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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Theatre for a Change Ghana: Interim impact assessment of the Peace and Love Club project

    Theatre for a Change (TfaC) is a registered non-governmental organization in Ghana which works to reduce the risk of HIV infection among marginalized and vulnerable groups through the use of interactive, participatory learning techniques. The HIV prevalence rate in Ghana is 1.37% and 11.1% among female sex workers (FSWs). In September 2012, following a period of mobilisation, TfaC began working with a group of 10 FSWs living and working in Old Fadama, Accra’s largest illegal settlement, to form the Peace and Love Club. …

  2. Paying to prevent HIV infection in young women?

    Between a quarter and a third of young women in sub-Saharan Africa are infected with HIV by the time they reach their early 20s. Structural factors such as poor education, poverty, and gender and power inequalities are important determinants of young women’s vulnerability to HIV infection. In The Lancet, Sarah Baird and colleagues report the results of a randomised controlled trial done with adolescent girls in rural Malawi, examining the effects of a cash transfer programme on risk of HIV infection. …

  3. Impact of five years of peer-mediated interventions on sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya

    Background: Since 2000, peer-mediated interventions among female sex workers (FSW) in Mombasa Kenya have promoted behavioural change through improving knowledge, attitudes and awareness of HIV serostatus, and aimed to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infection (STI) by facilitating early STI treatment. Impact of these interventions was evaluated among those who attended peer education and at the FSW population level. Methods: A pre-intervention survey in 2000, recruited 503 FSW using snowball sampling. …

  4. Guidelines for implementation of the behaviour change communication (BCC) strategy

    The national BCC strategy was developed in collaboration with HIV and AIDS stakeholders and has since been disseminated at national and district levels. The strategy is one of the prevention oriented implementation components on HIV and AIDS for the country as outlined in the National Strategic Plan. Changing of high risk behaviours has been identified as one of the critical prevention tools for reducing new HIV infections. The Strategy provides a framework for behaviour change that is practical and addresses the realities of the Basotho nation. …

  5. Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)

    This report summarizes multi-country findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), a comprehensive household questionnaire on men's attitudes and practices - along with women's opinions and reports of men's practices - on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18 to 59 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. …

  6. Plano estratégico nacional de luta contra a SIDA (2006-2010)

    Desde a identificação do primeiro caso de SIDA no país, em 1986, Cabo Verde organizou-se para enfrentar a epidemia e, em 1989, realizou-se o 1¦ inquérito nacional de seroprevalência, com um resultado que indica uma prevalência nacional de 0,46% (15-55 anos). …

  7. What Happened in Uganda? Declining HIV prevalence, Behavior Change, and the National Response

    This document is not intended to provide a definite explanation for Uganda's AIDS prevention successes during the 1980s and 1990s. Rather, it is a synthesis of presentations made in February 2002 at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) by four individuals with long-term experience in HIV prevention in Africa. USAID commissioned a summary document synthesising the ideas presented by these researchers. …

  8. National HIV/AIDS Policy: a call for renewed action

    More than 20 years from the onset of the epidemic, HIV/AIDS remains a global challenge. According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), HIV/AIDS has particularly affected sub-Saharan Africa, with 28.5 million people estimated to be living with the virus in the region by 2001 (UNAIDS, 2001). This figure represents approximately 71% of all people living with HIV/AIDS in the world. About 81% of all HIV-infected women and 79% of all HIV/AIDS orphans live in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  9. HIV/AIDS national strategic framework for action (2005-2009)

    The National Strategic Framework Goal is to reduce HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence by at least 25%, and provide equitable prevention, care, treatment, and support while mitigating its impact amongst women, children and other vulnerable groups and the general population in Nigeria by 2009.The objectives are as follows:OBJECTIVE 1: To increase programme implementation rate by 50% from 2005 to 2009 through improved coordination mechanisms and effective mobilization and utilization of resources.OBJECTIVE 2: To have 95% of the general population make the appropriate behavioral changes (safe sex,  …

  10. Santé reproductive des adolescents (es). Bouclette 3 : respect de soi

    Cette brochure sur la santé reproductive des adolescents est le troisième d'une série de quatre produite dans le cadre du programme d'orientation, de conseil et de développement de la jeunesse pour l'Afrique. Elle traite de la galanterie, du respect dû à la femme, des injures et du langage ordurier.

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