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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviours: evidence from Lesotho

    This paper analyzes the socioeconomic determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviors using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. The authors find that in Lesotho education appears to have a protective effect: it is negatively associated with HIV infection (although not always significantly) and it strongly predicts preventive behaviors. The findings also show that married women who have extra-marital relationships are less likely to use a condom than non-married women. This is an important source of vulnerability that should be addressed in prevention efforts. …

  2. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Education Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. A synthesis of the findings and recommendations of three country studies: Botswana, Malawi, and Uganda

    This report presents the main findings and recommendations of an international research project, which has focused on assessing the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on primary and secondary schooling in three countries, namely Botswana, Malawi and Uganda (BMU). Adult HIV prevalence rates were estimated to be 36% in Botswana, 21% in Malawi and 8% in Uganda in 1999. The report explores the following three areas: student prevention and the impacts on students and teachers.

  3. Systematic review of effectiveness of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. Methods: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. …

  4. Reducing HIV Infection among Youth: What Can Schools Do? Key baseline findings from Mexico, South Africa and Thailand

    This report on the baseline data from three countries (Mexico, Thailand and South Africa) provides information on the HIV-prevention needs of school-based youth. It focuses on select key variables including HIV knowledge, attidudes toward people living with HIV/AIDS, confidence in acquiring and using condoms, and reported sexual behaviour. This information and other data obtained from the studies has helped shape the school-based interventions by informing teachers about student needs. It can also be helpful to others planning HIV prevention programmes for youth in similar settings.

  5. Nkumba University HIV/AIDS Policy

    The mission of Nkumba University is to educate people who will serve the country in different capacities after they have completed their courses. Besides the students, the University has academic, administrative staff, support staff and workers. Most of the people constituting the University community fall in the age bracket of 15-29 years and older people up to the age of 45 years. This is the age group that is vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection. They are the very people who are vital to Uganda's economic future. …

  6. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Survey (KAP) Technikon Pretoria

    The aim of this investigation is primarily to determine firstly, who of the registered students studying at Technikon Pretoria is most at risk to become HIV infected, secondly to determine which behaviours put them at risk, and thirdly to determine their understanding of their basic rights as humans, in the workplace and in a relationship. …

  7. Ho Polytechnic HIV/AIDS Policy

    The objectives of the policy are:To ensure that there is a consistent and sustainable programme of information and education on HIV/AIDS within the Polytechnic communityTo encourage attitudinal and behaviour changeTo encourage voluntary counselling and testing among staff and studentsTo collaborate with other stakeholders in the fight against HIV/AIDSTo reduce stigmatisation and discriminationTo ensure that the basic human rights of persons infected with HIV/AIDS are protected and upheld

  8. HIV/AIDS and students at RAU

    This report is drawn from findings of a study on the association between awareness of HIV/AIDS and behaviour of RAU students in a social/cultural context. Students' knowledge, awareness and perceptions were determined, and their behaviour was linked to their HIV status. The study included a questionnaire survey coupled with a test for HIV status based on samples of oral fluid (saliva). Questionnaires and samples were anonymous, and provided on the basis of informed consent. The result of every HIV test was linked to the appropriate questionnaire by providing each with the same bar code. …

  9. HIV/AIDS and sex education among the youth in Zambia: towards behavioural change

    This article addresses how sex education in Zambia has changed over the course of time, particularly due to the spread of HIV/AIDS. The article is based on fieldwork conducted by the author in Zambia during six periodsbetween 1992 and 2003, and additional literature on HIV/AIDS education. The research conducted by the author between 1992 and 2001 focused primarily on female initiation rites, while that of 2002-2003 focused on the knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Zambian youth and how the knowledge is passed on by teachers at primary schools, but also by health workers, peer educators, and parents. …

  10. HIV and AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and behaviour (KAPB) study in Namibia

    UNICEF’s Education for HIV Prevention and Mitigation Programme (EHPM) focuses on strengthening the capacity of adolescents and communities to fulfill their rights to correct information and appropriate skills enabling them to make correct choices for HIV prevention. EHPM will contribute to a reduction in risk-behaviour among adolescents through provision of life skills education for HIV prevention and mitigate the effects of HIV/AIDS on children’s access to basic education through the development and implementation of national level systems and promotion of school-community support systems. …

  11. HIV and AIDS in education: a resource manual for inspectors and advisory teachers

    School inspection and advisory support is the "sin qua non" for ensuring quality in education. Inspection and advisory support is often limited to monitoring implementation of the school curriculum and education policies, and rarely are inspection fi ndings used to inform the preparation of staff development strategies and school improvement programmes. As inspectors and advisory teachers, we should become aware of the major current trends and emergent areas of special concern in education. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS, a pandemic that is spreading around the world every day. …

  12. Gender and post-literacy: a non-formal education approach to HIV/AIDS prevention

    The HIV infection rate in Southern Africa is among the highest in the world. Despite the availability of information on the AIDS pandemic, people are still not changing their behaviour said Elizabeth Lwange of UNDP, Mbabane. From 5 to 14 February 2001, UNESCO organized a handson awareness-raising workshop in Mbabane, Swaziland for education, health care and communication professionals from Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe to assist them in preparing post-literacy materials aimed at helping people, changing their behaviour towards practicing safe sex, and ultimately saving their lives. …

  13. Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review

    Objectives: To assess whether educational status is associated with HIV-1 infection in developing countries by conducting a systematic review of published literature. Methods: Articles were identified through electronic databases and hand searching key journals. …

  14. Does knowledge equal change? HIV/AIDS education and behaviour change

    This paper sets out to demonstrate that clear links exist between HIV/AIDS education, both inside and outside the education system, and levels of awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS and associated risk behaviour. It also examines evidence of consequent behaviour change in relation to such information and linked understanding of the risks posed by HIV/AIDS.

  15. Construction of safety and risk factors by learners in the Limpopo Province, South Africa: Results of a baseline survey of learners in the Sekhukhune, Bohlabela and Vhembe districts

    In 2004, the University of Pretoria was contracted by the United Nations' Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Limpopo Department of Education (LDoE) to conduct research in Limpopo, South Africa, examining issues related to safety and threats for learners at the foundational (Grade R-3), intermediate (Grade 4-7) and senior (Grade 8-12) phases. The purpose of the research was to provide baseline data and potential strategies for longer term school-based and community-based programmes to develop Child Friendly Schools (CFS) and Schools as Centres for Care and Support in Limpopo. …

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