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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Broadening gender: Why masculinities matter. Attitudes, practices and gender-based violence in four districts in Sri Lanka

    In order to bridge the gap in evidence-based studies of masculinities in Sri Lanka, CARE International Sri Lanka undertook, together with Partners for Prevention (P4P), a UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV regional joint programme for gender-based violence prevention in Asia and the Pacific, a study on men’s knowledge, practices and social attitudes toward gender and gender-based violence. This study brings out key risk factors in relation to violence against women, childhood trauma and men’s own experience of violence. …

  2. Promoting Health-Seeking Behaviours and Quality of Care among Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender Women: Evidence from 5 Provinces in Thailand

    The study was commissioned by UNESCO Bangkok and aims to increase understanding about the health-seeking behavior of MSM/TG women in Thailand, including perceptions of illness, sources of information on sexual health, types of health services accessed, and constraints and obstacles in accessing healthcare; and to evaluate whether existing sexual health services meet the needs of MSM and TG women in the current Thai context, and develop recommendations for community groups/organizations, policy-makers (in light of Thailand’s revised National AIDS strategy), health service providers and developi …

  3. National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers, 2010-2011, Thailand

    The National Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for HIV Prevention Targeting Most-At-Risk Populations and Migrant Workers provides a unified and harmonized monitoring and evaluation system for Thailand. It follows the principle of the Three Ones: one agreed HIV/AIDS action framework that provides the basis for coordinating the work of all partners; one national AIDS coordinating authority, with a broad based multi-sector mandate; and one agreed HIV country-level monitoring and evaluation system. …

  4. Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010 Summary Report, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

    This report presents the findings of the 2010 survey, the fourth round of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, carried out in Mongolia by the National Statistical Office. The survey aims to collect and analyze data for monitoring the situation of children and women through a range of areas including health, education, development andprotection, implementation of rights of children and women in Mongolia, and knowledge of females and males and their sexual behavior in relation to HIV, AIDS. …

  5. Female Drug Use in Pakistan: Mapping Estimates, Ethnographic Results and Behaviourial Assessment

    This study is a part of the operational research which includes mapping and size estimation of female drug users, which forms the first key step in developing targeted interventions for this highly vulnerable key population. The results of this mapping study will assist in understanding the drug using scenario among female populations, which will ultimately form a baseline for service provision, based on which service providing organizations will develop targeted interventions within a specific geographical setting. …

  6. Early marriage : a harmful traditional practice

    This publication, "child marriage is a violation of human rights, compromising the development of girls and often resulting in early pregnancy and social isolation. Young married girls face onerous domestic burdens, constrained decision-making and reduced life choices. Using data from the Demographic and Household Surveys, this publication estimates the prevalence of child marriage and seeks to identify and understand the factors associated with child marriage and cohabitation. …

  7. India : enhancing grils' life skills recquires long-term commitment

    This study shows that interventions to improve girlsÆ life skills are feasible. However, effecting significant improvements in girlsÆ skills and economic advancement would require a longer-term intervention that nurtures skills while building relationships with parents and communities. It is suggested that the vocational training programs should take a long-term approach to facilitate partnerships with parents and communities in support of adolescent girlsÆ economic participation in India. This document is available online at http://www.popcouncil.org/frontiers/orsummaries/ors52.html

  8. Do empowered mothers foster gender equity and better reproductive health in the next generation? : a quality analysis from rural Bangladesh

    This policy brief describes qualitative research conducted in three rural Bangladeshi villages between 2001 and 2003. Particular attention was paid to both mothers and mothers-in-law, as women in the study areas tend to live with their mothers-in-law who, therefore, have a strong influence on their daughters' lives. The authors conclude that women "who were relatively empowered seemed to have a greater motivation and capacity" to improve the lives of their daughters and daughters-in-law. …

  9. Strategies to improve reproductive health services for adolescents in Bangladesh: a community-based study

    This study, conducted by ICDDR, B: Centre for Health and Population Research in collaboration with Concerned Women for Family Development (CWFD), aimed at determining the relative benefits of an integrated adolescent-development programme that combined reproductive health education, community sensitization, livelihood skill-training (ST), and a savings and credit scheme. The study was conducted in Dhaka (urban) and Noagaon (rural). In total, 900 female and 900 male adolescents were enrolled. This document is available online at http://202.136.7.26/images/wp164.pdf#

  10. Universal sexuality education in Mongolia: educating today to protect tomorrow

    This issue of Quality/Calidad/Qualite published by the Population Council documents the Mongolian universal sexuality education programme supported by UNFPA. This Adolescent Reproductive Health Project known as "PO Zorga" was implemented by the Margaret Sanger Centre International since June 1998. The objectives of the project were to improve reproductive and sexual health, help adolescents make right decisions on this matter, and develop reproductive health education that will meet adolescents' demands and requirements. …

  11. Contraceptive practice in Quirino Province, Philippines: experiences of side effects

    The qualitative research study examines the contraceptive practices and understanding of women in Quirino Province, Philippines that have led many women to discontinue use of contraception even though they do not wish to become pregnant. Three factors are examined for their impact on contraceptive use behaviour; occurrence of side effects, spousal relations, and quality of care.

  12. Final report BSS II - 1998 & changes in sexual behaviour and commercial sex in Cambodia : 1997-1998

    The report presents findings from the second round of the Cambodian Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BSS) completed in June 1998 as well as some important differences in the levels of reported behaviour from the BSSI (1997) to the BSS II (1998). The BSSII was conducted in the provinces in Cambodia to track sexual behaviour changes in Cambodia.

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