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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Essential conditions for the implementation of comprehensive school health to achieve changes in school culture and improvements in health behaviours of students

    Background: Comprehensive School Health (CSH) is an internationally recognized framework that holistically addresses school health by transforming the school culture. It has been shown to be effective in enhancing health behaviours among students while also improving educational outcomes. Despite this effectiveness, there is a need to focus on how CSH is implemented. …

  2. Report of the commission on ending childhood obesity

    Childhood obesity undermines the physical, social and psychological well-being of children and is a known risk factor for adult obesity and noncommunicable diseases. There is an urgent need to act now to improve the health of this generation and the next. The Commission recognizes that the scope of potential policy recommendations to address childhood obesity is broad and contains a number of novel elements. …

  3. Comprehensive sexuality education

    What evidence is there for comprehensive sexuality education in lower and middle income countries? What measurable outcomes have been associated with delivering CSE? What are the most effective strategies for implementation at scale? (e.g. in relation to gender, age, content, involvement of parents, political buy-in etc.) What challenges are there to applying such approaches in policy and practice?

  4. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  5. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH et le sida 2014-2017

    Le présent PSN a pour vision «une génération sans sida» en RDC. Cinq axes stratégiques déterminent les résultats d’impacts, des effets et des produits à atteindre avec les interventions stratégiques au cours de la période 2014–2017. Ces axes portent sur : La prévention de la transmission du VIH et des IST ; L’élimination de la transmission de VIH de la mère à l’enfant ; L’amélioration de l’accès aux soins et traitement ; La promotion d’un environnement favorable aux personnes vivant avec le VIH et personnes affectées ; Le soutien à la mise en œuvre du PSN.

  6. Aboriginal strategy on HIV/AIDS in Canada II: for First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples from 2009 to 2014

    Ce document est une ressource pour tous les intervenants participant à l’intervention face au VIH/sida au sein de la collectivité autochtone. Il est conçue de manière à souligner les domaines stratégiques d’intervention avec des objectifs clés et des résultats globaux. Après la présentation des domaines stratégiques, il y a des suggestions sur la façon dont les divers « secteurs » peuvent participer afin de faire progresser la stratégie.

  7. CARE Canada HIV/AIDS Strategy: Addressing the social, economic and health dimensions of the epidemic

    CARE travaille dans les pays les plus touchés par le VIH et le sida. Dans 25 pays, ses efforts pour combattre les nombreux effets de la maladie se concrétisent par des projets consacrés spécifiquement à la lutte contre le VIH/sida. Ces projets sont complétés par des initiatives, en matière de VIH/sida, qui s’inscrivent dans le cadre des douzaines d’autres projets menés dans plusieurs autres pays en de nombreux secteurs, notamment en agriculture et en éducation. En reconnaissance du fait que le Canada est également touché, CARE met en place des politiques et des programmes destinés à ses propres employés. Ce document présente précisement la stratégie de CARE sur le VIH/SIDA.

  8. Report on supporting care providers to improve lives of children orphaned or made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS

    This report presents the findings of a study on how communities lead the response to orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) in different regions of Malawi - focusing on the districts of Kasungu and Lilongwe in the central region, Mulanje in the south, and Mzimba in the north. These are districts where Plan Malawi implements OVC care and support interventions. The overall goal of the study was to determine the effectiveness of support being provided by care givers to the well being of OVC made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. …

  9. Mobilizing communities around HIV prevention for youth: how three coalitions applied key strategies to bring about structural changes

    Increasingly, HIV prevention efforts must focus on altering features of the social and physical environment to reduce risks associated with HIV acquisition and transmission. Community coalitions provide a vehicle for bringing about sustainable structural changes. This article shares lessons and key strategies regarding how three community coalitions located in Miami and Tampa, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico engaged their respective communities in bringing about structural changes affecting policies, practices and programs related to HIV prevention for 12-24-year-olds. …

  10. Social outcome expectations regarding delayed sexual debut among adolescents in Mankweng, South Africa

    Aims: To describe outcome expectations related to delayed sexual transition, to examine the dimensionality and internal consistency of such expectations, and to examine variations in social outcome expectations across subgroups defined by demographic variables, indicators of socioeconomic status and predictors related to school and educational ambitions. Methods: Data stem from a survey among school students (grades 8-12) in Mankweng, Limpopo, South Africa (n=5,697). …

  11. HIV behaviour change communication framework (Ethiopia)

    The HIV/AIDS Behavioral Change Communication Framework has 11 parts. The document reviews the national Response to the Pandemic highlighted in SPM II; defines basic BCC-related concepts; analyzes the current HIV-related BCC activities; and guides users on how to use the framework in implementing BCC activities effectively. The intended audience and their profile for this document have been listed including the communication objectives and key messages for each section in the document. …

  12. Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region

    This study presents evidence linking the spread of HIV with gender inequality in law and in custom in Pacific Island countries and territories. It suggests recommendations based on the findings, proposing policy responses and programme approaches which can and should be fundamental to fighting the spread of HIV in Pacific Island countries and territories. …

  13. The era of ARV (anti-retroviral) in the generalised HIV epidemic in Thailand: Research approaches

    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the sexual behavior of Thais. It draws primarily upon the 2006 National Sexual Behavioral Survey, which is a nationally representative survey of Thai adults. The emphasis of individual chapters is on risk behaviors, with the chapters analyzing risk behaviors in relation to HIV policy and programs. The book also provides a welcome addition to the literature on HIV policy and programs at an opportune time. …

  14. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  15. HIV/AIDS strategic plan 2004 - 2008. Cyprus. Draft proposal.

    The National AIDS Programme (NAP) has been implemented since 1986 through a series of strategic plans that had been prepared by the Ministry of Health (MoH) with the assistance of the World Health Organization (WHO). The situation and response analysis for this strategic plan, which covers the period between 2004-2008, draws on an analysis of official reports and data on the HIV/AIDS situation and in Cyprus on related factors. …

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