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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The fifth South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2017 (SABSSM V)

    The Fifth South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey, (SABSSM V), a population-based cross-sectional survey of households in South Africa, was designed to assess the prevalence and trends of key HIV–related indicators. The survey was conducted between January and December 2017 by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and provides information on national and sub-national progress toward HIV epidemic control in the country. This report summarizes the HIV epidemic and impact of South Africa’s national HIV response.

  2. Kenya fast-track plan to end HIV and AIDS along adolescents and young people

    Goal: To fast-track the HIV response to end new HIV infections, AIDS related deaths and stigma and discrimination in adolescents and young people. Objectives of this fast-track plan: 1. To reduce new HIV infections among adolescents and young people by 40%; 2. To reduce AIDS related deaths among adolescent and young people by 15%; 3. To reduce stigma and discrimination by 25%. Target beneficiaries: The target beneficiary populations are adolescent boys and girls aged 10 – 19 years and young people, particularly women, aged 20 – 24 years. …

  3. Public discourse on HIV/AIDS: an archival analysis of national newspaper reporting in Uganda, 1996–2011

    Uganda is recognised as an early success story in the HIV epidemic at least in part due to an open and vigorous national dialogue about HIV prevention. This study examined the national discourse about HIV, AIDS, and young people in New Vision, Uganda's leading national newspaper between 1996 and 2011, building from a previous archival analysis of New Vision reporting by Kirby (1986-1995). We examined the continuing evolution in the public discourse in Uganda, focusing on reporting about young people. …

  4. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH et le sida 2014-2017

    Le présent PSN a pour vision «une génération sans sida» en RDC. Cinq axes stratégiques déterminent les résultats d’impacts, des effets et des produits à atteindre avec les interventions stratégiques au cours de la période 2014–2017. Ces axes portent sur : La prévention de la transmission du VIH et des IST ; L’élimination de la transmission de VIH de la mère à l’enfant ; L’amélioration de l’accès aux soins et traitement ; La promotion d’un environnement favorable aux personnes vivant avec le VIH et personnes affectées ; Le soutien à la mise en œuvre du PSN.

  5. South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012

    Currently 6.4 million people in South Africa live with HIV, this figure represents a quarter of the burden of HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa and 18 per cent of the global burden. With this view, the South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012 is a crucial report for government, policy makers and other stakeholders as they work towards reducing the HIV epidemic in South Africa. This 2012 HIV survey is the fourth in the series of national population-based surveys. The survey was conducted from December 2011 to November 2012. …

  6. National aboriginal youth strategy on HIV and AIDS in Canada: For First Nations, Inuit and Métis youth from 2010 to 2015

    La Stratégie nationale de la jeunesse autochtone sur le VIH et le sida au Canada sert de guide et offre une approche globale pour les peuples autochtones du Canada, afin de diminuer les taux élevés du VIH et du sida, en particulier chez les jeunes autochtones. La SNJAVSC a été élaborée grâce aux conseils et aux suggestions des jeunes engagés, qui siègent au Conseil national de la jeunesse autochtone sur le VIH et le sida. Le succès de la SNJAVSC dépend de la collaboration avec le RCAS et ses partenaires et de la participation significative continue des jeunes autochtones du Canada dans l'élaboration des décisions, de la politique, de la programmation, de l'éducation et des approches liées aux questions du VIH et du sida. Les points forts et les déterminants sociaux de la santé des jeunes autochtones ont été exposés dans des approches basées sur les droits de l’homme et sur la diminution des effets négatifs. Lors de la mise en pratique de la SNJAVSC, il est fortement recommandé de mettre en oeuvre ses stratégies, ses objectifs et ses buts. Plus important encore, une approche intégrée, collaborative, culturellement pertinente et adaptée aux jeunes est au coeur de la réussite de la SNJAVSC. Cette stratégie est délivrée par le RCAS, avec des orientations et des conseils émis par des jeunes autochtones, afin d’améliorer la santé et le bien-être des personnes atteintes et affectées par le VIH et le sida au Canada.

  7. Aboriginal strategy on HIV/AIDS in Canada II: for First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples from 2009 to 2014

    Ce document est une ressource pour tous les intervenants participant à l’intervention face au VIH/sida au sein de la collectivité autochtone. Il est conçue de manière à souligner les domaines stratégiques d’intervention avec des objectifs clés et des résultats globaux. Après la présentation des domaines stratégiques, il y a des suggestions sur la façon dont les divers « secteurs » peuvent participer afin de faire progresser la stratégie.

  8. CARE Canada HIV/AIDS Strategy: Addressing the social, economic and health dimensions of the epidemic

    CARE travaille dans les pays les plus touchés par le VIH et le sida. Dans 25 pays, ses efforts pour combattre les nombreux effets de la maladie se concrétisent par des projets consacrés spécifiquement à la lutte contre le VIH/sida. Ces projets sont complétés par des initiatives, en matière de VIH/sida, qui s’inscrivent dans le cadre des douzaines d’autres projets menés dans plusieurs autres pays en de nombreux secteurs, notamment en agriculture et en éducation. En reconnaissance du fait que le Canada est également touché, CARE met en place des politiques et des programmes destinés à ses propres employés. Ce document présente précisement la stratégie de CARE sur le VIH/SIDA.

  9. Behaviour Change Communication for HIV Prevention in Barbados - A Proposal for Strategy

    The following five‐year behaviour change communication strategy proposes a plan to achieve a shift in behaviour adoption that is required if a change in the progress of the epidemic is to be achieved. …

  10. South Africans take action. Key findings of the third South African National HIV Communication survey, 2012

    The Third South African National HIV Communication Survey (NCS) was jointly conducted by Johns Hopkins Health and Education in South Africa (JHHESA), loveLife and Soul City, with funding from PEPFAR through USAID. The survey was managed by Health and Development Africa and field work was conducted by Freshly Ground Insights. Data analysis was jointly conducted by Health and Development Africa and Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs. …

  11. HIV prevention interventions in Trinidad and Tobago: mapping of work conducted in HIV prevention from 2004-2010

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) continues to be a major public health concern in Trinidad and Tobago. In keeping with the UNAIDS global thrust of examining HIV prevention in order to halt HIV transmission and "Scale-Up" the response, Trinidad and Tobago has conducted a review of its HIV prevention efforts for the period 2004-2010 to guide the way forward in HIV prevention.

  12. Mobilizing communities around HIV prevention for youth: how three coalitions applied key strategies to bring about structural changes

    Increasingly, HIV prevention efforts must focus on altering features of the social and physical environment to reduce risks associated with HIV acquisition and transmission. Community coalitions provide a vehicle for bringing about sustainable structural changes. This article shares lessons and key strategies regarding how three community coalitions located in Miami and Tampa, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico engaged their respective communities in bringing about structural changes affecting policies, practices and programs related to HIV prevention for 12-24-year-olds. …

  13. HIV/AIDS knowledge and behaviour: have information campaigns reduced HIV infection? The case of Kenya

    AIDS continues to have a devastating effect on developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of a proven effective vaccine to stop HIV transmission has led to much of public policy putting an emphasis on information campaigns in order to reduce HIV-prevalence. In this paper we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS-knowledge from two sides. First, we examine to what extent the campaigns have been successful at inducing the expected behavioural change with regards to HIV-related attitudes. Second, we examine the impact of HIV/AIDS knowledge on HIV status. …

  14. Do stigma, blame and stereotyping contribute to unsafe sexual behaviour? A test of claims about the spread of HIV/AIDS arising from social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model

    In the context of social representation theory and the AIDS risk reduction model, it has been claimed that stigmatizing, blaming and stereotyping attitudes make people feel less at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, and that this, in turn, results in them taking fewer precautions in their sexual behaviour. Previous research has failed to provide convincing evidence to support these claims. The present study provided a test of the claims that addressed some of the methodological issues identified in the earlier research. …

  15. HIV behaviour change communication framework (Ethiopia)

    The HIV/AIDS Behavioral Change Communication Framework has 11 parts. The document reviews the national Response to the Pandemic highlighted in SPM II; defines basic BCC-related concepts; analyzes the current HIV-related BCC activities; and guides users on how to use the framework in implementing BCC activities effectively. The intended audience and their profile for this document have been listed including the communication objectives and key messages for each section in the document. …

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