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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Reproductive rights, advocacy and changing the law

    This issue of journal is about reproductive rights, advocacy and changing the law. Papers on abortion cover the role of political parties and political process in changing the law, the role of feminists and doctors in efforts to get hospitals in the context of restrictive law, and efforts to get nurses and other health workers to confront their own prejudices against abortion in order to make service provision women-centred. Two papers delve into the meaning of reproductive health and rights and the role of advocacy in implementing changes in reproductive health law, policies and services.

  2. Listening to young voices: facilitating participatory appraisals on reproductive health with adolescents

    This guide provides step-by-step information on designing a participatory appraisal with adolescents to analyze their sexual and reproductive health-related concerns, and on using participatory learning and action (PLA) tools for this analysis. It also discusses the process of data analysis and documentation. Chapter 2 explains the definition and key principles of the PLA methodology and a brief history of its evolution. Chapter 3 details the preparation required before carrying out fieldwork. Chapter 4 describes a number of PLA methods that can be used for participatory appraisals. …

  3. Youth talk about sexuality: a participatory assessment of adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Lusaka, Zambia

    This study provides examples of successful strategies for motivating adolescents to avoid unprotected intercourse in order to reduce the incidence of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV of adolescents in Zambia.

  4. UNESCO's strategy for responding to HIV and AIDS

    As the UN specialised agency for education, UNESCO supports lifelong learning that builds and maintains essential skills, competencies, knowledge, behaviours and attitudes. This includes learning in formal educational settings; through non-formal educational activities; and through informal education. …

  5. Transitions to Adulthood in the Context of AIDS in South Africa: The Impact of Exposure to Life Skills Education on Adolescent Knowledge, Skills, and Behavior

    Presents the findings of a prospective study of reproductive and sexual health of adolescents in KwaZulu Natal Province. Research summary (2004), research update (2004), and report of baseline findings (2001) also available.

  6. The determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviours: evidence from Lesotho

    This paper analyzes the socioeconomic determinants of HIV infection and related sexual behaviors using the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey. The authors find that in Lesotho education appears to have a protective effect: it is negatively associated with HIV infection (although not always significantly) and it strongly predicts preventive behaviors. The findings also show that married women who have extra-marital relationships are less likely to use a condom than non-married women. This is an important source of vulnerability that should be addressed in prevention efforts. …

  7. Systematic review of effectiveness of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

    Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. Methods: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. …

  8. Programming for HIV Prevention in South African Schools

    Summarizes a study that examines whether school HIV/AIDS prevention programs increase knowledge, positive attitudes, and HIV-preventive behaviors. Baseline report (2001) also available.

  9. Primary School Teachers' Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on HIV/AIDS, Life Skills, Gender and Sexuality

    This research was conducted using both the quantitative and qualitative approaches in order to assess comprehensively, the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of primary school teachers, student teachers, and other stakeholders in the education system with regard to life skills, gender, sexuality, and HIV/AIDS. The purpose was to provide adequate information to guide the introduction of an HIV/AIDS and life skills programme in primary schools and teachers training colleges. …

  10. IATT case study review - Zambia

    This aide memoire presents the results of a country case study of Zambia which took place in the context of a four-country exercise commissioned by the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education. This is an interim document, the purpose of which is to provide the stakeholders interviewed in Zambia, as well as the IATT on Education with a preliminary summary of findings. The results of this discussion will then be incorporated in the final overall report of the four countries. …

  11. HIV/AIDS and students at RAU

    This report is drawn from findings of a study on the association between awareness of HIV/AIDS and behaviour of RAU students in a social/cultural context. Students' knowledge, awareness and perceptions were determined, and their behaviour was linked to their HIV status. The study included a questionnaire survey coupled with a test for HIV status based on samples of oral fluid (saliva). Questionnaires and samples were anonymous, and provided on the basis of informed consent. The result of every HIV test was linked to the appropriate questionnaire by providing each with the same bar code. …

  12. Construction of safety and risk factors by learners in the Limpopo Province, South Africa: Results of a baseline survey of learners in the Sekhukhune, Bohlabela and Vhembe districts

    In 2004, the University of Pretoria was contracted by the United Nations' Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the Limpopo Department of Education (LDoE) to conduct research in Limpopo, South Africa, examining issues related to safety and threats for learners at the foundational (Grade R-3), intermediate (Grade 4-7) and senior (Grade 8-12) phases. The purpose of the research was to provide baseline data and potential strategies for longer term school-based and community-based programmes to develop Child Friendly Schools (CFS) and Schools as Centres for Care and Support in Limpopo. …

  13. Connaisances, attitudes et pratiques dans les domaines des IST et du VIH/SIDA dans la Region de Mopti : rapport d'enquête

    La presente étude, consacrée à la région de Mopti, a été suscitée par la nécessité de parvenir à programmer des activités pertinentes favorisant des changements positifs de bénéficiares du projet relativement à leurs comportements, attitudes et pratiques vis-à-vis du VIH/SIDA. Et ce, d'autant plus que dans ce domaine particulièrement sensible, il faut se convaincre que toute approche , pour être porteuse, devra nécessairement prendre en compte les construits sociaux, les réalités de différents ordres.

  14. Baseline and Impact Survey of NYSC Peer Education Programme for Schools in 7 Pilot States

    As part of the on-going actvity by UNICEF to reduce the alarming rate of HIV/AIDS spread in Nigeria, UNICEF partnered with the NYSC Directorate and the Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH) to train 1 382 Youth Corps members in 7 pilot states in Nigeria. The states are Borno, Enugu, Rivers, Cross River, Kaduna, Nasarawa and Ondo. It was expected that these corps memberswould act as trainers of students called peer educators in post-primary institutions in their respective places of primary assignments. …

  15. Genre et Sida

    L'étude fait le bilan des connaissances sur les différences dues au genre dans la prévalence et l'incidence du VIH ainsi que la mortalité par le Sida. Elle analyse aussi les différents facteurs de risque épidémiologiques, biologiques et comportementaux

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