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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Educating girls: Creating a foundation for positive sexual and reproductive health behaviors

    Investments that promote keeping girls in school, particularly in secondary school, have far-reaching and long-term health and development benefits for individuals, families, and communities. The purpose of this brief is to describe the relationship of girls’ education on family planning and reproductive health and behaviors; highlight evidence-based practices that increase girls’ enrollment, retention, and participation in school; and provide recommendations for how the health sector can support keeping girls in school.

  2. Strengthening the enabling environment for women and girls: what is the evidence in social and structural approaches in the HIV response?

    There is growing interest in expanding public health approaches that address social and structural drivers that affect the environment in which behaviour occurs. Half of those living with HIV infection are women. The sociocultural and political environment in which women live can enable or inhibit their ability to protect themselves from acquiring HIV. …

  3. Comportements sexistes et violences sexuelles : prévenir, repérer, agir. Guide ressources collèges et lycées

    Cette publication à destination des équipes éducatives des collèges et des lycées propose : un état des lieux des violences sexuelles en France et des différentes formes de violences en milieu scolaire, des définitions et des rappels juridiques relatifs au sexisme, aux violences à caractère sexuel, aux mariages forcés et aux mutilations sexuelles féminines, un chapitre sur le rôle de l'École et la prévention, des ressources utiles.

  4. Broadening gender: Why masculinities matter. Attitudes, practices and gender-based violence in four districts in Sri Lanka

    In order to bridge the gap in evidence-based studies of masculinities in Sri Lanka, CARE International Sri Lanka undertook, together with Partners for Prevention (P4P), a UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV regional joint programme for gender-based violence prevention in Asia and the Pacific, a study on men’s knowledge, practices and social attitudes toward gender and gender-based violence. This study brings out key risk factors in relation to violence against women, childhood trauma and men’s own experience of violence. …

  5. Education and risky sex in Africa: Unraveling the link between women’s education and reproductive health behaviors in Kenya

    Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …

  6. Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men's Childhood Experiences of Violence. Analyzing Data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey

    Great numbers of men report experiencing violence as children and these experiences have significant lifelong effects, according to the new analysis of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) dataset included in this report. Adult men who were victims or witnesses of domestic violence as children, for instance, likely come to accept violence as a conflict resolving tactic not only in intimate partnerships but also in their wider lives. …

  7. Gender differences in KAP related to HIV/AIDS among freshmen in Afghan universities

    This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the level of knowledge, perception/attitude, and practices related to HIV among 1,054 freshmen students in four Afghan universities differences between genders. A probability, two stage sampling method was used. Data were collected by a self administered structured questionnaire. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Most of respondents were male (72.1%), their average age was 20.1 ± 2 years, and most were unmarried (93.4%). …

  8. Gender-based violence and HIV: technical brief

    The brief is informed by: 1) a review of the most recent research findings on the intersection of GBV and HIV; 2) promising practices documented in the program literature; and 3) telephone interviews with select program implementers.

  9. Technical Brief: Integrating Gender into Most At-Risk Populations

    Gender inequity is a fundamental driver in the HIV epidemic, and integrating strategies to address gender inequity and change harmful gender norms is an increasingly important component of HIV programs. Integrating gender strategies into programs targeting most-at-risk populations (MARPs) which include men who have sex with men, transgender people, injecting drug users, and male, female and transgender sex workers, whether in mixed or concentrated epidemic countries is much less prevalent. …

  10. Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region

    This study presents evidence linking the spread of HIV with gender inequality in law and in custom in Pacific Island countries and territories. It suggests recommendations based on the findings, proposing policy responses and programme approaches which can and should be fundamental to fighting the spread of HIV in Pacific Island countries and territories. …

  11. The HIV/AIDS Epidemic: An Inherent Gender Issue

    A decade ago women seemed to be on the periphery of the epidemic, today they are at the epicentre. In fact, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is taking its toll on everyone, but women are impacted more. This leaflet argues that actions to resolve this issue is not simply a matter of justice or fairness, because gender inequality is fatal. It explains that effects of campaigns are limited, unless women are involved.

  12. Start with a girl. A new agenda for global health. A girls count report on adolescent girls

    Start with a Girl: A New Agenda for Global Health sheds light on the realities of girls' health and wellbeing in developing countries, on the links between the health of girls and the prospects for their families, and on the specific actions that will improve health prospects for millions. This report describes the most prevalent and serious health problems adolescent girls face in developing countries, linking them to a combination of specific public-health risks and social determinants of health. …

  13. Building a gender friendly school environment: a toolkit for educators and their unions

    Building a gender Friendly School Environment is edited by Education International, Education Development Center, and the World Health Organization in 2007. It is a toolkit for educators and their unions for helping them to create a healthy, safe environment in learning institutions for learners of all ages. The goal is to challenge and change negative gender stereotyping and gender inequalities in all aspects of learning institutions and to promote equal opportunities for female and male learners to develop a healthy gender identity and complete a quality basic education. …

  14. Sex is not power

    The key messages of the poster are that having sex does not need any special power or ability and that the capacity to have sex with and satisfy women is not the essence of manhood.

  15. Genre et Sida

    L'étude fait le bilan des connaissances sur les différences dues au genre dans la prévalence et l'incidence du VIH ainsi que la mortalité par le Sida. Elle analyse aussi les différents facteurs de risque épidémiologiques, biologiques et comportementaux

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