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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  2. Protecting the next generation in Ghana. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body ofresearch that highlights the unmet sexual and reproductive health needs of 12-19-year-olds in Ghana. The results point to specific areas in which interventions for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health might be targeted, and suggest that increased and sustained investment in sexual and reproductive health care for adolescents may provide enormous returns. …

  3. The case for investing in young people : as part of a national poverty reduction strategy

    This publication focuses on national efforts to reduce poverty and presents seven arguments for why national public policy makers should give more attention to young people, if these efforts are to be successful. This paper offers a conceptual framework to work out what arguments and supporting evidence in relation to young people are likely to be most appropriate to apply in the context of developing or refining a national poverty reduction strategy. This document is available online at http://www.unfpa.org/upload/lib_pub_file/424_filename_Investing.pdf#

  4. Does audio-CASI improve reports of risky behaviour?: evidence from a randomized field trial among male youth in urban India

    This study compares the effectiveness of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (Audio-CASI) with face-to-face interviews and self-administered questionnaires in collecting sensitive information on risky sexual and other behaviors among young men in urban India. A randomized study design compared data collected from 900 male college students using the three data-collection approaches and from 600 young men residing in slums using Audio-CASI and face-to-face interviews. …

  5. Study of young men's sexual behaviour. Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. August-November 2004

    This study (one of the few of its kind conducted in Laos) provides a wealth of information on the sexual behaviour of young men, which could guide future HIV prevention programs. While the survey only looks at the attitudes and activities of men living and working in Vientiane, it nonetheless illuminates both important similarities and differences in Lao male behaviour compared to men in other countries, including countries in the immediate region.

  6. The potential of comprehensive sex education in China: findings from Suburban Shanghai

    This study examines the impact of a comprehensive sex education program carried out in a Shanghai suburb with unmarried 15-24 year-olds over a period of 20 months. Though participation in the intervention was not associated with delayed sexual initiation, it was associated with increased odds of contraceptive use and condom use, and with decreased odds of sexual coercion during the intervention period. Additionally, the proportion of youth reporting pregnancy involvement during the intervention period was significantly lower in the intervention group than among controls.

  7. Choose a future! Issues and options for adolescent boys in India: a source book of participatory learning activities

    Choose a Future! is targeted at 10 to 19-year-old boys. It seeks to develop supportive relationships, expand analysis skills, decision-making, problem solving and negotiating skills and to increase access to resources. It is also designed to promote gender equality as well as tolerance, appreciation and diversity in order to prevent communal violence. The curricula are articulated around activities such as discussion, reflection and role-play to help participants apply their new knowledge and skills to their own situation. …

  8. In their own right: addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of men worldwide

    The report provides the overall view of men's sexual and reproductive behaviour worldwide and drawing out the health programme implications of that information. Focusing on men 15-54 years old in 23 countries that represent all regions of the world, the report examines men's needs for health information and reproductive health services, and identifies obstacles that prevent men from receiving those services.

  9. Wise guys : male oriented teen pregnancy program

    An eight-to-ten-week programme designed for use with young men ages 10-19 years old, focuses on sexual responsibilities, family communication, positive life options. The guides, adapted from "Life Planning education" contain exercises and activities in areas such as setting goals, self-esteem, values, parenthood and making decisions.

  10. Masculinity for boys: resource guide for peer educators

    This booklet is on re-defining masculinity includes creating awareness on the gender and sexual roles of men and how they harm men.

  11. Adolescent family life education: review of curriculum. Final report

    The report presents the result of investigation and review of written materials in the form of books, reports, journals on adolescent life education from different organizations in Bangladesh.

  12. Action for adolescent health: towards a common agenda. Recommendations from a joint study group

    The Study Group reviewed the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of key interventions for adolescent health; highlighted the essential factors and strategies needed to establish, implement and sustain programmes for adolescent health; developed a common framework for country programming; recommended priority actions to accelerate and strengthen programming for adolescent health, including the global and regional support needed for country-level programming.

  13. Women's empowerment and reproductive health : links throughout the life cycle

    After describing the international consensus reached in Beijing about empowering women and ending gender inequality, and defining key human rights concepts, the report examines key issues related to reproductive health and rights that affect women throughout their lives. Topics covered include: Early life chances, The mutual relationship between reproductive health and education, Adolescence and the transition to adulthood, Marriage and the family, Labour force participation and employment, Reproductive health and violence and Issues affecting the health of older women

  14. What about boys? : a literature review on the health and development of adolescent boys

    The document presents a review of existing and available literature on adoelscent boys and their health development and analysis of this research for programme and policy implications. The document also describes what is special about adolescent boys and their developmental and health needs. Areas where additional research is needed was also highlighed.

  15. A time between: Health, sexuality and reproductive rights of young people

    This advocacy booklet focuses on a time between health, sexuality and reproductive rights of young people. …

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