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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescents' perceptions of sexual coercion in Uganda

    In Uganda, HIV prevalence remains high with young people at higher risk of infection than adults. Much is known about the sexual risk factors for HIV transmission among youths, including sexual encounters that are coerced. On the other hand, relatively little is known about the barriers to preventing sexual coercion and what strategies may overcome those barriers with adolescents. …

  2. Bridges to Adulthood: Understanding the Lifelong Influence of Men's Childhood Experiences of Violence. Analyzing Data from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey

    Great numbers of men report experiencing violence as children and these experiences have significant lifelong effects, according to the new analysis of the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) dataset included in this report. Adult men who were victims or witnesses of domestic violence as children, for instance, likely come to accept violence as a conflict resolving tactic not only in intimate partnerships but also in their wider lives. …

  3. Assessment: legal and regulatory framework affecting treatment and services for most-at-risk populations in Ghana

    In recognition of the importance of an enabling legal and policy environment that supports MARPs and their access to services, the Ghana AIDS Commission requested that the United States Agency for International Development - supported Health Policy Initiative conduct a qualitative assessment to develop an understanding of the current legal and policy framework for MARPs. An enabling environment reduces stigma and discrimination (S&D) against MARPs, protects their rights, and ensures that they have access to needed services. …

  4. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health: aiming for results in Burkina Faso

    Officially launched in January 2004, the German-Burkinabe Sexual Health and Human Rights Programme (PROSAD) was chosen for write-up in the German HIV Practice Collection because, over the years, it has become a uniquely sustained, comprehensive and results-driven effort to protect and empower women, youth and children. It has helped raise their own and public awareness of their human rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights, and has provided them with a range of services and mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of those rights.

  5. Rapid assessment: the situation of children in South Africa

    This report is aimed at providing an overview of the situation of children in South Africa, with a focus on the nonfulfilment and violation of children's rights as formulated in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment utilises evidence drawn from available literature and interviews with key actors in the South African child rights arena. Based on the opinions of these key respondents, the report provides an overview of key role players in the field, followed by suggestions for possible areas for intervention by international aid agencies. …

  6. Estrategia nacional para la infancia y adolescencia: los retos de la sustentabilidad democrática

    El documento contiene seis apartados. En primer lugar, se discute brevemente los diversos significados históricos y teóricos de la democracia y los tipos de ciudadanía promovidos, y las consecuencias que de ese análisis se derivan para esta temática. A continuación se realiza una caracterización de la "moderna ciudadanía" infantil y adolescente, identificando y comentando algunas experiencias internacionales relativamente exitosas en esta materia. …

  7. Reflexiones sobre la relación entre la "Estrategia Nacional para la Infancia y la Adolescencia" y el modelo de desarrollo de Uruguay hacia el año 2030

    El presente documento ha sido elaborado como uno de los insumos claves para el proceso de discusión que guiará la construcción de la Estrategia Nacional para la Infancia y la Adolescencia 2010-2030 (ENIA). En su primera parte desarrolla la tesis que advierte la existencia de una estrecha relación entre el cumplimiento y la expansión de los Derechos Humanos (civiles, políticos, económicos, sociales y culturales) y el logro de un desarrollo sostenido. …

  8. The human rights of children and their sexual and reproductive health

    The factsheet presents the guiding principles with respect to the human rights of children set out by the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and briefly illustrates the disastrous sexual and reproductive health as a result of violations of their rights. Statements of international commitments presented at the Beijing Plus Five 2000 and ICPD Plus Five, 1999 are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  9. Kenya: In the Shadow of Death: HIV/AIDS and Children's Rights in Kenya

    Depicted as an economic, social and development crisis, HIV/AIDS is less well understood as a human rights crisis, though the rights of persons living with and at risk of AIDS have figured in AIDS policy development from the beginning. Exploring these ideas, the document compares the treatment of the epidemic with the policies for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections and other stigmatized illnesses. The group hardest hit is children, due to their inability to provide for themselves and in many cases, the lack of education. …

  10. Human Rights Protected? Nine Southern African country reports on HIV, AIDS and the law

    As its title indicates, 'Human rights protected? Nine Southern African country reports on HIV, AIDS and the law' charts the extent to which human rights are protected in the legal systems of the Southern African states with very high HIV prevalence rates. These countries are Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Issues that are covered in the publication include access to health care, privacy, non-discrimination, labour rights, women's rights, children's rights, prisoner's rights and the government's oversight function. …

  11. Convention on the rights of the child: HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child

    Convention on the rights of the child: HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child

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