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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge and Attitudes of Palestinian Women in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

    This document tries to explore Palestinian women's knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/ AIDS. Methods: Data used in this study were collected as a part of the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2004 in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). Results: Most of the women in the OPT (93.4%) had heard of AIDS. They had fair general knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention methods and transmission. TV was the main source of information about HIV/AIDS. Among the determinants of HIV/AIDS knowledge identified by this study were education, region, and locality. …

  2. En la intimidad del buen vivir: Una aproximación a conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre ITS, VIH y SIDA de los pueblos indígenas del Ecuador

    Estudio sobre ITS y VIH/sida en pueblos originarios del Ecuador, desagregada por etnias. Se ha dividido el estudio en dos partes, en la primera se plantea un marco general del enfoque de derechos que guía este estudio, y se apuntan varios datos sobre la situación de los pueblos indígenas y el VIH en el país, relacionándola con la realidad internacional, especialmente de la región. …

  3. AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Behavior, and Practices: A Survey of 6 Chinese Cities

    This survey investigates knowledge, attitudes, behavior and practices (KAB/P) among different segments of society in six important Chinese cities Kunming, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Beijing. The survey was conducted by Renmin University with financial and technical support from UNAIDS, the Global Business Coalition on HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (GBC), and Ogilvy. …

  4. Actitudes, informaciones y conductas en relación con el VIH-sida en la población general

    Estudio en profundidad sobre comportamiento sexual y prevención del VIH en Argentina (inicio de relaciones sexuales, cantidad de parejas, uso de preservativo, tipo de parejas, sexo a cambio de dinero, sexo entre hombres, acceso al sistema de salud, etc.). Además incluye la problemática del embarazo y la discriminación. Incluye un anexo donde los resultados se comparan con estudios similares realizados en Brasil y Chile.

  5. The era of ARV (anti-retroviral) in the generalised HIV epidemic in Thailand: Research approaches

    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the sexual behavior of Thais. It draws primarily upon the 2006 National Sexual Behavioral Survey, which is a nationally representative survey of Thai adults. The emphasis of individual chapters is on risk behaviors, with the chapters analyzing risk behaviors in relation to HIV policy and programs. The book also provides a welcome addition to the literature on HIV policy and programs at an opportune time. …

  6. Community reaction to older age parental AIDS caregivers and their families: evidence from Cambodia

    This article examines community reaction in Cambodia to families from the perspective of parents of adults who died of AIDS or currently receive antiretroviral therapy. Survey evidence and open-ended interviews reveal a mixture of reactions related to social relations, interactions with local officials, gossip, business patronage, funeral participation, and orphaned grandchildren. Positive support is often dominant and reactions typically improve substantially over time. Misplaced fears of contagion through casual contact underlie most negative reactions. …

  7. Build it and they will come. Lessons from the Northern Economic Corridor: Migrating HIV and other diseases

    This report examines the impact on the local people of an important infrastructure project in northwest Lao - the upgrade of Route 3, which forms part of the northern economic corridor linking Thailand with China. The report also outlines the implications for future HIV mitigation programs, and recommends ways to ensure that future programs maximize the good that infrastructure development brings and minimize negative impacts.

  8. Changes in HIV-related knowledge and behaviors in sub-Saharan Africa

    The purpose of this study is to provide strategic information on key HIV-related indicators for program managers and policymakers to monitor and evaluate prevention programs and to design new strategies. The report summarizes levels and recent changes in 69 indicators of HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of women and men age 15-49 in 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Data come from the two most recent rounds of population-based, nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted between 1992 and 2006. …

  9. Zambia HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    The purpose of this epidemic, response and policy synthesis is to provide an overall analysis of the HIV epidemic and response in Zambia by drawing together, triangulating and reconciling various and different data sources in order to make recommendations as to how the response could be improved. …

  10. Uganda HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    The authors used the standard Modes of Transmission methodology as described in the UNAIDS/GAMET guidelines. They consulted recent reviews of the epidemiology of HIV in Uganda and reviewed recent available data, applied the UNAIDS incidence model to predict the distribution of new infections, used the MoT prevention review tool to describe the current prevention policies and programs and reviewed the current allocation of resources for HIV prevention. …

  11. Swaziland HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    NERCHA (National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS), MOHSW (Ministry of Health and Social Welfare), UNAIDS and GAMET/World Bank are collaborating in a capacity development process to support an evidence based review of Swaziland's epidemiological situation (Know Your Epidemic, KYE) and the national HIV prevention response (Know Your Response, KYR). The process for the KYE was an in-depth review of available epidemiological data from Swaziland and the sub-region, and application of the UNAIDS incidence estimation model. …

  12. Kenya HIV prevention response and modes of transmission analysis

    For the study in Kenya, (similar studies in Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Uganda, and Zambia) HIV epidemiological data and incidence modelling data (from the UNAIDS Modes of Transmission Model) were analysed together to obtain an epidemiological synthesis (Know Your Epidemic, KYE synthesis), while the HIV prevention review and resources data were analysed together to obtain an HIV response synthesis or "Know Your Response" (KYR) synthesis. …

  13. Enhancing financial literacy, HIV/AIDS skills, and safe social spaces among vulnerable South African youth

    South Africa is disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The country has less than one percent of the world's 15-24-year-olds, yet these young people account for approximately 14 percent of all global HIV infections among this age group. Young women are at particular risk among 15-24 year-olds, four times as many females as males are living with HIV (16.9 percent versus 4.4 percent) and girls are becoming infected at much faster rates than boys. …

  14. HIV/AIDS strategic plan 2004 - 2008. Cyprus. Draft proposal.

    The National AIDS Programme (NAP) has been implemented since 1986 through a series of strategic plans that had been prepared by the Ministry of Health (MoH) with the assistance of the World Health Organization (WHO). The situation and response analysis for this strategic plan, which covers the period between 2004-2008, draws on an analysis of official reports and data on the HIV/AIDS situation and in Cyprus on related factors. …

  15. The ABCs and beyond: developing and operations research agenda on comprehensive behavior change approaches for HIV prevention. Report from a technical meeting

    A report of a one-day Technical Meeting organized by the HORIZONS Program in April 2003 with the main objective to develop and set priorities for an operations research agenda on outstanding questions about effective behaviour change strategies for HIV risk reduction, particularly those that focus on what have been called the "ABC" behaviours: Abstinence or delayed sexual initiation, Be faithful/reducing number of partners, and Condom.

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