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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Tackling child marriage and early childbearing in India: lessons from Young Lives

    The Government of India has made combatting child marriage and early childbearing a priority. This brief uses data collected from 1,000 19-year-olds in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana to help inform policy and programming efforts. In Young Lives survey, 28% of girls and just 1% of boys married before the age of 18. By the age of 19, a majority (59%) of married young women had already given birth. Young Lives has been following the lives of these young people and their families since 2002. …

  2. Interventions to prevent child marriage among young people in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of the published and gray literature

    Child marriage, defined as marriage before the age of 18 years, is a human rights violation that can have lasting adverse educational and economic impacts. The objective of this review was to identify high-quality interventions and evaluations to decease child marriage in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, CINAHL Plus, Popline, and the Cochrane Databases were searched without language limitations for articles published through November 2015. Gray literature was searched by hand. Reference tracing was used, as well as the unpacking of systematic reviews. …

  3. The national strategy to end child marriage and teenage pregnancy 2015/2015 - 2019/2020: A society free from child marriage and teenage pregnancy

    The National Strategy on Child Marriage (NSCM&TP) is a holistic, comprehensive framework that reflects the commitment of the Uganda Government to end the practice of child marriage and other forms of violence against girls including teenage pregnancy as a consequence of child marriage. The goal of the strategy is to end child marriage in Uganda for enduring prosperity and social economic transformation. …

  4. Sensitive to nutrition? A literature review of school feeding effects in the child development lifecycle

    The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date literature review on school feeding and the potential impact on nutrition, including school age children, pre-school and adolescent girls. The review is aimed at providing evidence-based guidance to national governments on school feeding and nutrition from a lifecycle approach. The review seeks to consolidate the existing evidence, analyse what this evidence translates into in terms of programming, and understand the potential of improving nutrition through school feeding programmes globally. …

  5. Preventing child marriage in the Commonwealth: the role of education

    Preventing Child Marriage in the Commonwealth: the Role of Education is the latest in a series of reports written by the Royal Commonwealth Society and Plan UK as part of our collaboration to end child, early and forced marriage in the Commonwealth. This report draws on the substantial body of evidence linking improved education to a reduced prevalence of child marriage and seeks to answer the question: what can Commonwealth education stakeholders do to ensure that girls are able to access a safe, high quality education? …

  6. Preventing sexual violence and HIV in children

    BACKGROUND: Evidence linking violence against women and HIV has grown, including on the cycle of violence and the links between violence against children and women. To create an effective response to the HIV epidemic, it is key to prevent sexual violence against children and intimate partner violence (IPV) against adolescent girls. …

  7. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  8. Boys and girls in the life cycle: sex-disaggregated data on a selection of well-being indicators, from early childhood to young adulthood

    This report presents the most comprehensive compilation to date of sex-disaggregated statistics on children and young people in the developing world. It examines a selection of indicators that are currently available to measure well-being and assess children's rights. During the past decade, an unprecedented amount of internationally comparable household survey data has become available for a broad range of indicators covering many countries. This wealth of new information has been analyzed to provide global, regional and country estimates on a wide variety of issues. …

  9. Derecho a la salud, a la educación y a la participación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes privados de su libertad

    Estudio de la situación del VIH/sida desde la perspectiva de los derechos humanos de niñas, niños y adolescentes (13 a 18 años) privados de libertad en la provincia de Tucumán, Argentina. Se analiza la legislación vigente incluyendo Tratados y Pactos internacionales, leyes nacionales y provinciales. Se evalúa la atención médica recibida en los centros en los que están recluidos. …

  10. Plan Nacional Contra la Explotación Sexual Comercial de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes

    Descripción general del Plan Nacional Contra la Explotación Sexual Comercial de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes preparado por el gobierno de Costa Rica. Situación a nivel nacional, líneas de acción y objetivos. Tareas de prevención y marco legal, incluyendo reformas necesarias para combatir este problema. Labores de represión y atención a víctimas.

  11. Aids nas Escolas - Encarte Ciência Hoje

    Este documento foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Saúde do Brasil. E um material de apoio à pesquisa dos alunos do Ensino Fundamental (Básico) sobre a temática do HIV/SIDA ensinada em sala de aula. O documento contém 6 livretes com desenhos e textos que tratam de vários temas em relação ao HIV/SIDA. 1) Pequeno diário sobre Virus e sida (Vírus : o que são? como entram no organismo? que doenças podem provocar?) 2) Pequenos comentários sobre o nosso sistema de defesa (anticorpos : o que são? …

  12. Children having children. State of the World's Mothers 2004

    The report focuses on girls around the world who marry and have babies while they are still children themselves, resulting in maternal and child mortalities and for those who survive, a struggle to overcome poor health, limited education, and grinding poverty. The report recommends ways to help girls delay marriage and motherhood until they are emotionally and physically ready to give birth and raise children and suggests programmatic and policy solutions to help child mothers and their babies survive and thrive. …

  13. Why good reproductive health is critical to the well-being of youth [fact sheet]

    The fact sheet first explains why good reproductive health for young people is important and then presents a situation of the reproductive lives of young people today. Lastly, the paper recounts what the international community has agreed to do to support the reproductive health of young people.

  14. Children, youth and unsafe abortion

    The factsheet presents facts and consequences of unintended pregnancies and unsafe sex Statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD, Cairo 1994, Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing 1995, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and CEDAW General Recommendations No. 24 on Article 12 (Women and Health) are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  15. HIV/AIDS, children and adolescents

    The factsheet briefly describes the HIV/AIDS pandemic, mother-to-child transmission, and explains why girls and young women are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection. Key actions in addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic and statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD Plus Five, 1999 and Beijing Plus Five 2000 are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

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