescents and youth are engaged in risky sexual behaviors. School-based health education has been a cornerstone of youth-focused HIV prevention efforts since the early 1990s. In addition, peer-based interventions have become a common method to effect important health-related behavior changes and address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  2. Vivre ensemble : développer des compétences de vie familiale en matière de population de lutte contre le VIH et sida : livret de l’élève 6e et 5e

    Ce document est un support pédagogique qui fait partie d'une collection de six ouvrages déstinés au apprenants du primaire et du secondaire. Il traite des questions liées à l’Education à la Vie Familiale, en Matière de Population et au VIH et SIDA (EVF/EMP/VIH&SIDA). Il a été conçu pour accompagner l'élève dans le processus de construction des savoirs, savoir-faire et savoir-être.

  3. Renforcement des capacités des jeunes pour répondre à l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA : rapport d’activités

    Dans le cadre de l’initiative mondiale sur l’Education et le VIH/SIDA (EDUSIDA), le Bureau de l’UNESCO – Bujumbura a conçu le projet « Renforcement des capacités des jeunes pour répondre à l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA sur financement du gouvernement japonais et le plan d’opérationnalisation de ce projet a été signé par le Ministre de l’Education nationale et de la culture et le Représentant de l’UNESCO au Burundi le 13 Mars 2006. …

  4. Inviting Backchat: How schools and communities in Ghana, Swaziland and Kenya support children to contextualise knowledge and create agency through sexuality education

    Education about sex, relationships and HIV and AIDS in African contexts is riddled with socio-cultural complexity. In this paper the authors argue that in extreme contexts education can lead change further by developing young people as significant actors in their own lives and in the lives of the community by bringing about change in attitudes in the community, as well as practices in schools. …

  5. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  6. Nothing as practical as good theory? The theoretical basis of HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

    This paper assesses the extent to which HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa are grounded in theory and if theory-based interventions are more effective. Three databases were searched for evaluation studies of HIV prevention interventions for youth. Additional articles were identified on websites of international organisations and through searching references. 34 interventions were included; 25 mentioned the use of theory. …

  7. Systematic review of the effectiveness of mass communication programs to change HIV/AIDS-related behaviors in developing countries

    This systematic review analyzes 24 mass media campaigns' effect on HIV knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The studies were published between 1990 and 2004 about developing countries and compared outcomes by reviewing pre-and post-intervention data; intervention vs. control groups or post-intervention data across levels of exposure. …

  8. Vivre ensemble: développer des compétences de vie familiale en matière de population de lutte contre le VIH et sida: livret de l'élève SIL et CP

    Ce document est un support pédagogique quei fait partie d'une collection de six ouvrages déstinés au aprenants du primaire et du secondaire. Il a été produit dan sle cadre du volet Information, Education et Communication pour le Changement de Comportement de Santé de la reproduction.

  9. Vivre ensemble: développer des compétences de vie familiale en matière de population de lutte contre le VIH et sida; livret de l'élève CM1 et CM2

    Ce livret de l'élève est un support pédagogique faisant partie d'une collection de six ouvrages déstinés aux apprenants du primaire et du secondaire. Le manuel a été produit dan sle cadre du volet Information, Education et Comunication pour Changement de Comportement en Santé de la reproduction des adolescents. Il traite des questions liées à l'Education à la Vie Familiale, en Matière de Population et VIH et SIDA.

  10. They made us who we are today: a retrospective evaluation of the first five-year cohort of the iThemba Lethu HIV Prevention Programme (2002-2006)

    The vision of the iThemba Lethu (isiZulu for "I have a destiny") HIV prevention programme is "to restore the destiny to children whose future is at risk of being negatively impacted by HIV/AIDS". Their goal is to reduce youth risk taking behaviour. The motivation for change is understood as the realisation of self-value and destiny, which, it is posited, provides the backdrop against which HIV/AIDS education can best have a positive effect on behaviour. …

  11. Manual do Formador dos Institutos de Formacao de Professores - Conhecimentos, atitudes, e habilidades para a vida em SSRA, HIV e SIDA atraves de uma abordagem sociocultural

    "Um dos maiores desafios que Moçambique enfrenta neste momento, é de pandemia do HIV e SIDA. Ela não apenas causa dor e sofrimento individual, nas famílias e comunidades, mas causa perda de bem materiais, recursos humanos, pondo assim em perigo todo o progresso adquirido pelo pais desde a sua independência. Infelizmente não existe ainda uma vacina para a prevenção do HIV, assim como também não existe uma cura quando infectado pelo vírus. …

  12. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About HIV/AIDS and the New Generation and their Answers. Vol. 6

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  13. Our future: sexuality and life skills education for young people. Grades 8-9

    This toolkit shares the experiences of a project on sexuality and life skills led by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance started in 2003. The toolkit is based on a number of workshops and discussions with teachers and students. Throughout the development of the toolkit, students contributed questions, stories, problem letters and pictures. The result is a series of three books developed with teachers and learners in Grades 4 to 9 from 14 schools in the Chipata District of Zambia. …

  14. Youth HIV and AIDS training manual

    This document was produced by the National Youth Council in Kampala, Uganda; which is faced with the challenge of addressing HIV and AIDS issues among youth at all levels of the council structure. This training manual was developed in response to the call by the youth themselves to improve communication and awareness programs in their society. It has been written for trainers of youth and youth leaders who shall be engaged in life skills training and peer education project of the National Youth Council. …

  15. Risky Business: South African youths and HIV/AIDS prevention

    This article presents and discusses the results of a survey that investigated the relationship between sexual risk taking and attitudes to HIV/AIDS precautions due to the concern about the potential vulnerability of youth (age range of 17-21 years) to HIV/AIDS in South Africa. The findings of the study showed that training in isolation can jeopardize the way forward, especially when it proves ineffective to answer questions that are not dependent on a training solution. …

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