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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Efficient needs assessment in schools

    An effective programme of alcohol and drug education needs to be tailored to meet pupils’ requirements and priorities, meaning that both pupils’ needs and learning processes must be regularly assessed. This paper outlines the different and complementary ways to make an assessment, exploring the following questions: Where should teachers begin? What is needs assessment within alcohol and drug education? How can needs assessment inform alcohol and drug education programme planning? …

  2. HIV/AIDS prevention good practice: strategies for public higher education institutions (HEIs) in South Africa: a report

    This study was undertaken to identify the HIV prevention programmes and practices that have been implemented at HEIs and the extent to which they cohere with good practice as described in the literature. The research team began by identifying “international and local good practice with regards to HIV/AIDS prevention”. …

  3. Drug prevention programmes in schools: what is the evidence?

    Key messages: Universal drug education programmes in schools have been shown to have an impact on the most common substances used by young people: alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. The approaches which appear to be most effective are those based on social influences and life skills, for example Life Skills Training and Unplugged. Interventions which are not drug-specific but focus on children and young people’s attachment to school can also be effective in reducing substance misuse. The Good Behaviour Game is one example of these. …

  4. Report On National Workshop on School Health and Nutrition Strategy - Effective Implementation, 18th-19th September 2008, Kathamandu, Nepal

    The National SHN Strategy aims to provide a uniform approach to agencies working in the field of health and nutrition of school children. Even after the formation of National SHN Strategy, there has not been any significant improvement in the situation of the health and education status of school children due to the lack of an integrated approach. Program duplication has also emerged as a major challenge for agencies working in this field. …

  5. Life skills education and reproductive health education: preliminary findings from the non-biomedical interventions into HIV and AIDS study

    According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), life skills are defined as the abilities for adaptive and positive behaviours that enable individuals to effectively deal with demands and challenges of everyday life (WHO, 1993). Life Skills Education (LSE) and Sexual Reproductive Health Education have been introduced in Malawi's schools by the Ministry of Education as an integrated initiative. …

  6. Effects and effectiveness of life skills education for HIV prevention in young people

    For 20 years, “life skills” education has been advocated as a key component of HIV and AIDS education for young people. But what do terms such as life skills imply, and what evidence is there that a life skills-based approach really works? This article reviews the literature on the effects and effectiveness of life skills-based education for HIV prevention. Evaluated interventions were identified by using three search strategies. The review identified a surprising number of rigorously designed and evaluated interventions from Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the Pacific. …

  7. Gender-based violence and HIV: technical brief

    The brief is informed by: 1) a review of the most recent research findings on the intersection of GBV and HIV; 2) promising practices documented in the program literature; and 3) telephone interviews with select program implementers.

  8. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey: Baseline evaluation in Aragatsotn, Armavir, and Ararat Marzes

    The Primary Healthcare Reform Project is a five-year program funded by USAID. The project is designed to strengthen the Ministry of Health's capacity to introduce key reforms, which will increase access to high-quality primary health care services. Main activities of the project include renovating and equipping health facilities; training primary health care (PHC) providers; introducing open enrollment, a system whereby patients choose their PHC provider; supporting quality improvement; rationalizing healthcare financing; and providing public health education. …

  9. Life Skills Approaches to Improving Youth's Sexual and Reproductive Health

    Life Skills Approaches to Improving Youth's Sexual and Reproductive Health is a small paper edited by the NGO Advocates for Youth in 2002. It presents programs and advocates for policies that help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their reproductive and sexual health. It provides information, training, and strategic assistance to youth-serving organizations, policy makers, youth activists, and the media in the United States and the developing world. …

  10. End project evaluation for GFATM community based drop-in-centre for street children project, implemented by PAVHNA in Karachi

    The National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) has registered 4047 cases of HIV and 455 cases of AIDS till December 2007. In Pakistan, the epidemic has been registered as concentrated with HIV prevalence among intravenous drug users above 5%. The overall objective of the component under evaluation of Round 2 GFATM (Global Fund for AIDS, Tubercolosis and Malaria) proposal was to improve knowledge of HIV transmission among street children of Karachi from baseline of 5% to 60% by 2006. …

  11. Participatory learning and action: a powerful approach with youth

    This document is based on YouthNet's participatory approaches led by youth to enhance youth and community involvement by emphasizing youth-centered approach in Ethopia, Namibia and Tanzania. Produced by YouthNet/Family Health International, the YouthNet Briefs are a new series of two-page summaries highlighting research findings, country projects, and technical leadership.

  12. New tools offers skills building for youth participation

    This document highlights the Youth Participation Guide that helps youth and adults achieve meaningful youth involvement. Produced by YouthNet/Family Health International, the YouthNet Briefs are a new series of two-page summaries highlighting research findings, country projects, and technical leadership.

  13. Health education for behaviour change: a workbook to improve skills

    This manual is helpful for the people who work in an NGO, a health facility, a water and sanitation programme, or any other project where we need to change behaviour. It starts with the idea that one can only help people to change if they put themselves in the shoes of others. This manual can be used by everyone. It is not aimed at people of any particular country or religion. It is a workbook, meant to be followed by a group of people; one suggestion is to form a working group with other colleagues.

  14. India : enhancing grils' life skills recquires long-term commitment

    This study shows that interventions to improve girlsÆ life skills are feasible. However, effecting significant improvements in girlsÆ skills and economic advancement would require a longer-term intervention that nurtures skills while building relationships with parents and communities. It is suggested that the vocational training programs should take a long-term approach to facilitate partnerships with parents and communities in support of adolescent girlsÆ economic participation in India. This document is available online at http://www.popcouncil.org/frontiers/orsummaries/ors52.html

  15. Do empowered mothers foster gender equity and better reproductive health in the next generation? : a quality analysis from rural Bangladesh

    This policy brief describes qualitative research conducted in three rural Bangladeshi villages between 2001 and 2003. Particular attention was paid to both mothers and mothers-in-law, as women in the study areas tend to live with their mothers-in-law who, therefore, have a strong influence on their daughters' lives. The authors conclude that women "who were relatively empowered seemed to have a greater motivation and capacity" to improve the lives of their daughters and daughters-in-law. …

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