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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Breaking vows: early and forced marriage and girls' education

    One in every three girls in the developing world is married by the age of 18. One in seven marries before they reach the age of 15. In countries like Niger, Chad, Mali, Bangladesh, Guinea and the Central African Republic (CAR), the rate of early and forced marriage is 60 per cent and over. It is particularly high in South Asia (46 per cent) and in sub-Saharan Africa (38 per cent). …

  2. Guidance for schools on preventing and responding to sexist, sexual and transphobic bullying. Safe to learn: embedding anti-bullying work in schools, quick guide

    Every child in every school has the right to learn free from the fear of bullying, whatever form that bullying may take. Everyone involved in a child's education needs to work together to ensure this is the case. Sexist, sexual and transphobic bullying occurs when a pupil (or group), usually repeatedly, harms another pupil or intentionally makes them unhappy because of their sex or because they may not be perceived to conform to normal gender roles. The root cause of sexist and sexual bullying is gender inequality.

  3. Transgender children and youth: a child welfare practice perspective

    Using an ecological framework, the existing literature and research, and the authors' combined 60 years of clinical practice with children, youth, and families, this article examines gender variant childhood development from a holistic viewpoint where children, youth, and environments are understood as a unit in the context of their relationship to one another. …

  4. Breaking barriers for orphans and vulnerable children in Kenya

    Breaking Barriers (BB) Project in Kenya was implemented by four partners supported by Plan. The project focus is support, prevention, treatment and care; education, food and nutritional support, school materials and encouragement for orphans and vulnerable children to complete basic education and facilitate access to income generating opportunities. …

  5. Assessment: legal and regulatory framework affecting treatment and services for most-at-risk populations in Ghana

    In recognition of the importance of an enabling legal and policy environment that supports MARPs and their access to services, the Ghana AIDS Commission requested that the United States Agency for International Development - supported Health Policy Initiative conduct a qualitative assessment to develop an understanding of the current legal and policy framework for MARPs. An enabling environment reduces stigma and discrimination (S&D) against MARPs, protects their rights, and ensures that they have access to needed services. …

  6. Progress report for children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The 2009 Progress Report for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS is the second in a periodic series sponsored by UNICEF designed to provide a summary of indicators of the current status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). The objective of this report is to provide an easy-to-use guide to facilitate dialogue among both policymakers and key stakeholders about policies related to orphans and vulnerable children. It presents the 17 indicators described in the Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of the National Response for Children Orphaned and Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS (UNICEF, 2005). …

  7. Suggested Input to 2010 GMR from UNAIDS IATT on Education

    The UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education has established a working group to support the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS issues in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) with the objective of enhancing the profile of the role of education in preventing HIV and in building capacity to respond to the worse impacts of the epidemic. This document was prepared and submitted to the GMR Team to inform the 2010 GMR which is on Reaching and Teaching the Most Marginalised. …

  8. Teachers and HIV and AIDS: reviewing achievements, identifying challenges. Web Forum report

    Teachers have an instrumental role to play in the achievement of the Education for All (EFA) goals, which aim to meet the learning needs of every child, youth and adult by 2015. Without teachers, the endeavour to provide EFA cannot be achieved. Teachers also have a critical role to play in school-based HIV prevention efforts. …

  9. HIV/AIDS, Stigma and Children: A literature review

    This research suggests that stigma and discrimination can exacerbate the material and psychological problems children already face in context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This paper reviews the literature on HIV/AIDS, children and stigma to interrogate the following questions: What is the evidence that HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination directly affects children, both materially and psychologically? How does HIV/AIDS-related stigma impact materially and psychologically, on adult caregivers and household structures supporting children affected by HIV/AIDS? …

  10. Niños, niñas y adolescentes en situación de riesgo a causa del VIH/SIDA

    El presente estudio fue realizado por PROINFANCIA, con el apoyo de UNICEF en 2004. Tiene como propósito estudiar en dos provincias del país cuál es la concordancia entre la situación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes vulnerables por la epidemia y las respuestas que se están dando para darle solución, tanto por parte de las familias como por el Estado y las organizaciones comunitarias. …

  11. The long-run impact of orphanhood

    This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. …

  12. A world fit for children: millennium development goals, special session on children documents, the convention on the rights of the child

    The document contains the commitments that were part of the Special Session on Children: the Millennium Development Goals, early pledged to by all 189 United Nations Member States; the Children's statement, 'A World Fit for Us', delivered at the opening plenary of the Special Session by two young delegates; the consensus outcome documents of the General Assembly, 'A World Fit for Children', with goals and targets to be met; and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, ratified, acceded to a signed by 192 countries in the 12 years since it was first ratified, and the two Optional Protocols t …

  13. Both halves of the sky: gender socialization in the early years

    Both halves of the sky: gender socialization in the early years

  14. Trafficking and girls

    The factsheet presents the world situation of trafficking in girls and suggests key actions to be undertaken. Statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD, Cairo 1994 and Convention on the Rights of the Child are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  15. Partnering: a new approach to sexual and reproductive health

    "Partnering" shows how a global consensus is emerging on how to scale up successful programmes that involve men without diverting scarce resources from women's health. In fact, men are more and more taking ownership of mobilization and advocacy for the emergence of a more gender equitable young man.

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