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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Understanding teenage fertility, cohabitation, and marriage: the case of Peru

    This paper intends to contribute to the economic literature that investigates the origins of teenage pregnancy and early marriage/co habitation in Peru and to improve understanding of the risk factors of one important gender-related issue that has historically provoked asymmetric costs for boys and girls. …

  2. Feasibility trial of a film-based educational intervention for increasing boys’ and girls’ intentions to avoid teenage pregnancy: Study protocol

    The World Health Organisation, amongst others, recognises that adolescent men have a vital yet neglected role in reducing teenage pregnancies and that there is a pressing need for educational interventions designed especially for them. This study seeks to fill this gap by determining the feasibility of conducting an effectiveness trial of the If I Were Jack intervention in post-primary schools. This 4-week intervention aims to increase teenagers’ intentions to avoid unintended pregnancy and addresses gender inequalities in sex education by explicitly focusing on young men. …

  3. Best practices for youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services in schools

    This document provides recommendations for school nurses and health center staff on nine essential components of youth-friendly services – confidentiality, respectful treatment, integrated services, culturally appropriate care, easy access to care, free or low cost services, reproductive and sexual health care, services for young men, and promoting parent-child communication.

  4. School culture and the well-being of same-sex attracted youth

    This study assesses how variations in heteronormative culture in high schools affect the well-being of same-sex-attracted youth. The authors focus on the stigmatization of same-sex attraction (rather than identity or behavior) to better understand how heteronormativity may marginalize a wide range of youth. …

  5. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  6. Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)

    This report summarizes multi-country findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), a comprehensive household questionnaire on men's attitudes and practices - along with women's opinions and reports of men's practices - on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18 to 59 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. …

  7. Advancing promising program and research/evaluation practices for evidence-based programs reaching very young adolescents: a review of the literature

    This paper reviews and describes research practices and program interventions addressing the sexual and reproductive health of very young adolescents (VYA) and identifies promising program components and research/evaluation practices. The paper is not exhaustive but serves as a tool for further discussion of what is needed in VYA programming and research

  8. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  9. Hombres jóvenes por el fin de la violencia: manual para facilitadores y facilitadoras

    Este manual es una herramienta que permitirá trabajar con hombres jóvenes y adolescentes en la promoción de la convivencia y en la prevención de la violencia, incluyendo la violencia de género. Este manual se enfoca en tres dimensiones: - Hombres jóvenes y emociones: sus manifestaciones e implicancias para la convivencia entre las personas. - La socialización de género y su impacto en las construcciones de las masculinidades de los hombres jóvenes. - Los diversos tipos de violencia y sus consecuencias en hombres jóvenes y en quienes los rodean. …

  10. Derecho a la salud, a la educación y a la participación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes privados de su libertad

    Estudio de la situación del VIH/sida desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos de niñas, niños y adolescentes (13 a 18 años) privados de libertad en la provincia de Tucumán, Argentina. Se analiza la legislación vigente incluyendo Tratados y Pactos internacionales, leyes nacionales y provinciales. Se evalúa la atención médica recibida en los centros en los que están recluidos. …

  11. Plan Nacional Contra la Explotación Sexual Comercial de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes

    Descripción general del Plan Nacional Contra la Explotación Sexual Comercial de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes preparado por el gobierno de Costa Rica. Situación a nivel nacional, líneas de acción y objetivos. Tareas de prevención y marco legal, incluyendo reformas necesarias para combatir este problema. Labores de represión y atención a víctimas.

  12. Construyendo derechos. Talleres de conversación para adolescentes

    Guía de talleres para promover la conversación entre adolescentes, integrando la cultura juvenil, la cotidianeidad de los y las adolescentes, las relaciones de género en la sexualidad y la salud reproductiva de hombres y mujeres adolescentes. La propuesta de talleres aborda aquellos nudos que pueden permitir a las y los adolescentes avanzar en autonomía y equidad, e identifica elementos concretos para activar procesos de reflexión de la propia práctica a través de las conversaciones entre pares.

  13. Aids nas Escolas - Encarte Ciência Hoje

    Este documento foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. E um material de apoio à pesquisa dos alunos do Ensino Fundamental (Básico) sobre a temática do HIV/SIDA ensinada em sala de aula. O documento contém 6 livretes com desenhos e textos que tratam de vários temas em relação ao HIV/SIDA. 1) Pequeno diário sobre Virus e sida (Vírus : o que são? como entram no organismo? que doenças podem provocar?) 2) Pequenos comentários sobre o nosso sistema de defesa (anticorpos : o que são? …

  14. Young men as equal partners (YMEP)

    This publication provides "knowledge, values and understanding of issues on sexuality to boys and young men". It centres on the deconstruction of gender stereotypes that lead to lack of communication and risk behaviour, and advocates a positive view of sexuality to empower individuals to make healthy, respectful and responsible choices. The authors believe that, in order to achieve behaviour change, sex education programmes must be "realistic and closer to the realities and feelings" of young people. …

  15. Wise guys : male oriented teen pregnancy program

    An eight-to-ten-week programme designed for use with young men ages 10-19 years old, focuses on sexual responsibilities, family communication, positive life options. The guides, adapted from "Life Planning education" contain exercises and activities in areas such as setting goals, self-esteem, values, parenthood and making decisions.

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