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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Emerging issues in school bullying research and prevention science

    Titles from this issue: Associations between peer victimization and academic performance; The biological underpinnings of peer victimization: understanding why and how the effects of bullying can last a lifetime; Cyberbullying: what does research tell us?; Teacher–student agreement on “bullies and kids they pick on” in elementary school classrooms: gender and grade differences; Understanding homophobic behavior and its implications for policy and practice; The influence of psychosocial factors on bullying involvement of students with disabilities; The role of social-emotional learning in bully …

  2. (Re)connaître pour mieux agir : homophobie - lesbophobie - biphobie - transphobie

    Brochure à destination des professionnels et bénévoles associatifs travaillant auprès de tout(e) étudiant(e) s’interrogeant sur son orientation sexuelle et/ou son identité de genre.

  3. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children’s educational outcome: A critical review of global literature

    The number of children losing one or both parents to HIV/AIDS has continued to rise in the past decade, with most of them being school-aged children. This study reviews global literature on the effects of HIV/AIDS (e.g., parental HIV-related illness or death) on children's schooling. Systematic review procedures generated 23 studies for examination. Existing studies show educational disadvantages among children affected by AIDS in various educational outcomes, including school enrollment and attendance, school behavior and performance, school completion, and educational attainment. …

  4. Strengthening the enabling environment for women and girls: what is the evidence in social and structural approaches in the HIV response?

    There is growing interest in expanding public health approaches that address social and structural drivers that affect the environment in which behaviour occurs. Half of those living with HIV infection are women. The sociocultural and political environment in which women live can enable or inhibit their ability to protect themselves from acquiring HIV. …

  5. Juventud, cultura sexual y respuesta social al VIH/SIDA en Centroamérica y el Caribe: Campañas de prevención y culturas institucionales en Guatemala, Honduras y República Dominicana

    Este trabajo presenta un estudio de las campanas de prevención de VIH/SIDA en los medios de comunicación. Es resultado de una indagación sobre el trabajo que realizan los protagonistas de la respuesta social al VIH/SIDA en sus diferentes niveles; esto es, a nivel de Gobierno, de las ONG, de la Cooperación Internacional y del trabajo comunitario que realizan los agentes multiplicadores (jóvenes voluntarios de ONG) en Honduras, Republica Dominicana y Guatemala. …

  6. Broadening gender: Why masculinities matter. Attitudes, practices and gender-based violence in four districts in Sri Lanka

    In order to bridge the gap in evidence-based studies of masculinities in Sri Lanka, CARE International Sri Lanka undertook, together with Partners for Prevention (P4P), a UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV regional joint programme for gender-based violence prevention in Asia and the Pacific, a study on men’s knowledge, practices and social attitudes toward gender and gender-based violence. This study brings out key risk factors in relation to violence against women, childhood trauma and men’s own experience of violence. …

  7. Breaking a spell of silence: the Tasmanian evaluation of the 2006 Pride and Prejudice program

    An evaluation of the Pride & Prejudice program, which ran in three Tasmanian schools in 2006, suggests that students who completed the program had more positive attitudes towards gay men and lesbians. This finding parallels an earlier evaluation of the same anti-homophobia program undertaken in Victoria. The evaluation leads to a discussion about the deeper and often hidden purposes of schooling, and about the discursive formations of heteronormativity, which provide a heterosexist basis for ‘curriculum’. …

  8. ABC de nuevas prácticas: equidad de género, noviolencia y protagonismo juvenil

    Este documento ha sido diseñado con el objetivo de apoyar nuestra labor como integrantes de la comunidad educadora al momento de identificar estilos de relaciones y enseñanza que se dan en la escuela, para que podamos descubrir cómo estamos contribuyendo a erradicar o mantener pautas violentas, estereotipos de género o esquemas de limitado protagonismo juvenil. La idea es que observemos conductas, actitudes y acciones que quizá antes no habíamos tomado en cuenta, con las cuales podemos fortalecer un ambiente escolar basado en el respeto y la equidad. …

  9. Knowledge, Behaviour, Perceptions and Attitudes of University of Ghana Students towards HIV/AIDS: What does Behavioural Surveillance Survey Tell us?

    This study assesses knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in respect of risk of HIV infection of students through behavioral surveillance survey. The study used the systematic sampling approach to select 375 students. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted to solicit information from respondents. The study found out that the students engaged in pre-marital sex, although this was more common among the male than female students. Students did not use condoms consistently and were not likely to use condoms when the relationship was considered as stable because of trust. …

  10. Postgraduate educational research on violence, gender, and HIV/AIDS in and around schools (1995-2004)

    Social issues such as HIV/AIDS, bullying, and violence have recently come to the fore in schooling and related research in South Africa. This article describes and critically analyses Masters and Ph.D. research done in education in the period 1995–2004, with particular reference to the voice given to social issues, namely: gender, violence, and HIV/AIDS and their interconnectedness. It explores issues, trends, and patterns in research emerging in the first decade of democracy in South Africa.

  11. Education and risky sex in Africa: Unraveling the link between women’s education and reproductive health behaviors in Kenya

    Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …

  12. Programas de Salud y Género. Mujeres con VIH/SIDA

    La proliferación de trabajos biológicos sobre el proceso del VIH/Sida contrasta con el abordaje de la problemática desde la experiencia de los que lo viven. De entre los involucrados, la mujer se vio implicada desde el comienzo como una de las poblaciones de riesgo de contagiar y de enfermarse. …

  13. Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacifc Region

    The ‘Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific Region’ report aims to provide a research and strategic information framework. It will guide governments, civil society, donors and key stakeholders to design and produce relevant research as part of collective effort to reduce the extreme vulnerability of transgender people to HIV, while protecting their rights in the Asia-Pacific Region.

  14. Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men's Childhood Experiences of Violence. Analyzing Data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey

    Great numbers of men report experiencing violence as children and these experiences have significant lifelong effects, according to the new analysis of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) dataset included in this report. Adult men who were victims or witnesses of domestic violence as children, for instance, likely come to accept violence as a conflict resolving tactic not only in intimate partnerships but also in their wider lives. …

  15. Video contre l'homophobie: en colo

    Court métrage de l'un des 5 lauréats du concours "Jeune et homo sous le regard des autres" organisé par le Ministère de la Santé et des Sports. Pour éclairer la vidéo, le livret d'accompagnement. Lors d'une séance du jeu « Action ou vérité ? », deux jeunes garçons, Mathieu et Maxime, ont pour défi de s'embrasser. Le baiser va provoquer chez eux un certain émoi. À partir de ce moment, les ados, témoins de cette scène, font des allusions plus ou moins directes à l'éventuelle homosexualité de Maxime. Une révélation surprenante va alors déstabiliser le groupe, mais surtout le faire réfléchir.

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