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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a quasi-experimental study

    Background: Worldwide, about 50 % of all new cases of HIV occur in youth between age 15 and 24 years. Studies in various sub-Saharan African countries show that both out of school and in school adolescents and youth are engaged in risky sexual behaviors. School-based health education has been a cornerstone of youth-focused HIV prevention efforts since the early 1990s. In addition, peer-based interventions have become a common method to effect important health-related behavior changes and address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. …

  2. Renforcement des capacités des jeunes pour répondre à l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA : rapport d’activités

    Dans le cadre de l’initiative mondiale sur l’Education et le VIH/SIDA (EDUSIDA), le Bureau de l’UNESCO – Bujumbura a conçu le projet « Renforcement des capacités des jeunes pour répondre à l’épidémie du VIH/SIDA sur financement du gouvernement japonais et le plan d’opérationnalisation de ce projet a été signé par le Ministre de l’Education nationale et de la culture et le Représentant de l’UNESCO au Burundi le 13 Mars 2006. …

  3. Nothing as practical as good theory? The theoretical basis of HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

    This paper assesses the extent to which HIV prevention interventions for young people in sub-Saharan Africa are grounded in theory and if theory-based interventions are more effective. Three databases were searched for evaluation studies of HIV prevention interventions for youth. Additional articles were identified on websites of international organisations and through searching references. 34 interventions were included; 25 mentioned the use of theory. …

  4. National plan of action for scaling up SRH and HIV prevention initiatives for young people

    This plan provides a framework for improving the sexual reproductive health of young people, and protecting them from HIV. The plan consists of five sections: background, policy and programming, goals and guiding principles, institutional framework and monitoring and evaluation. A detailed list of likely activities and budgets is proposed. The overall goal of the National Plan of Action is improved sexual and reproductive health and prevention of new HIV infections among young people aged 10-24 in Malawi. The plan is organized around six strategic objectives. …

  5. Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth

    HIV prevention programming is increasingly taking place in school settings, which provide an expansive population of young people and offer immense potential for making a large and much-needed impact in the lives of this target group. The Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth (PIASCY) is an ambitious, school-based programme that has sought to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Uganda in a holistic manner since 2002, targeting young people, school personnel, parents, and the wider community. …

  6. Rethinking how to prevent HIV in young people: evidence from two large randomised controlled trials in Tanzania and Zimbabwe

    The MEMA kwa Vijana (Tanzania) and Regai Dzive Shiri (Zimbabwe) adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention trials focused on developing skills and changing attitudes and self-efficacy to change behaviours. The trials show a clear gap between young people's knowledge, and their reported attitudes and behaviour. …

  7. Youth HIV and AIDS training manual

    This document was produced by the National Youth Council in Kampala, Uganda; which is faced with the challenge of addressing HIV and AIDS issues among youth at all levels of the council structure. This training manual was developed in response to the call by the youth themselves to improve communication and awareness programs in their society. It has been written for trainers of youth and youth leaders who shall be engaged in life skills training and peer education project of the National Youth Council. …

  8. Building resilience in children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This handbook is aimed at helping parents, caregivers and teachers to understand children who are nursing a diseased parent or who have lost a parent, thus, providing practical advice on how to support such children in order to help them cope. It offers ideas for discussions that can be held on a one-to-one basis in the child's home or with a group of children in the classroom. It is not considered as a recipe for success or a book of rules. …

  9. Risky Business: South African youths and HIV/AIDS prevention

    This article presents and discusses the results of a survey that investigated the relationship between sexual risk taking and attitudes to HIV/AIDS precautions due to the concern about the potential vulnerability of youth (age range of 17-21 years) to HIV/AIDS in South Africa. The findings of the study showed that training in isolation can jeopardize the way forward, especially when it proves ineffective to answer questions that are not dependent on a training solution. …

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