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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Comprehensive sexuality education

    What evidence is there for comprehensive sexuality education in lower and middle income countries? What measurable outcomes have been associated with delivering CSE? What are the most effective strategies for implementation at scale? (e.g. in relation to gender, age, content, involvement of parents, political buy-in etc.) What challenges are there to applying such approaches in policy and practice?

  2. School based sex education and HIV prevention in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Objectives: School-based sex education is a cornerstone of HIV prevention for adolescents who continue to bear a disproportionally high HIV burden globally. We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed the existing evidence for schoolbased sex education interventions in low- and middle-income countries to determine the efficacy of these interventions in changing HIV-related knowledge and risk behaviors. Methods: We searched five electronic databases, PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, CINAHL, and Sociological Abstracts, for eligible articles. …

  3. Cost analysis of school-based sexuality education programs in six countries

    Policy-makers who are making decisions on sexuality education programs face important economic questions: what are the costs of developing sexuality education programs; and what are the costs of implementing and scaling them up? This study responds to these questions by assessing the costs of six school-based sexuality education programs (Nigeria, Kenya, Indonesia, India, Estonia and the Netherlands). Cost analyses were carried out in schools that were fully implementing a SE program, as this best reflects the resources needed to run an effective program. …

  4. Cost and cost effectiveness analysis of school-based sexuality education in six countries: full report + School-based sexuality education programmes: a cost and cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries. Executive summary

    Costing and cost-effectiveness data for HIV prevention programmes are important tools for decision-makers. In many countries, HIV prevention efforts for young people have increasingly focused on schools, with many ministries of education in the process of scaling up school-based sexuality education programmes. However, most ministries of education are implementing programmes without an adequate understanding of how much the programmes cost per learner or per HIV/STIs or unintended pregnancy averted. …

  5. Science and success in developing countries: holistic programs that work to prevent teen pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infections

    This 34-page paper represents a compilation of ten programmes that demonstrate their effectiveness in reducing behavioural risks for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, among youth in developing countries. The report describes these youth as facing significant threats to their health and well-being as a reault of HIV/AIDS, high rates of STIs, and unintended pregnancies that may result in maternal morbidity and/or mortality. …

  6. Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth: education, services, and products can help protect against unintended pregnancy and STIs

    Education, services, and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, but groups should be targeted with appropriate messages.

  7. Fourteen and younger: the sexual behavior of young adolescents. Summary

    This summary is based on the seven-chapter publication "14 and Younger: the Sexual Behavior of Young Adolescents" - the work of seven teams of investigators examining three nationally-representative data sets and three smaller data sets. It provides answers to some lingering questions concerning this age group's sexual activity, pregnancy rate, contraceptive use, dating patterns, and communication with their parents about sex and related issues.

  8. Parent-child communication about sexuality for Asian/Pacific Islander, Latino, and Native America families: resources for educators and trainers

    This bibliography focuses on parent-child communication about sexuality issues for Asian/Pacific Islander, Latino, and Native American families. The bibliography includes curricula, pamphlets, booklets, research, videos, and music.

  9. Mothers' influence on teen sex : connections that promote postponing sexual intercourse

    The study focuses on mother-teen relationships as they affect behaviour among teens who are not yet sexually active. The report looks at several questions such as: Do mothers know whether their teens have had sex?; Do mothers talk to their teens about sex and birth control?; Mothers talk, teen's perceptions: what matters?; What effect do closeness and connectedness have on teen sex?; What else about mothers make a difference for sexual initiation.

  10. Universal sexuality education in Mongolia: educating today to protect tomorrow

    This issue of Quality/Calidad/Qualite published by the Population Council documents the Mongolian universal sexuality education programme supported by UNFPA. This Adolescent Reproductive Health Project known as "PO Zorga" was implemented by the Margaret Sanger Centre International since June 1998. The objectives of the project were to improve reproductive and sexual health, help adolescents make right decisions on this matter, and develop reproductive health education that will meet adolescents' demands and requirements. …

  11. Respecting healthy sexuality : for grades 9-12

    This publication is part of the Teenage Health Teaching Modules, a comprehensive health education curriculum for middle and high school students. The six sessions for grades 9 and 10 focus on assessing sexuality-related messages, using values to draw the line in relationships, and exploring the rights and responsibilities of healthy sexuality. The six sessions for grades 11 and 12 focus on essential skills for developing healthy relationships, dealing with challenging situations, and thinking about intimacy in relationships. …

  12. Sex on TV: content and context

    The study examines the amount and nature of sexual messages on television. In addition to counting the number of sexual situations in programmes, it looks at the content in which sexuality is presented on television.

  13. Sexual messages on family hour television: content and context

    The purpose of this study is to examine the nature and extent of messages about sex that are presented in the "Family Hour" on broadcast network television. The study employs scientific content analysis procedures to examine a thorough sample programming from the winter of 1996. It assesses how messages about sexuality in the "Family Hour" have changed over time by comparing the winter 1996 sample to a week of network programmes that were aired in 1976 and 1986. …

  14. Components of promising teen pregnancy prevention programs

    This document summarizes key ingredients of successful teen pregnancy prevention programmes and may be used as a guide for developing new strategies and strengthening existing interventions.

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