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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. "My teacher said I had a disease": barriers to the right to education for LGBT youth in Vietnam

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth in Vietnam face stigma and discrimination at home and at school. Many experience verbal harassment and bullying, which in some cases leads to physical violence. Teachers are often untrained and ill-equipped to handle cases of anti-LGBT discrimination. …

  2. Be a buddy, not a bully! Experiences of sexual and gender minority youth in Tamil Nadu schools

    Education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights. However, learning environments are not always inclusive and safe places. They can be sites of physical, verbal, psychological and sexual violence, and social exclusion. For children and young people who are perceived as ‘different’ and who do not fit into dominant cultures in societies, schools can actually be alienating and marginalizing spaces. …

  3. School-related violence and bullying on the basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity or Expression (SOGIE): synthesis report on China, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam

    This synthesis report is informed by findings from four individually-developed country briefs on violence on the basis of SOGIE in schools in China, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam. It aims to raise awareness and mobilize support for advocacy among educators, research institutions, policy makers and activists at the national and regional levels.

  4. Behind the numbers: ending school violence and bullying

    School-related violence in all its forms, including bullying, is an infringement of children’s and adolescents’ rights to education and health and well-being.

  5. Reaching out: preventing and addressing school-related gender-based violence in Viet Nam. Volume 1

    Global human rights legislation protects all people against discrimination and violence in education, irrespective of their sex, sexual orientation or gender identity and expression. Viet Nam has committed to a range of global conventions to end school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV).

  6. Reaching out: preventing and addressing SOGIE-related school violence in Viet Nam. Volume 2

    Global human rights legislation protects all people against discrimination and violence in education, irrespective of their sex, sexual orientation or gender identity and expression. Viet Nam has committed to a range of global conventions to end school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV).

  7. "The nail that sticks out gets hammered down": LGBT bullying and exclusion in Japanese schools

    Based on interviews with more than 50 LGBT students and former students in fourteen prefectures throughout Japan—as well as teachers, officials, and academic experts—this report documents bullying, harassment, and discrimination in Japanese schools based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression, and the poor record of schools when it comes to appropriately responding to and preventing such incidents.

  8. LGBT bullying in Cambodia’s schools

    This research report is the outcome of nation-wide research on the bullying faced by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people during their attendance at school in Cambodia, and its long-term effects. The report presents the findings of the nation-wide survey, focus group discussions (FGDs), interviews, and from desk research comprising studies from around the world, and also offers recommendations on how to systematically address the issue of bullying based on sexual orientation and gender identity/expression (SOGIE) in the Cambodian education system. …

  9. From insult to inclusion: Asia-Pacific report on school bullying, violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity

    Within the UN system, UNESCO has been examining SOGIE-based bullying, violence and discrimination in education globally since 2011. This report aims to clarify the situation, the response, and the need for further action in the Asia-Pacific region to ensure inclusive school environments for all learners. …

  10. The capacity of national human rights institutions to address human rights in relation to sexual orientation, gender identity and HIV: Regional report

    This study takes stock of recent developments in a number of South and South-east Asian countries in relation to the issue of sexual orientation and gender identity. It provides a welcome update of positive initiatives from various national human rights institutions, in addressing the discrimination, stigmatization and violations facing individuals and groups who simply wish “to be” what they actually are. These initiatives include research, advocacy, education, public mobilization, and contributions to judicial decisions, laws, policies and other processes to protect human rights.

  11. Bullying targeting secondary school students who are or are perceived to be transgender or same-sex attracted: types, prevalence, impact, motivation and preventive measures in five provinces of Thailand

    The objectives of the study were as follows: To gather evidence on the nature, scale and impact of bullying targeting students who are or are perceived to be same-sex attracted or transgender, attending general secondary schools in 5 provinces of Thailand; To study various aspects of the lifestyles of secondary school students that might be linked to bullying behaviours; To document the availability of existing prevention and support interventions on bullying targeting students who are or are perceived to be same-sex attracted or transgender, including accountability measures for those perpetr …

  12. School violence, bullying and abuse: a human rights analysis

    The Human Rights Commission has long standing concerns about bullying, violence and abuse within schools. In 2008 the Commission received a complaint from parents of students subjected to bullying, violence and abuse by other students within a secondary school. As the Office of the Children's Commissioner had already begun to consider a comprehensive school safety inquiry, the Human Rights Commission undertook to analyse the human rights issues that arise when students are victimised by their peers. …

  13. Establishing an association between rural youth suicide and same-sex attraction

    Recent research into same-sex attracted youth (SSAY) suicide and rural youth suicide suggests there may be an association between the two. A literature review explores this proposal. While contributing issues to rural SSAY suicide, such as homophobia, isolation, avaibility of information, and acknowledgement of issues are discussed, little hard evidence is found to support the rural and SSAY suicide connection. Further and on-going research is recommended into this under-represented topic.

  14. Safety in our schools: strategies for responding to homophobia

    Australian research about young people has found that schools can be very unsafe for students who are, or perceived to be, gay, lesbian, or bisexual. Research has also found that many teachers are reluctant to address issues to do with homosexuality, especially in relation to students. Like the rest of the community, school staff have a range of beliefs and concerns about homosexuality. Unlike the rest of the community, teachers work with many young people from diverse backgrounds representing different values, religious beliefs, and family expectations. …

  15. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth with disabilities: a meta-synthesis

    This meta-synthesis of empirical and nonempirical literature analyzed 24 journal articles and book chapters that addressed the intersection of disability, [homo]sexuality, and gender identity/ expression in P-12 schools, colleges and universities, supported living programs, and other educational and social contexts in Australia, Belgium, Canada, New Zealand, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. …

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