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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Standard Service Delivery Guidelines for Orphans and Vulnerable Children's Care and Support Programs

    The goal of OVC services in an effort to improve the general wellbeing of OVC. The objectives of the OVC Standard Service Delivery Guidelines include: To provide key OVC stakeholders with Standard Service Delivery Guidelines and an 1. implementation guide; To harmonize OVC service delivery thereby increasing access to and quality of care and 2. support; and to contribute to an OVC data management system for OVC issues. The OVC Standard Service Delivery Guidelines document has three parts. The first part deals with the background, guiding principles, and implementation at different levels. …

  2. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health: aiming for results in Burkina Faso

    Officially launched in January 2004, the German-Burkinabe Sexual Health and Human Rights Programme (PROSAD) was chosen for write-up in the German HIV Practice Collection because, over the years, it has become a uniquely sustained, comprehensive and results-driven effort to protect and empower women, youth and children. It has helped raise their own and public awareness of their human rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights, and has provided them with a range of services and mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of those rights.

  3. Promoting quality education for orphans and vulnerable children. A sourcebook of programme experiences in Eastern and Southern Africa

    The Sourcebook documents 12 cases in 6 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa - Kenya, Rwanda, Swaziland, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia - that represent a wide range of approaches designed to address the educational rights and needs of orphans and vulnerable children. The single unifying feature of all of the cases was each intervention's goal of assisting children to exercise their right to education as guaranteed in article 28 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

  4. Children and vulnerability in Tanzania: a brief synthesis

    Ensuring social protection for vulnerable people is a goal of MKUKUTA (the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty) in Tanzania, and children are commonly considered to be among the most vulnerable. REPOA has been involved in analytic work on the vulnerability of children, in part to provide evidence for Government's efforts to develop a national framework for social protection. This special paper synthesises the analysis and draws some conclusions based on this and closely related work.

  5. Rapid assessment: the situation of children in South Africa

    This report is aimed at providing an overview of the situation of children in South Africa, with a focus on the nonfulfilment and violation of children's rights as formulated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment utilises evidence drawn from available literature and interviews with key actors in the South African child rights arena. Based on the opinions of these key respondents, the report provides an overview of key role players in the field, followed by suggestions for possible areas for intervention by international aid agencies. …

  6. When the safety net fails. Children in West and Central Africa and the risk of HIV infection

    This publication looks at children who are vulnerable to HIV infection, providing services to mitigate this vulnerability and to assist those who have already acquired HIV. To explore this, the authors spoke to more than 1,000 children and adolescents aged 8 to 20 years living in communities severely affected by war and displacement, child trafficking, or high HIV mortality - communities in which the social safety net had been severely disrupted. …

  7. Intersecting Risks: HIV/AIDS and Child Labour

    This paper analyses the mutally reinforcing factors that, as a result of HIV infection among adults, contribute to child labour and may place child workers at risk of HIV infection themselves. In some instances, these contextual factors run parallel; in others, they intersect, thereby putting working children at greater risk of HIV infection or of suffering the consequences of infection.

  8. HIV/AIDS and child labour

    As the HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa grows in scope and intensity, the situation of children has become more precarious. Advances in the well-being of children in terms of social welfare and health, achieved over several decades, are being compromised. One significant change has been the impact of HIV/AIDS on child labour, especially in its worst forms. Where children are orphaned by the death of one or both parents, general well-being - including opportunities for schooling, proper nutrition and health care - is adversely affected. …

  9. Combating child labour and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

    The HIV/AIDS pandemic adds a new and tragic dimension to the worst forms of child labour. With the death of one or both parents from HIV/AIDS, millions of children have been orphaned. Millions more will be. Many of these children will find security in the households of relatives. Others, however, will drop out of school, looking for work to survive. An especially harsh burden is placed on the shoulders of the girl child, who often has to provide care and household services for the entire family. …

  10. HIV/AIDS and child labour in Zambia: A rapid assessment on the case of the Lusaka, Copperbelt and Eastern Provinces No.5

    This is a report that aims at examining correlations between the HIV AIDS pandemic and child labour in Zambia. It assesses the extend to which HIV AIDS has had an impact on child labour. It analyses the impact of HIV/AIDS related child labour on the welfare of children, health, education. It assesses gender issues, survival strategies of girls and boys, child labourers awareness and knowledge of HIV. The data is useful for policy and provides intervention strategies on behalf of child labourers. This research was conducted in three provinces; Copperbelt, Eastern, and Lusaka. …

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