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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Inviting Backchat: How schools and communities in Ghana, Swaziland and Kenya support children to contextualise knowledge and create agency through sexuality education

    Education about sex, relationships and HIV and AIDS in African contexts is riddled with socio-cultural complexity. In this paper the authors argue that in extreme contexts education can lead change further by developing young people as significant actors in their own lives and in the lives of the community by bringing about change in attitudes in the community, as well as practices in schools. …

  2. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  3. Fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages: young people's perceptions in northern Tanzania

    The aims of the study were to elicit the perceptions of young people in Tanzania on the role of fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages and to identify important contextual factors that may influence young people's perceptions of HIV-prevention posters. A total of 10 focus groups were conducted to investigate the role of fear appeals using the extended parallel process model (EPPM) as a guide. …

  4. National life skills education framework for Zanzibar

    This document describes the Zanzibar National Life Skills Education Framework (ZNLSEF) - a framework intended to provide guidance to different stakeholders and at different levels in Zanzibar on how to provide quality life skills education programs so as to attain positive behavioral changes among children and young people in Zanzibar for their own individual and societal benefits in relation to preventing HIV/AIDS infections, substance abuse, early pregnancies, gender based violence and lead more positive and productive lives. …

  5. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Tanzania

    While Tanzania is taking measures to curb the HIV and AIDS pandemic - including limiting its transmission and minimizing its impact, addressing such transmission among mobile populations such as students and staff of Higher Learning Institutions remains a challenge. Available information shows that a number of daunting challenges face Universities in Tanzania in designing and implementing effective responses to HIV and AIDS. First is the fact that little is known about the vulnerability, prevalence, impact and situation of HIV and AIDS in most of these institutions. …

  6. Scaling-up together we can: a proven peer education program and community mobilization strategy for youth HIV prevention, Guyana, Haiti and Tanzania. Annual report, October 1, 2008-September 30, 2009

    The Scaling Up Together We Can program is a PEPFAR-funded and USAID-supported 6+ year, $10+ million effort to reach more than 1,060,000 youth ages 10 to 24 with curriculum-based and peer-to-peer outreach, and interpersonal community wide events in Guyana, Haiti, and Tanzania. The project has already reached more than one million youth through these interpersonal and participative approaches to relaying HIV prevention messages, and many more through general diffusion "edutainment" events and mass media-based outreach.

  7. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About HIV/AIDS and the New Generation and their Answers. Vol. 6

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  8. Rethinking how to prevent HIV in young people: evidence from two large randomised controlled trials in Tanzania and Zimbabwe

    The MEMA kwa Vijana (Tanzania) and Regai Dzive Shiri (Zimbabwe) adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention trials focused on developing skills and changing attitudes and self-efficacy to change behaviours. The trials show a clear gap between young people's knowledge, and their reported attitudes and behaviour. …

  9. Life skills education with a focus on HIV/AIDS

    This document is a review of sixty life skills education (LSE) and HIV/AIDS materials used in life skills education of young adolescents in twelve countries in the ESAR region. It assesses the myths and biases young people may have internalized regarding HIV/AIDS. Besides UNICEF officers, this publication is expected to be useful to policy makers in education, designers, teacher trainers, teachers, peer educators, facilitators and others working in the area of HIV/AIDS prevention in the education sector. …

  10. The questions adolescents ask most frequently about drugs and drug abuse - And their answers

    Recent studies in Tanzania show that a large percentage of adolescents have had experiences with drugs or substances like tobacco and alcohol at a low age. At the same time they lack basic knowledge about the effects and dangers of its consumption. This ignorance often puts them at risk. This booklet has been developed in response to this situation. It is meant to provide youths with information on the most crucial facts and guide them in becoming responsible decisionmakers for their own lives. …

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