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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual and reproductive health outcomes are positively associated with comprehensive sexual education exposure in Mexican high-school students

    This paper provides evidence of the potential beneficial effects of CSE on attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors regarding sexual and reproductive health among adolescents. In addition, it identifies areas that should be strengthened to increase the positive impact of CSE.

  2. Essential conditions for the implementation of comprehensive school health to achieve changes in school culture and improvements in health behaviours of students

    Background: Comprehensive School Health (CSH) is an internationally recognized framework that holistically addresses school health by transforming the school culture. It has been shown to be effective in enhancing health behaviours among students while also improving educational outcomes. Despite this effectiveness, there is a need to focus on how CSH is implemented. …

  3. The association between school-based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance

    There is a growing body of research focused on the association between school-based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance among school-aged youth. To better understand these connections, this review includes studies from a range of physical activity contexts, including school-based physical education, recess, classroom-based physical activity (outside of physical education and recess), and extracurricular physical activity. …

  4. Behaviour Change Communication for HIV Prevention in Barbados - A Proposal for Strategy

    The following five‐year behaviour change communication strategy proposes a plan to achieve a shift in behaviour adoption that is required if a change in the progress of the epidemic is to be achieved. …

  5. Programas de Salud y Género. Mujeres con VIH/SIDA

    La proliferación de trabajos biológicos sobre el proceso del VIH/Sida contrasta con el abordaje de la problemática desde la experiencia de los que lo viven. De entre los involucrados, la mujer se vio implicada desde el comienzo como una de las poblaciones de riesgo de contagiar y de enfermarse. …

  6. Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men's Childhood Experiences of Violence. Analyzing Data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey

    Great numbers of men report experiencing violence as children and these experiences have significant lifelong effects, according to the new analysis of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) dataset included in this report. Adult men who were victims or witnesses of domestic violence as children, for instance, likely come to accept violence as a conflict resolving tactic not only in intimate partnerships but also in their wider lives. …

  7. 2008 HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behavior survey, Jamaica. Report of findings from HIV/AIDS knowledge attitudes and behavior survey, Jamaica 2008

    The Caribbean is second only to sub-Saharan Africa in HIV & AIDS prevalence. Jamaica, the largest island in the English speaking Caribbean island has however been relentless in its efforts to stem the spread of the disease and in 2007 estimated that approximately 1.3% of the adult Jamaican population was infected with two-thirds being unaware of their status. Behavioural surveillance is part of the Ministry of Health's ongoing efforts. …

  8. Assessment of Curriculum Response in 35 countries for the EFA Monitoring Report 2005 "The Quality Imperative"

    This study does not address the level of implementation of HIV/AIDS education, but the framework and conditions set in policies and curricula for curriculum implementation. This analysis will however lead to an evaluation of the likely quality of implementation that may be expected, regarding criteria established through existing research and evaluation. From the analysis of the curriculum, which states goals, intention and, what can be expected to be actually implemented as HIV/AIDS education in schools and class rooms. …

  9. En la intimidad del buen vivir: Una aproximación a conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre ITS, VIH y SIDA de los pueblos indígenas del Ecuador

    Estudio sobre ITS y VIH/sida en pueblos originarios del Ecuador, desagregada por etnias. Se ha dividido el estudio en dos partes, en la primera se plantea un marco general del enfoque de derechos que guía este estudio, y se apuntan varios datos sobre la situación de los pueblos indígenas y el VIH en el país, relacionándola con la realidad internacional, especialmente de la región. …

  10. Canadian Youth, Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Study: Factors influencing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours

    Le présent rapport expose les conclusions d'une étude coordonnée par le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC] et financée par la Stratégie canadienne sur le VIH/sida de Santé Canada. Il s'agit d'un portrait contemporain du comportement sexuel des adolescents et adolescentes. Plus précisément, il a pour but d'améliorer la compréhension des facteurs qui contribuent à la santé sexuelle des jeunes Canadiens et Canadiens, en explorant les déterminants socioculturels, socio-environnementaux et interpersonnels du comportement sexuel des jeunes. …

  11. Levers of success: case studies of national sexuality education programmes

    A growing body of evidence exists to demonstrate what constitutes an effective school-based sexuality education programme. The factors that contribute to successful implementation of effective school-based sexuality education at regional, country or local levels - so-called "levers of success" - are less clear. These are the focus of this publication. The term levers of success is used to describe the conditions and actions that have been found to be conducive to the introduction or implementation of sexuality education. Such levers are both general and specific. …

  12. Actitudes, informaciones y conductas en relación con el VIH-sida en la población general

    Estudio en profundidad sobre comportamiento sexual y prevención del VIH en Argentina (inicio de relaciones sexuales, cantidad de parejas, uso de preservativo, tipo de parejas, sexo a cambio de dinero, sexo entre hombres, acceso al sistema de salud, etc.). Además incluye la problemática del embarazo y la discriminación. Incluye un anexo donde los resultados se comparan con estudios similares realizados en Brasil y Chile.

  13. Resultados del Diagnóstico de Necesidades en Poblaciones Transgéneros

    Se realiza un diagnóstico cualitativo con el fin de conocer las necesidades de la población transgénero contactada en Quito y Guayaquil, durante el último trimestre de 2007 y primero de 2008. Se analizan las conductas de riesgo para la infección por VIH y orientar intervenciones ajustadas a la realidad del grupo poblacional para la prevención de su transmisión. Para la ejecución de la investigación se contó con la participación directa de personas transgéneros. …

  14. Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre métodos de planificación familiar, VIH-SIDA y el uso de los medios de comunicación en jóvenes

    Investigación sobre prácticas y actitudes de los jóvenes sobre VIH/SIDA y consumo de medios de comunicación entre adolescentes escolarizados de 12 a 18 años en Palmira, Colombia.

  15. Juventudes e sexualidade

    Youth and Sexuality” aims at understanding how students, parents and the technical and pedagogical staff of schools perceive the issues related to juvenile sexuality, such as the sexual initiation of young people, teenage pregnancy, contraceptives, abortion, violence, prejudices and discrimination. The study was conducted in 14 Brazilian capital-cities, targeting public and private schools, both elementary and secondary. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used, applying questionnaire, individual and focal group interviews techniques. …

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