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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Survive, thrive, transform: global strategy for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health (2016–2030). 2018 monitoring report: current status and strategic priorities

    The report sets out the status of women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health, and on health systems and social and environmental determinants. Regional dashboards on 16 key indicators highlight where progress is being made or lagging. There is progress overall, but not at the level required to achieve the 2030 goals. There are some areas where progress has stalled or is reversing, namely neonatal mortality, gender inequalities and health in humanitarian settings. …

  2. Sensitive to nutrition? A literature review of school feeding effects in the child development lifecycle

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date literature review on school feeding and the potential impact on nutrition, including school age children, pre-school and adolescent girls. The review is aimed at providing evidence-based guidance to national governments on school feeding and nutrition from a lifecycle approach. The review seeks to consolidate the existing evidence, analyse what this evidence translates into in terms of programming, and understand the potential of improving nutrition through school feeding programmes globally. …

  3. Very young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS: How are they living? A case study from Namibia

    This paper describes a recent study conducted jointly by the authors in the Khomas Region of Namibia. The study developed and trialled research and documentation methods regarding very young children who had been infected or affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Because of the stigma attached to the disease, effective methods for assessing ‘real’ needs of the target population have been elusive in Namibia and elsewhere. …

  4. The essential package: Holistically addressing the needs of young vulnerable children and their caregivers affected by HIV and AIDS

    The Essential Package is a comprehensive set of tools and guides for policy makers, program managers and service providers to address the unique needs and competencies of young children, particularly those affected or infected by HIV/AIDS, in an integrated and holistic way. Materials have been developed based on a comprehensive literature review of the effects of HIV and AIDS on young children and caregivers and a review of current programs and materials addressing the needs of vulnerable children, and specifically in relation to ECD.

  5. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  6. Our children, our future. Zimbabwean good practices responding to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children: the "Zvandiri" Programme, Africaid and The Kapnek Trust Early Childhood Development Centres

    This document represents part of a SAfAIDS project implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Services (MoLSS), which documents Good Practices in OVC programming in Zimbabwe. The goal of the project is to scale-up information generation and dissemination and thereby encourage the replication of Good Practices in the care and support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Zimbabwe. …

  7. National plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children Ghana June 2010-2012

    The National Plan of Action for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) is a three-year plan subject to review and focuses on children who are the most vulnerable and at risk in Ghanaian society. There has not been a recent comprehensive assessment of OVC in Ghana and the first part of the plan attempts a brief assessment of OVC in relation to their care and protection. …

  8. Coordinators' notebook: An International Resource for Early Childhood Development

    This notebook concerns HIV/AIDS and Early Childhood. Summary is: The Two Who Survive: The impact of HIV/AIDS on young children, their families and communities; - Infant Feeding Practices in Africa in the Context of HIV/AIDS: Comments and Excerpts from Early Breastfeeding Cessation as an Option for Reducing Postnatal Transmission of HIV in Africa;- Bernard van Leer Foundation-supported Initiatives, Africa Region; - Case Studies: Speak for the Child: A Program for AIDS-affected under-fives in Kenya; - Case Studies: Early Childhood Education and Care and the AIDS Epidemic in Brazil.

  9. Policy Analyses and Recommendations on Early Childhood Development and HIV/ AIDS in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar

    This review studies a total of 33 policies and policy-related plans, strategies, and guidelines were reviewed for the Mainland and 14 for Zanzibar. …

  10. The National Guidelines for the Management of HIV and AIDS in Children in Nepal

    These Guidelines aim to provide up-to-date, evidence based, practical information and knowledge designed to help health service providers to make informed decisions on the management of HIV and AIDS in children and to gain basic knowledge about HIV and AIDS in the pediatric age group. The guidelines are mainly based on algorithms with annotations and reflect international best practice. …

  11. What does the National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS mean for Children? A guide for individuals and organisations working with and for children

    This guide provides easy to use information on the National HIV and AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007-2011 (NSP). The guide focuses specifically on what the NSP means for children and families, and for the individuals and organisations that work with them - a constituency that has come to be known as the "Children's Sector". The Children's Sector was actively involved in the drafting of the NSP and has an important role to play in implementing the plan and in monitoring service delivery. This guide may also be useful to other sectors of civil society. …

  12. Therapeutic Education: Recommendations Regarding Disclosure of HIV Status to Children under ARV in MSF Projects

    Therapeutic Education: Recommendations Regarding Disclosure of HIV Status to Children under ARV in MSF Projects is a document developed by Médecins sans frontières, in 2005. It focuses particularly upon the objectives and means of disclosure of pediatric HIV. The general objective in the care of HIV in the child could be defined as the following: To help the child to grow and develop despite his illness, and to live as well as possible, through a structured and structuring care environment. …

  13. Both halves of the sky: gender socialization in the early years

    Both halves of the sky: gender socialization in the early years

  14. Discrimination against the girl child: female infanticide, female genital cutting and honor killing

    The booklet describes practices that rob girl children of control over their persons and sometimes, rob them of their lives. It examines the cultural and practical motivations behind female infanticide, female genital cutting and honour killing and explores what is being done to put an end to these human right abuses.

  15. Young children, HIV/AIDS and gender: A summary review

    Studies point to the existence of a global HIV/AIDS emergency among young people. An estimated 6,000 youths a day become infected, an average of one new infection every 14 seconds. The most socially and economically disadvantaged young people appear to be especially at risk of infection, and young women in developing contexts are at the greatest risk. The rate of HIV infection among girls is rapidly outstripping the rate among boys. …

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