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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Assessment of capacity for health policy and systems research and analysis in seven African universities: results from the CHEPSAA project

    The importance of health policy and systems research and analysis (HPSR+A) is widely recognized. Universities are central to strengthening and sustaining the HPSR+A capacity as they teach the next generation of decision-makers and health professionals. However, little is known about the capacity of universities, specifically, to develop the field. In this article, the quthors report results of capacity self- assessments by seven universities within five African countries, conducted through the Consortium for Health Policy and Systems Analysis in Africa (CHEPSAA). …

  2. Strengthening contemporary school health, nutrition and HIV prevention programmes. Report of the 8th Annual Africa Short Course

    In June 2012, the Partnership for Child Development (PCD), Imperial College London, in partnership with the Eastern and Southern African Centre for International Parasite Control (ESACIPAC) and West African Centre for International Parasite Control (WACIPAC), delivered the 8th Annual Short Course on Strengthening Contemporary School Health, Nutrition and HIV Prevention Programmes at the Sun ’n’ Sand Beach Resort in Kilifi, Kenya. …

  3. Developing teacher self-efficacy via a formal HIV/AIDS intervention

    This study investigated the effects of a HIV/AIDS module on teachers' sense of self-efficacy regarding their ability to bring about behaviours in their learners which contribute to responsible living and a reduction of the spread of HIV in their communities. The sample was 128 in-service teachers studying in nine different centres in three South African provinces in their second year of a part-time degree in education. …

  4. Accelerating the education sector reponse to HIV in the Federal Republic of Nigeria: a review of five years experience

    In 2007, the Federal Ministry of Education (FME), Nigeria, in collaboration with Action Health Incorporated (AHI), Nigeria, and The Partnership for Child Development (PCD) with assistance from The World Bank School Health and HIV&AIDS Team, undertook this review in order to document how the Government of Nigeria and development partners worked together to build a systematic education sector response to HIV&AIDS in the country. …

  5. A process evaluation of the scale up of a youth-friendly health services initiative in northern Tanzania

    The authors conducted a process evaluation of the 10-fold scale-up of an evaluated youth-friendly services intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania, in order to identify key facilitating and inhibitory factors from both user and provider perspectives. The intervention was scaled up in two training rounds lasting 6 and 10 months. …

  6. Accelerating the Education Sector Response to HIV: Five Years of Experience from Sub-Saharan Africa

    This review was undertaken by the Ministry of Education Focal Points for school health and HIV/AIDS from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa participating in the Accelerate Initiative, together with representatives of stakeholders and partners, using data collated during the 2007 school health and HIV/AIDS Focal Point Survey. …

  7. Facteurs de risque de l'infection à VIH/sida chez la femme

    Ce document étudie les raisons de la situation épidémiologique qui montre une augmentation des cas de sida dans la population hétérosexuelle, avec un pourcentage 3 à 8 fois plus important chez les femmes que chez les hommes. Les auteurs parlent de la plus grande vulnérabilité des femmes vis-à-vis du VIH est due à des facteurs physiologiques et biologiques mais également à des pressions sociales, culturelles et économiques qui ne leur permettent pas d'assurer leur prévention. …

  8. Protocol for Child Counseling on HIV Testing, Disclosure and Support

    This protocol has been developed to meet a need for guidance on counseling of children and their parents/guardians about HIV/AIDS in 30 USAID/FHI projects with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) under the IMPACT project in India. The document is a product of national and international experience on counseling with expert advice gathered through a two-day national meeting of child psychologists, child psychiatrists and social workers, as well as regional meetings with 30 NGOs working with children on HIV/AIDS issues. …

  9. Reproductive Health/HIV and AIDS in Kenya

    Since the year 2000, the German Development Service (DED) has increased its engagement to combat HIV and AIDS through supporting a multisectoral approach in the hardest hit countries in sub-Sahara Africa. 90% of the Kenyan population lack financial resources and local access to adequate Reproductive Health services. This report gives an overview of this situation and analyzes the impact of HIV and AIDS on the public and private sector.áá

  10. The Impact of Sex and HIV Education Programs in Schools and Communities on Sexual Behaviors among Young Adults

    Sex and HIV education programs that are based on a written curriculum and that are implemented among groups of youth in schools, clinics, or other community settings are a promising type of intervention to reduce adolescent sexual risk behaviors. This paper summarizes a review of 83 evaluations of such programs in developing and developed countries. The programs typically focused on pregnancy or HIV/STI prevention behaviors, not on broader issues of sexuality such as developmental stages, gender roles, or romantic relationships. …

  11. Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities

    Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities is a report produced by the Health Resource Centre on behalf of the the British Government's Department for International Development in 2006. This review explores the policy, financing and institutional factors that enable or constrain the integration of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) programmes, with policy and programmes for HIV prevention, and AIDS treatment and care. …

  12. Review on the education sector response to HIV and AIDS in Nepal

    The role of education is important for providing the right educational messages on HIV prevention and mitigation, and reduction of stigma and discrimination against people infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. UNESCO considers it as one important area that the education sector can contribute and make education sector response a low cost and high impact initiative. In case of Nepal, we have no evidence on what the education sector has done to prevent HIV and mitigate its impact. To what level the education sector itself has been impacted by HIV and AIDS is also not known. …

  13. Building Bridges between the School and the Community: an in-depth examination of school and community linkages

    UNESCO Harare Cluster office initiated this study in five countries that are under its responsibility with the aim of documenting best practices on school-community linkages and to advocate for these best practices in the fight against HIV and AIDS. The study dates back to a sub-regional colloquium meeting held in November 2004 in Harare with the theme, Teachers in a World with AIDS. During this meeting, the issue of building linkages between the community and schools was emphasised as an effective way of promoting the teaching profession and the fight against HIV and AIDS. …

  14. A Report of the School/Community Linkages in HIV and AIDS at Serenje Boma Basic and Kafue Day High School

    This is a report of the situation analysis, needs assessment and advocacy activities of the community/school linkages in HIV/AIDS carried out at Serenje Boma Basic and Kafue Day High Schools.Under coordination of the Zambia National Commission for UNESCO, Zambia was selected to take part in the School/Community linkages in HIV/AIDS whose main objective was to strengthen the links between schools and communities in the fight against HIV/AIDS. For this purpose, Serenje Boma Basic and Kafue Day High School were sampled for the programme. …

  15. HIV and AIDS and higher education in Africa: a review of best practice models and trends

    This study, commissioned by the Association of African Universities, was conducted to identify the strengths, constraints and opportunities for addressing the human resource and policy challenges occassioned by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. A sample of between 12 and 15 institutions which exemplified best practices in the response to HIV and AIDS in Africa was identified. In documenting and disseminating these examples, it is hoped that other institutions will benefit from the sharing of new knowledge and contribute to the overall strengthening of the response to the epidemic. …

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