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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Identifying and supporting children affected by parental substance use: resource for schools

    When schools and teachers think about ‘drugs’, they may often initially focus on incidents on school grounds and how to respond to them, students at risk of using substances, or perhaps about drug education. However, substance use can impact the lives of young people in many ways, especially if they are affected by problematic drug or alcohol use in their own homes. This resource aims to summarise the key issues for children affected by parental substance use, and how schools can consider supporting them. …

  2. Achieving health promoting schools: Guidelines for promoting health in schools

    A considerable body of evidence has emerged in the last twenty years to inform governments, schools, non-government organisations (NGO’s), teachers, parents and students about effective school health programmes. School programmes that are integrated, holistic and strategic are more likely to produce better health and education outcomes than those which are mainly information-based and implemented only in the classroom. These Guidelines for Promoting Health in Schools identify the basic principles and components of this approach. …

  3. Building Protection and Resilience: Synergies for child protection systems and children affected by HIV and AIDS

    This paper seeks to identify which HIV-specific issues are of relevance to child protection programming, and vice versa. …

  4. Guideline in HIV disclosure counselling for children up to 12 years of age

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidance for health care workers on how to support children up to 12 years of age and their caregivers with disclosure of HIV status. Health care workers (HCWs) know that disclosure decisions are complex because of stigma, social support concerns, family relations, parenting skills and concern about children’s emotional and maturational ability to understand and cope with the nature of the illness. …

  5. Equipping parents and health providers to address the psychological and social challenges of caring for children living with HIV in Africa

    The Equipping Parents and Health Providers to Address the Psychological and Social Challenges of Caring for Children Living with HIV activity sought to better understand the psychological and social challenges faced by perinatally-infected children aged 0 to 12 years in Africa, their parents/caregivers, and their health providers. It explored factors that contribute to the ability of children living with HIV to cope and thrive, and identified the tools and approaches being used to help parents/caregivers and health providers provide psychosocial support (PSS) to these children. …

  6. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  7. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  8. Developing support services for children, young people and families living with HIV: a handbook for service providers

    This resource has been designed to offer information, guidance and support to anyone who has an interest in developing, or already runs, support services for children and young people infected with or affected by HIV. The information will be of use to voluntary and community sector organisations and the statutory sector including social workers, health professionals and youth workers. It was developed through three national consultations with statutory, voluntary and health sector professionals held in London, Birmingham and Leeds at the beginning of 2005. …

  9. Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents. National overview of study on Barriers to services for children with HIV positive parents, Andhra Pradesh Karnataka, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Tamilnadu

    According to the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) India has 5.2 million HIV-positive people and an HIV-prevalence of 0.9 percent of adults - about the same as the global average, or the sero-prevalence in North America, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. India's epidemic is concentrated in some 200 districts, most of them in six of the country's 28 states - namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland and Tamil Nadu - where HIV-prevalence is more than one percent. There are also limited data on the number of children infected with HIV in India. …

  10. Halfway there: a prescription for continued progress in preventing teen pregnancy

    The report reflects some key lessons that the National Campaign has learned in the past five years of intense work on teen pregnancy prevention. It reviews the status of teen pregnancy in the U.S. The report then summarizes ten insights about the challenge of preventing teen pregnancy that the National Campaign gained from its intense interactions with teens and parents, researchers, programme leaders, policy-makers and the media. …

  11. Trafficking and girls

    The factsheet presents the world situation of trafficking in girls and suggests key actions to be undertaken. Statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD, Cairo 1994 and Convention on the Rights of the Child are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  12. Building resilience in children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This handbook is aimed at helping parents, caregivers and teachers to understand children who are nursing a diseased parent or who have lost a parent, thus, providing practical advice on how to support such children in order to help them cope. It offers ideas for discussions that can be held on a one-to-one basis in the child's home or with a group of children in the classroom. It is not considered as a recipe for success or a book of rules. …

  13. Making a Difference for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS: Baseline Findings from Operations Research in Uganda

    In Uganda, PLAN International, Makerere University, and the Horizons Program performed a study to assess the impact of an orphan support program on the physical, educational, and emotional wellbeing of children. The researchers also studied a different program, called succession planning, in which children are reached before the death of the parent. This intervention includes helping parents to write wills, appoint guardians and other activities that promote the long-term wellbeing of children. …

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