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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. An overview of gay, lesbian and bisexual issues in Botswana

    In Botswana, homosexuality is criminalized, stigmatized, and considered by some to be “un-African.” Unsurprisingly in this context there has been scant research on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) issues. This paper reviews what research has been done in the areas of HIV risk, substance abuse, and mental health; explores the issues facing LGBs in Botswana; and offers recommendations for policy and future research. …

  2. Visibility without being in the spotlight: Some suggestions for primary schools that want to be open for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender families

    There is an increasing number of “rainbow families”: families where one or both parents or/and co-care takers are lesbian, homosexual, bisexual or transgender. Although the upbringing of children in such rainbow families does not differ from heterosexual families, rainbow families often have to deal with specific challenges. They often get negative or prejudiced comments and questions about their family composition. Parents, their children, but also their environment have to learn how to deal with such events. This makes rainbow families different to some extent. …

  3. Creating a PSHE education policy for your school

    This paper will help you write your school’s PSHE education policy. The best policies are produced collaboratively by the people who will be affected by them and should be consulted on widely. This consultation should include pupils themselves where appropriate. The completed policy will serve a number of purposes: - To people unfamiliar with the school, it publicly defines ‘what we believe and how we do things here’; - For people working in the school it offers a clear framework for teaching, protocols to follow, and a ‘tool’ that helps to shape decision-making.

  4. How students’ perceptions of the school climate influence their choice to upstand, bystand, or Join perpetrators of bullying

    The authors of this article, Silvia Diazgranados Ferráns and Robert Selman, use an emergent framework to explore how the rules of the school culture at different perceived school climates affect early adolescents’ decisions to upstand, bystand, or join the perpetrators when they witness peer aggression and bullying. Through a grounded theory approach, they revisit interview data from twenty-three eighth graders in four middle schools, with the aim of building on previous research and refining their theoretical framework to guide future research on bullying. …

  5. Que faire pour agir contre le harcèlement dans mon collège ou mon lycée ? Guide à destination des personnels du second degré

    Le harcèlement est présent dans tous les établissements, sous des formes variées. Il est parfois difficile à déceler. Le 26 novembre 2013, une nouvelle campagne pour lutter contre le harcèlement à l’école a été lancée. Elle repose sur 4 axes: sensibiliser, former, prévenir, et prendre en charge. Cette campagne nationale a pour objectif d’accompagner les écoles et établissements scolaires dans la mise en oeuvre d’une politique de prévention du harcèlement conformément au rapport annexé de la loi n°2013-595 d’orientation et de refondation de l’école de la République du 8 juillet 2013. …

  6. The effect of negative school climate on academic outcomes for LGBT youth and the role of in-school supports

    For many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, intolerance and prejudice make school a hostile and dangerous place. This study examined simultaneously the effects of a negative school climate on achievement and the role that school-based supports—safe school policies, supportive school personnel, and gay–straight alliance (GSA) clubs—may have in offsetting these effects. Data were drawn from a survey of a diverse sample of 5,730 LGBT youths who had attended secondary schools in the United States. …

  7. Action on bullying. A review of the effectiveness of action taken by schools to address bullying on the grounds of pupil's protected characteristics

    This report is published in response to a request for advice from the Welsh Government in the Minister’s annual remit letter to Estyn for 2013-2014. The report examines the effectiveness of action taken by schools to address bullying, with particular reference to bullying on the grounds of pupils’ protected characteristics (age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation). The report includes case studies of best practice illustrating how the best practice schools deal with bullying. …

  8. A girl's right to learn without fear: working to end gender-based violence at school

    A major barrier to the achievement of quality education is the existence of gender-based violence in and around schools. While children’s vulnerabilities and experiences vary across and within countries, SRGBV is a global phenomenon. No school is immune to the attitudes and beliefs within the broader community that promote harmful gender norms and condone acts of gender-based violence. The failure to protect children from all forms of violence, including in their school lives, is a violation of their rights, compromising their development and well-being. …

  9. Homophobic bullying in Britain's schools in 2014: The teachers' report

    This report presents the findings from the 1832 primary and secondary school respondents across Britain, a subsection of the total sample of 2163 teaching and non-teaching staff in schools and colleges surveyed by YouGov. The survey asked staff about their experiences of homophobic bullying of pupils in their schools and the inclusion of sexual orientation issues in their classrooms. The respondents are from a range of school types including maintained schools, independent schools, academies and free schools. …

  10. Bullying targeting secondary school students who are or are perceived to be transgender or same-sex attracted: types, prevalence, impact, motivation and preventive measures in five provinces of Thailand

    The objectives of the study were as follows: To gather evidence on the nature, scale and impact of bullying targeting students who are or are perceived to be same-sex attracted or transgender, attending general secondary schools in 5 provinces of Thailand; To study various aspects of the lifestyles of secondary school students that might be linked to bullying behaviours; To document the availability of existing prevention and support interventions on bullying targeting students who are or are perceived to be same-sex attracted or transgender, including accountability measures for those perpetr …

  11. The impact of homophobic and transphobic bullying on education and employment

    In February 2013, the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Youth and Student Organisation (IGLYO) commissioned Eleanor Formby from Sheffield Hallam University (in the UK) to carry out research on the impact of homophobic and transphobic bullying on education and employment in Europe. An online survey used, specifically targeted at a range of countries: Croatia, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, and Poland. The research extends existing literature that often focuses on impacts on mental health and emotional wellbeing. …

  12. Research into the needs of young people in Northern Ireland who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or transgender (LGBT)

    This research has been commissioned by the Department of Education as part of their statutory duty to promote equality of opportunity under Section 75 of the Northern Ireland Act (1998). Analysis of the Census 2001 indicates that between 2 and 10% of the population may be lesbian, gay or bisexual. This would indicated that there are between 12,190 and 60,953 LGB people under 25 years in Northern Ireland. …

  13. Skool’s out

    The Skool's Out initiative was aimed at encouraging effective responses to homophobic harassment and violence in and around schools, both public and private, in New South Wales, Australia. The focus was on safety and security in the school environment for all students, teachers, parents and community members. It was held as part of the 2002 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras and comprised three events: a public Forum, an entry in the Parade and a stall for the Mardi Gras Fair Day. A report and an information card were also produced. …

  14. International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia: Lesson plan

    The lessons contained in this packet provide a means for educators to begin to address homophobic bullying in their school setting. The four activities proposed are aimed at both primary and secondary level classes. A list of resources from other organizations for teachers, for all subjects and all grades is included to enable greater choice of possible activities. …

  15. Discriminations LGBT-phobes à l’école - état des lieux et recommandations

    À l’École, l’homosexualité reste encore trop souvent un tabou. Pourtant, de nombreux jeunes LGBT fréquentent les établissements scolaires. L’âge des "coming out" et de l’affirmation de soi devient plus précoce en raison notamment de la visibilité grandissante de l’homosexualité dans la société, les médias, les séries télé et le cinéma, ainsi que de la possibilité croissante de s’identifier à des modèles (sportifs, acteurs, chanteurs, écrivains, proches). …

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