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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  2. Teaching lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health in a South African health sciences faculty: addressing the gap

    Background: People who identity as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) have specific health needs. Sexual orientation and gender identity are social determinants of health, as homophobia and heteronormativity persist as prejudices in society. LGBT patients often experience discrimination and prejudice in health care settings. While recent South African policies recognise the need for providing LGBT specific health care, no curricula for teaching about LGBT health related issues exist in South African health sciences faculties. …

  3. Strengthening the enabling environment for women and girls: what is the evidence in social and structural approaches in the HIV response?

    There is growing interest in expanding public health approaches that address social and structural drivers that affect the environment in which behaviour occurs. Half of those living with HIV infection are women. The sociocultural and political environment in which women live can enable or inhibit their ability to protect themselves from acquiring HIV. …

  4. Breaking a spell of silence: the Tasmanian evaluation of the 2006 Pride and Prejudice program

    An evaluation of the Pride & Prejudice program, which ran in three Tasmanian schools in 2006, suggests that students who completed the program had more positive attitudes towards gay men and lesbians. This finding parallels an earlier evaluation of the same anti-homophobia program undertaken in Victoria. The evaluation leads to a discussion about the deeper and often hidden purposes of schooling, and about the discursive formations of heteronormativity, which provide a heterosexist basis for ‘curriculum’. …

  5. Full development of the human personality and respect for human rights. A guide to monitor the right to education and strategy development for sexual diversity

    The guide provides tools and instruments for both monitoring and strategic planning of improvement of the implementation of the Right to Education. The guide is both addressed to the government officials and to human rights advocates in civil society organizations. It is written with the perspective that governments and civil society organizations have a common goal: to adequately implement the Right to Education full all citizens, and that a continuous exchange of views and suggestions are the best way the enhance the (implementation of ) the Right to Education.

  6. Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS: A social Research on Cross Border Mobile Population from Bangladesh to India

    This report is focused on the mobility context and its relation to HIV and AIDS. The study tried to explore and discuss context and experiences throughout the mobility continuum including sexual behavior, HIV knowledge, stigma and discrimination, violence, service availability and access. It also tried to unearth the multitude of factors that increase vulnerability among migrants and their families. This report was developed as part of the EMPHASIS project being led by CARE and supported by the Big Lottery Fund, UK.

  7. Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacifc Region

    The ‘Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific Region’ report aims to provide a research and strategic information framework. It will guide governments, civil society, donors and key stakeholders to design and produce relevant research as part of collective effort to reduce the extreme vulnerability of transgender people to HIV, while protecting their rights in the Asia-Pacific Region.

  8. HIV-related knowledge and stigma among high school students in Libya

    This study aims to measure indicators of HIV-related stigma among students of high schools in the North West of Libya. The results will be part of baseline data and evaluation of the impact of successive interventions. Understanding the behaviour of risk groups in a society, such as young people, is essential in order to draw effective prevention strategies. Behavioural surveillance surveys have been shown to make an important and useful contribution to informing the response to HIV. This study was part of a large Knowledge, Attitude, Beliefs and Practice survey. …

  9. HIV interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma: a systematic review

    We reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of HIV-related interventions in reducing HIV/AIDS stigma. Studies selected had randomized controlled trial (RCT), pretest-posttest with a non-randomized control group, or pretest-posttest one group study designs in which HIV-related interventions were being evaluated, and in which HIV/AIDS stigma was one of the outcomes being measured. A checklist was used to extract data from accepted studies, assess their internal validity, and overall quality. …

  10. Video contre l'homophobie: en colo

    Court métrage de l'un des 5 lauréats du concours "Jeune et homo sous le regard des autres" organisé par le Ministère de la Santé et des Sports. Pour éclairer la vidéo, le livret d'accompagnement. Lors d'une séance du jeu « Action ou vérité ? », deux jeunes garçons, Mathieu et Maxime, ont pour défi de s'embrasser. Le baiser va provoquer chez eux un certain émoi. À partir de ce moment, les ados, témoins de cette scène, font des allusions plus ou moins directes à l'éventuelle homosexualité de Maxime. Une révélation surprenante va alors déstabiliser le groupe, mais surtout le faire réfléchir.

  11. Pink Shirt Day 2011 with New Zealand Olympian Blake Skjellerup

    Been bullied at school? It's time to action. Join New Zealand Olympian Blake Skjellerup in writing to Prime Minister John Key to share your stories of bullying, so he can make our schools safer places for everyone - regardless of sexuality, race or gender.

  12. Establishing an association between rural youth suicide and same-sex attraction

    Recent research into same-sex attracted youth (SSAY) suicide and rural youth suicide suggests there may be an association between the two. A literature review explores this proposal. While contributing issues to rural SSAY suicide, such as homophobia, isolation, avaibility of information, and acknowledgement of issues are discussed, little hard evidence is found to support the rural and SSAY suicide connection. Further and on-going research is recommended into this under-represented topic.

  13. Cost of homophobia: literature review of the economic impact of homophobia on Canada

    Research was reviewed related to the negative results of homophobia on gays, lesbians and bisexuals (GLB), and the economic impact of such negative effects. Homophobia was defined as the irrational fear of, or aversion to, homosexuals and homosexuality, while the related construct of heterosexism was defined as a belief system that values heterosexuality as superior to and/or more natural than homosexuality, and/or the assumption that all people are heterosexual. …

  14. Different families: the experiences of children with lesbian and gay parents

    This research provides pioneering understanding of the current experience of the children of lesbian and gay parents. Many come from families which look remarkably like everyone else's. However, their lived experience is often similar to that of so many black or Asian or Jewish children. It's the prejudices of others that cause them far more distress than their own personal or family characteristics. Having interviewed children as young as four, this study also provides groundbreaking insights into the existence of homophobia in Britain's schools, including primary schools. …

  15. Tackling homophobia in schools

    Bullying causes permanent damage to young people and blights the schools and colleges where it takes place. One of the most invisible forms is homophobic bullying. But it's not just a gay issue. Homophobia affects all pupils and students - lesbian, gay, bisexual and straight. Anti-bullying campaigns need to understand and address this. Making all young people - regardless of their sexuality - feel included and valued is a major opportunity for our educational system to transform the lives of a significant number of pupils and students. …

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