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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Risky Business: South African youths and HIV/AIDS prevention

    This article presents and discusses the results of a survey that investigated the relationship between sexual risk taking and attitudes to HIV/AIDS precautions due to the concern about the potential vulnerability of youth (age range of 17-21 years) to HIV/AIDS in South Africa. The findings of the study showed that training in isolation can jeopardize the way forward, especially when it proves ineffective to answer questions that are not dependent on a training solution. …

  2. How to create an effective peer education project: guidelines for AIDS prevention project

    This handbook is one in a series of practical "how-to" handbooks developed by AIDSCAP's (AIDS Control and Prevention) Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) Unit. Its main objective is to help field-level planners and implementer's who are planning a new peer education project and want to strengthen or energize ongoing projects. The information in this handbook is based on interviews with over 200 AIDSCAP subproject managers, peer educators and peer beneficiaries in ten countries. …

  3. Assessment strategies for skills-based health education with a focus on HIV prevention and related issues

    This publication aims to show how a range of strategies and tools can be used to assess the impact of learning activities in skills-based health education (with a focus on HIV prevention and related issues). It presents assessment tools that can be used to measure whether or not selected knowledge, attitude and skill objectives for HIV/AIDS prevention are being met in the short term by classroom activities. It also includes strategies for assessing the kinds of behavioural outcomes that may result from changes in the afore-mentioned areas. …

  4. Life skills education with a focus on HIV/AIDS

    This document is a review of sixty life skills education (LSE) and HIV/AIDS materials used in life skills education of young adolescents in twelve countries in the ESAR region. It assesses the myths and biases young people may have internalized regarding HIV/AIDS. Besides UNICEF officers, this publication is expected to be useful to policy makers in education, designers, teacher trainers, teachers, peer educators, facilitators and others working in the area of HIV/AIDS prevention in the education sector. …

  5. Life skills manual

    The manual consists of over 50 different lesson ideas that can be used with any group (anti AIDS clubs, boys and girls clubs, youth clubs etc) by health workers, parents, teachers, community volunteers or community leaders in addressing the important related issues of behavioural change that concentrates on the development of skills needed for life such as: decision-making, resisting peer pressure, thinking, self-esteem building and relationship skills. …

  6. AIDS Education through Imams: a spiritually motivated community effort in Uganda

    Focused on the country's Muslim community, IMAU has integrated Islamic religious values with medical information on HIV/AIDS by mobilizing Muslim leaders such as Imams. These community members make home visits to families across Uganda, offering accurate information on HIV/AIDS. This case study was produced for those interested in learning more about IMAU's community-based health efforts. It originated out of the need to increase the awareness of HIV/AIDS prevention, offer accurate information on HIV/AIDS and motivate behavioural change. …

  7. Manual do multiplicador: adolescente

    O manual é constituído por 3 unidades: Sexualidade, Prevenção às DST/Aids e Prevenção ao Uso Indevido de Drogas. Em cada unidade, são apresentadas dinâmicas de trabalho de grupo, que utilizam como metodologia a educação por meio de trocas de experiências, vivências, conhecimentos e atitudes. Procura-se identificar o saber que cada adolescente traz para, a partir disso, introduzir ou aumentar a percepção de risco e orientar a adoção de práticas seguras.

  8. VIH/SIDA et système éducatif. Fenêtre sur l'éducation Cameroun

    Le Bureau de l'UNESCO de Yaoundé, impliqué, avec l'ensemble des partenaires au développement du Cameroun, dans l'évaluation du Plan national stratégique de lutte contre le SIDA (PNS 2001-2005) et dans la préparation du nouveau Plan stratégique quinquennal (2006-2010), a initié cette étude dans le cadre du groupe thématique ONUSIDA. L' étude est apparue comme une nécessité d'autant que chacun s'accorde désormais pour considérer l'éducation comme un instrument à la fois majeur et indispensable de prévention. …

  9. UNESCO's strategy for responding to HIV and AIDS

    As the UN specialised agency for education, UNESCO supports lifelong learning that builds and maintains essential skills, competencies, knowledge, behaviours and attitudes. This includes learning in formal educational settings; through non-formal educational activities; and through informal education. …

  10. Transitions to Adulthood in the Context of AIDS in South Africa: The Impact of Exposure to Life Skills Education on Adolescent Knowledge, Skills, and Behavior

    Presents the findings of a prospective study of reproductive and sexual health of adolescents in KwaZulu Natal Province. Research summary (2004), research update (2004), and report of baseline findings (2001) also available.

  11. The determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviours: evidence from Lesotho

    This paper analyzes the socioeconomic determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviors using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. The authors find that in Lesotho education appears to have a protective effect: it is negatively associated with HIV infection (although not always significantly) and it strongly predicts preventive behaviors. The findings also show that married women who have extra-marital relationships are less likely to use a condom than non-married women. This is an important source of vulnerability that should be addressed in prevention efforts. …

  12. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Education Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. A synthesis of the findings and recommendations of three country studies: Botswana, Malawi, and Uganda

    This report presents the main findings and recommendations of an international research project, which has focused on assessing the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on primary and secondary schooling in three countries, namely Botswana, Malawi and Uganda (BMU). Adult HIV prevalence rates were estimated to be 36% in Botswana, 21% in Malawi and 8% in Uganda in 1999. The report explores the following three areas: student prevention and the impacts on students and teachers.

  13. Systematic review of effectiveness of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. Methods: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. …

  14. Reducing HIV Infection among Youth: What Can Schools Do? Key baseline findings from Mexico, South Africa and Thailand

    This report on the baseline data from three countries (Mexico, Thailand and South Africa) provides information on the HIV-prevention needs of school-based youth. It focuses on select key variables including HIV knowledge, attidudes toward people living with HIV/AIDS, confidence in acquiring and using condoms, and reported sexual behaviour. This information and other data obtained from the studies has helped shape the school-based interventions by informing teachers about student needs. It can also be helpful to others planning HIV prevention programmes for youth in similar settings.

  15. Promoting more gender-equitable norms and behaviors among young men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy

    Few interventions to promote gender-equitable behavior among young men have been systematically implemented or evaluated, and relatively little is known about how best to measure changes in gender norms and their effect on HIV/STI protective and risk behaviors. To address these gaps, the Horizons Program and Instituto Promundo, with support from USAID, SSL International, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and JohnSnowBrasil, examined the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve young men's attitudes toward gender norms and to reduce HIV/STI risk.

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