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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The efficacy of HIV and sex education interventions among youths in developing countries: a review

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youths represent an important public health challenge in developing countries. The incidence of HIV peaked in the 1990’s and saw a decline from 2005. What was done to prompt the decline? To answer this question selecting studies between 1990 and 2005 was appropriate to assess whether the drop in HIV incidence in developing countries was as a result of education interventions. …

  2. Can campus radio and social media mobilise students to rediscover their risk? HEAIDS Future Beats Pilot Project Research Report

    The Higher Education and Training HIV/AIDS Programme (HEAIDS) is a national programme to develop and support the HIV/TB/STI and General Health and Wellness mitigation initiatives at South Africa’s public Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Colleges. HEAIDS has introduced an innovative youth development project known as ‘Future Beats’, funded by the German International Cooperation (GIZ) and the DHET. …

  3. HIV/AIDS prevention good practice: strategies for public higher education institutions (HEIs) in South Africa: a report

    This study was undertaken to identify the HIV prevention programmes and practices that have been implemented at HEIs and the extent to which they cohere with good practice as described in the literature. The research team began by identifying “international and local good practice with regards to HIV/AIDS prevention”. …

  4. Evidence, politics and Uganda's HIV success: moving forward with ABC and HIV prevention

    Uganda’s HIV success story has become increasingly focused around the idea of ‘ABC’ (Abstain, Be faithful or use Condoms). During the George W. Bush administration, the US Government has promoted one specific ABC model for its development agencies, with a particular emphasis on abstinence. Yet other actors have contested this view. To understand Uganda’s success, it is imperative to look at what ABC was in Uganda when critical changes in behaviour were occurring. …

  5. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Uganda

    There is inadequate information on the burden of HIV infection, and on the prevalence of the risk factors for HIV transmission among University students in Uganda. Routine sources of data such as HIV surveillance and national population-based AIDS Indicator surveys do not provide information on institutional populations such as University students. Moreover, these sub-populations require interventions to address the risk factors that expose them to HIV infection in their unique settings. …

  6. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Kenya

    Universities and institutions of higher learning in general consist mainly of young people in the 17-24 year old category, most of whom are sexually active, and therefore most vulnerable to HIV infection. And though studies such as KAIS (2007) and KDHS (2003, 2008) have been conducted on the general Kenyan population, studies specific to institutions of higher learning are scanty, in particular, sero-prevalence data on this target group is lacking. …

  7. Positive Action for HIV in Schools in Kenya

    Although many sub-Saharan African countries that are affected by HIV and AIDS have developed education sector policies in response to the epidemic, there are still challenges in effectively addressing the issue in schools. These challenges include lack of appropriate leadership and coordination at the school level, limited training and skills update on HIV and AIDS among school-based caregivers (teachers, school nurses and matrons), absence of appropriate guidelines in some settings, and lack of coordination between the education, health and other sectors. …

  8. Effects and effectiveness of life skills education for HIV prevention in young people

    For 20 years, “life skills” education has been advocated as a key component of HIV and AIDS education for young people. But what do terms such as life skills imply, and what evidence is there that a life skills-based approach really works? This article reviews the literature on the effects and effectiveness of life skills-based education for HIV prevention. Evaluated interventions were identified by using three search strategies. The review identified a surprising number of rigorously designed and evaluated interventions from Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the Pacific. …

  9. Social mobilization for prevention and control of HIV and AIDS: behavioral change communication material development guideline

    This behavioral change communication material development guideline has been developed by the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (FHAPCO) in collaboration with the Ethiopian health sector development partners working on communication in HIV. The document offers step-by-step guidelines for developing/producing accurate, useful, and action oriented behavioral change communication materials to meet the communication needs of HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care and support programs. The document is divided into three major sections. …

  10. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Tanzania

    While Tanzania is taking measures to curb the HIV and AIDS pandemic - including limiting its transmission and minimizing its impact, addressing such transmission among mobile populations such as students and staff of Higher Learning Institutions remains a challenge. Available information shows that a number of daunting challenges face Universities in Tanzania in designing and implementing effective responses to HIV and AIDS. First is the fact that little is known about the vulnerability, prevalence, impact and situation of HIV and AIDS in most of these institutions. …

  11. They made us who we are today: a retrospective evaluation of the first five-year cohort of the iThemba Lethu HIV Prevention Programme (2002-2006)

    The vision of the iThemba Lethu (isiZulu for "I have a destiny") HIV prevention programme is "to restore the destiny to children whose future is at risk of being negatively impacted by HIV/AIDS". Their goal is to reduce youth risk taking behaviour. The motivation for change is understood as the realisation of self-value and destiny, which, it is posited, provides the backdrop against which HIV/AIDS education can best have a positive effect on behaviour. …

  12. Inquérito sobre conhecimentos, attitudes e práticas relativas ao VIH/SIDA

    No inquérito sobre conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas em relação ao VIH/SIDA realizado em 2008 na Guiné-Bissau, apesar do nível de percepção sobre o SIDA situar-se acima de 90%, foram encontrados 12% de homens e 33% de mulheres que disseram ter já ouvido falar do SIDA, mas que desconhecem as formas de transmissão do VIH [Estudo CAP 2008]. …

  13. Best practices in HIV/AIDS prevention education: the AIDS surveillance and education experience in the Philippines

    This report examines the education component of the AIDS Surveillance and Education Project (ASEP) and its role in helping to keep the Philippines AIDS epidemic low and slow. It reviews the achievements of the education component and the lessons learned from ten years of the ASEP experience. The Philippines DOH has adopted ASEP as the "gold standard" for the Philippines and is replicating ASEP's interventions and strategies in other parts of the country. …

  14. Do HIV-AIDS teacher training programs work in Africa? Evidence from the Cameroon

    We assess the impact on student knowledge, attitudes and behavior of a typical HIV-AIDS teacher training program, funded by the African Development Bank and implemented with technical assistance from UNESCO in Cameroon. …

  15. HIV prevalence and related factors - higher education sector study, South Africa, 2008-2009

    The broad objectives of this study are to obtain HIV prevalence statistics and HIV behavioural response profiles of staff and students in higher education in South Africa. The results should inform the sector response in a meaningful way, particularly with regard to policy, funding and implementation of prevention, treatment, care and support interventions. …

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