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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Scaling up and sustaining community-based care for preschool and schoolage children - successes and challenges in Malawi

    Community-based organizations (CBOs) are an important model for the care of orphans and other vulnerable children whose life and development are threatened by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and poverty. However, data are lacking on the challenges and solutions enabling successful expansion of these programs to the national level. This article presents some of the experiences encountered by Malawi in the expansion of their network of CBOs. …

  2. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  3. Influencing policy for children in Tanzania: lessons from education, legislation and social protection

    This paper analyses three recent policy/programme developments regarding child wellbeing in Tanzania and examines the political 'drivers of change' that influence policy and action on child well-being. Chapter One explores the politics of policymaking, and the respective roles of citizens, government and donors in influencing recent reforms in primary education. Chapter Two provides a historical analysis of key processes in the development of a children's statute in Tanzania, and explores the underlying reasons behind the lack of change despite concerted efforts. …

  4. Early Childhood Education and Care in Southern Africa: A perspective report

    This report explores policy and provision for early childhood education and care (ECEC) in six English speaking countries in Southern Africa - Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. In the first section of the review the report aims to - ECEC policy and provision in the wider set context of socio-demographic profiles of the region, in particular referring to economic, education, health and welfare indicators; briefly review the debate about donor aid in Southern Africa and locate ECEC within it. …

  5. Policy Analyses and Recommendations on Early Childhood Development and HIV/ AIDS in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar

    This review studies a total of 33 policies and policy-related plans, strategies, and guidelines were reviewed for the Mainland and 14 for Zanzibar. …

  6. Mainstreaming HIV within an education programme : a case study from concern Mozambique

    This case study is based on in-depth qualitative research conducted over six months by Concern Worldwide in the central province of Manica. It looks at how Concern Mozambique has addressed issues related to HIV and AIDS within its education programme. Specifically it outlines how school councils can help create a safer and more supportive environment particularly for girls using a methodology called Circles of Support. …

  7. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  8. AIDS-related parental loss: does the age when the trauma occurs matter?

    The purpose of this paper is to use data from the Kagera region of northwestern Tanzania to investigate the long run impact of the timing of parental death on the education outcomes. …

  9. The long-run impact of orphanhood

    This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. …

  10. What Can We Do to Make a Difference?: Situation Analysis Concerning Children and Families Affected by Aids

    This article discusses the importance of situation analysis in the process of formulating interventions for children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. The argument is that for interventions to be effective and resources to be well used, it is essential that interventions are developed with a clear understanding of the factors which are most significant and how they relate to each other in causing or mitigating problems. It is well argued how situation analysis and ongoing monitoring are essental to planning and implementing effective interventions.

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