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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Preservice implementation guide. A process for strengthening preservice education

    This guide was adapted from the WHO document Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI): Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Pre-Service Training (working draft, 2001). The process for strengthening preservice education that this guide describes is aligned with that of WHO, but also presents a broader approach than WHO's focus on IMCI. …

  2. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  3. Scaling up and sustaining community-based care for preschool and schoolage children - successes and challenges in Malawi

    Community-based organizations (CBOs) are an important model for the care of orphans and other vulnerable children whose life and development are threatened by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and poverty. However, data are lacking on the challenges and solutions enabling successful expansion of these programs to the national level. This article presents some of the experiences encountered by Malawi in the expansion of their network of CBOs. …

  4. Equipping parents and health providers to address the psychological and social challenges of caring for children living with HIV in Africa

    The Equipping Parents and Health Providers to Address the Psychological and Social Challenges of Caring for Children Living with HIV activity sought to better understand the psychological and social challenges faced by perinatally-infected children aged 0 to 12 years in Africa, their parents/caregivers, and their health providers. It explored factors that contribute to the ability of children living with HIV to cope and thrive, and identified the tools and approaches being used to help parents/caregivers and health providers provide psychosocial support (PSS) to these children. …

  5. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  6. Nigeria research situation analysis on orphans and other vulnerable children: country brief

    Addressing the needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) and mitigating negative outcomes of the growing OVC population worldwide is a high priority for national governments and international stakeholders across the globe who recognize this as an issue with social, economic, and human rights dimensions. …

  7. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems for Families and Children Impacted by HIV/AIDS: Four Program Case Studies from Kenya and Rwanda

    This document describes four family and community-centered approaches to caring for and treating HIV-affected children and households, three in Rwanda and one in Kenya. The four projects described all share a common commitment to delivery of care in the community rather than limiting provision of care to health facilities. …

  8. Rapid assessment: the situation of children in South Africa

    This report is aimed at providing an overview of the situation of children in South Africa, with a focus on the nonfulfilment and violation of children's rights as formulated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment utilises evidence drawn from available literature and interviews with key actors in the South African child rights arena. Based on the opinions of these key respondents, the report provides an overview of key role players in the field, followed by suggestions for possible areas for intervention by international aid agencies. …

  9. Action for children affected by AIDS: programme profiles and lessons learned

    The publication documents lessons learned in responding to children affected by HIV/AIDS in Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Rwanda, Thailand and the United Kingdom. It is meant for those who carry responsibility for responding to the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS, including policy-makers, programme planners and those working directly with affected individuals and families.

  10. The Current and Future Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on South Africa's Children

    This chapter has three aims. One, to investigate the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic upon the children of South Africa with a focus on health, welfare and education implications. Two, to examine the responses of families, communities, civil society and governments to the crisis confronting the children. Three, to critique those responses and offer alternatives, which may assist in improving the impacts on children.

  11. HIV/AIDS, Lagging Policy Response and Impact on Children: the case of Côte d'Ivoire

    The broad objective of this study is to determine the impact of HIV/AIDS on the child's well-being with a view to identifying the appropriate methods for mitigating these effects and finding objective arguments for making a case for urgent action.These objectives will be met by collecting secondary data though a review of existing documents on the subject on one part and by collecting primary data by a series of field interviews on the other hand. …

  12. Challenging dominant policy paradigms of care for children orphaned by AIDS: dynamic patterns of care in Kwazulu-Natal, Republic of South Africa

    Although caring for children orphaned by AIDS is increasingly acknowledged as a priority area for HIV/AIDS and development programs, there is limited knowledge on caregivers. Rapidly growing numbers of children orphaned by AIDS warrants increased attention from researchers, policy makers, and program planners. This paper explores dominant theoretical and policy paradigms of care for children orphaned by AIDS. …

  13. First Eastern and Southern Africa Regional "Think-tank" on Psychosocial Support for Children Affectected by AIDS

    This is a report on a conference held to discuss the issue of Advocacy on Psychosocial Support for Children Affected by AIDS. This call to action is a result of the gathering of 50 participants, coming from 8 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, representing nongovernmental organisations, institutions of higher learning, church organisations, Southern African Development Community (SADC), UNICEF, UNAIDS, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and youth interested in psychosocial support for children affected by AIDS.

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