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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A discussion of perceptions of community facilitators from Swaziland, Kenya, Mozambique and Ghana: cultural practices and child protection

    This study is based on data collected from community development facilitators using open-ended questionnaires and group discussions. Four general types of cultural practices were identified by interviewees as posing risks to children and challenges to child protection work: marriage practices, rites of passage or rituals, family secrets and religious or spiritual practices. …

  2. Getting in line: coordinating responses for children affected by HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

    Only one in every eight households containing orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in African countries received any support from an external source (UNICEF, 2008). This is a reflection of how governments, both rich and poor, have ignored obligations ratified in conventions to ensure the social protection of vulnerable children (United Nations, 1989). Consequently, a disproportionate proportion of the financial burden of care of vulnerable children is borne by affected families and communities. …

  3. Community interventions supporting children affected by HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a review to derive evidence-based principles for programming

    Approaching 20 years after the first studies drew attention to the issues faced by children and families affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), evaluation data from programs addressing their circumstances remains limited and clustered, especially when considered in relation to the magnitude of donor spending. A review of evaluation evidence was conducted to derive programming principles for interventions supporting HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa, including care and support, cash transfer and HIV-prevention interventions. …

  4. Orphan competent communities: a framework for community analysis and action

    Vulnerable children in Africa have traditionally been absorbed and supported by their communities. However, in the context of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and poverty, communities are increasingly stretched, compromising the quality of care available to children affected by AIDS. This calls for an understanding of the processes that best facilitate the capacity of communities to provide good quality care and support. In the interests of furthering debate and practice in this area, we seek to develop an analytical framework that builds upon two inter-linked strands. …

  5. Breaking barriers project: Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. End-term evaluation report

    Breaking Barriers Project (BB) is a US$ 11,500,000 program implemented over five years in Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. The Strategic Objective of the Breaking Barriers project is: To expand sustainable, effective, quality OVC programs in education, psychosocial support and community-based care for children and families affected by HIV and AIDS, using an extensive network of schools (both formal and informal) and religious institutions as a coordinated platform for rapid scale up and scale out. …

  6. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  7. National response to psychosocial needs of children: three year strategic plan 2008-2010

    This strategic plan is aimed at ensuring that all children in need of psychosocial support (PSS) in Swaziland are reached. It will further strengthen and standardize the quality of PSS training, service delivery and finally advocate for mainstreaming of PSS in all programmes targeting children in the country. The strategy advocates that all PSS interventions should be grounded in the Swazi culture. …

  8. Positively caring: ensuring that positive choices can be made about the care of children affected by HIV

    This report examines the impacts of HIV on the care choices of children, exploring how HIV affects whether or not children can remain within parental care, and on the alternative care options open to them. It is based on qualitative research in Malawi, India and Ukraine, and on a global literature review. It is in response to alarming global evidence on the rising numbers of children outside of parental care, and growing global recognition that responses to HIV should centre on increased support to families as the best means of providing care and protection for children.

  9. Children to the fore! An easy-to-use training handbook that promotes child rights and cultural issues in the face of HIV in southern Africa

    The aim of this handbook is to ensure that children's rights are known, recognised and respected in communities, especially in situations where they may be compromised by cultural and traditional practices - or when their realisation is threatened by the circumstances of the HIV epidemic. It offers trainers, community-based volunteers, and others working with, or on behalf of, children the knowledge and skills to integrate child rights into their programme work, so that they become effective trainers or advocates for child rights. …

  10. AIDS mitigation initiative to enhance care and support in Bikava, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE project)

    The AIDS Mitigation Initiative to Enhance Care and Support in Bukavu, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE) Project was a four-year community-led, cross-sectoral project to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in three of Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC) major urban centers through sustainable, community-led and multisectoral support to People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). …

  11. Protection, care and support for children vulnerable to violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect in the context of the HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea. Four year national strategy 2008-2011

    The Government of Papua New Guinea is committed to the protection, care and support of children vulnerable to violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect. The HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea is not only challenging the situation for children and their protection, but also necessitates an urgent and comprehensive response. This strategy provides a clear example of this commitment. …

  12. Home truths: facing the facts on children, AIDS and poverty. Final report of the Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS

    The Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS (JLICA) is an independent, time-limited alliance of researchers, implementers, activists, policy-makers, and people living with HIV. Its goal is to improve the well-being of children, families, and communities affected by HIV and AIDS by producing actionable, evidence-based recommendations for policy and practice. …

  13. The framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    The human tragedy and mounting crisis of orphans and vulnerable children demands a global response. Attention now is required to generate the resources and to expand the partnerships needed to respond adequately, and with common objectives, over the long term. This framework reflects a broad international consensus around goals, principles, strategies and programming that should guide such a response. …

  14. The Current and Future Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on South Africa's Children

    This chapter has three aims. One, to investigate the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic upon the children of South Africa with a focus on health, welfare and education implications. Two, to examine the responses of families, communities, civil society and governments to the crisis confronting the children. Three, to critique those responses and offer alternatives, which may assist in improving the impacts on children.

  15. Taking Better Care? Review of a decade of work with orphans and vulnerable children in Rakai, Uganda

    This study was carried out between March and September 2003. It aims to inform policymakers at national and international levels about models of community-based care for children who have lost one or both parents (orphans) and vulnerable children - in particular, models which are sustainable and capable of delivering long-term benefits for children. …

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