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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youths represent an important public health challenge in developing countries. The incidence of HIV peaked in the 1990’s and saw a decline from 2005. What was done to prompt the decline? To answer this question selecting studies between 1990 and 2005 was appropriate to assess whether the drop in HIV incidence in developing countries was as a result of education interventions. …
Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …
This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research
The document is part of WHO project to identify and define evidence-based strategies for influencing adolescent help-seeking and identify research questions and activities to promote improved help-seeking behaviour by adolescents. The document presents the findings from an international review on the topic; results of programme consultation with 35 adolescent health programmes; results of six key informant interviews; and recommendations for action, including brief outline for developing a set of guidelines for the rapid assessment of social supports to promote the help-seeking of adolescents.
This bibliography focuses on parent-child communication about sexuality issues for Asian/Pacific Islander, Latino, and Native American families. The bibliography includes curricula, pamphlets, booklets, research, videos, and music.
The report is a review of research findings on adolescents and reproductive health in Pakistan. The material is drawn from national surveys, medical research and information gathered by NGOs. The research shows the profile of adolescents in Pakistan with regard to the following issues: health and nutrition; sexual awareness and behaviour; prostitution and trafficking; sexual violence and sexual abuse; STDs; abortion; marriage and childbearing; fertility and family planning.
This document summarizes key ingredients of successful teen pregnancy prevention programmes and may be used as a guide for developing new strategies and strengthening existing interventions.