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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on families with adolescents and children in Cambodia

    Cambodia is among the countries most severely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. In 2003, an estimated 123,100 adults in Cambodia were living with HIV/AIDS and 60,000 children were affected by HIV/AIDS. In responding to the epidemic, donors, policymakers, and program planners have had little country-specific information regarding the impact of HIV/AIDS and the effectiveness of interventions, impeding their ability to make decisions regarding resource allocation and program design. …

  2. The power of early childhood as a healing force in the AIDS crisis

    HIV/AIDS confronts the world and all who are committed to ECD with the challenges of: Preventing the transmission of HIV from parent to child; Paying great attention to the well-being of the parent-child pair; Responding to the needs of HIV infected children for treatment and care; Responding to the needs of children who are otherwise affected by the AIDS pandemic.

  3. The increasing vulnerability of children in Nepal: an assessment of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS and the response at family, community, district and national level.

    This assessment is one of UNICEF's contributions to His Majesty's Government of Nepal's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS (2002-2006) and actions to meet its commitments from the UN General Assembly Special Sessions on HIV/AIDS (June 2001) on Children (May 2002) and the Millenium Development Goals and targets.The overall aim of the national assessment is to provide substance for the development of a national strategy and action plan on children and families affected by HIV/AIDS under the National Strategic Plan 2002-2006. …

  4. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  5. The impact of HIV/AIDS on education in Botswana

    Since independence, Botswana has made great strides in economic and human development. In education, almost 100% of children now enrol in primary school, over 90% start secondary school and girls have enrollment rates similar to those of boys. However, Botswana's HIV epidemic is one of the world's most severe. The 2000 national antenatal survey of pregnant women found that 38.5% were HIV-positive and it is estimated that around one third of the adult population is infected. This presents a major challenge to further development and improvement in the accessibility and quality of education. …

  6. The education sectors' responses to the needs and vulnerabilities of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Education is a crucial factor in the development of a child. In the light of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, education has become even more vital. The paradox, nevertheless, is that the pandemic has constrained school attendance, as well as school performance. The purpose of this study was to establish to what extent primary school-aged children affected by HIV/AIDS (CABA) are educationally affected, as well as to find out how the education sector is responding to the problems CABA face. …

  7. The Tip of the Iceberg: the global impact of HIV/AIDS on youth

    This document provides an overview of the impact of HIV/AIDS on young people (aged 10-24) around the world. It uses a variety of sources and studies. However, it does not discuss mother-to-child-transmission, although this remains a major mode of transmission in some parts of the world.

  8. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Southern Africa's Children: Poverty of Planning and Planning Poverty

    The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Southern Africa's Children: Poverty of Planning and Planning Poverty

  9. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Orphans and Programme and Policy Responses

    As policymakers assess the growing weight of the orphans and children affected by the AIDS burden, there are key policy challenges apparent. This chapter will outline these challenges and attempt to offer some solutions, although the complexity of the debate makes such an analysis difficult.

  10. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education and Institutionalizing Preventive Education

    The objective of this publication is to provide a compilation of various research findings on the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in countries south of the Sahara, which is the world's most infected region. It also presents different options available to the education ministries and government decision-makers with regard to the use of education as an instrument to mitigate the effect of HIV/AIDS, as well as a tool for its prevention.

  11. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Children: Lights and Shadows in the "Successful Case" of Uganda

    This chapter analyses the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on children in Uganda, with specific focus on their health, education and social welfare, and on the current and future policy/programme responses in the field of prevention, treatment and mitigation.

  12. The Effect of Orphanhood on Primary School Attendance Reconsidered: the power of female-headed households in Tanzania. Project Results Workshop, University of Dar es Salaam, 10-12 March, 2003

    The common presumption that orphans are less likely to attend school than non-orphans is re-examined using survey data from two regions in Tanzania. It is argued that orphans should not be compared simply with non-orphans since there are other vulnerable groups of children. Further, with particular reference to place of residence, it is argued that orphans should not be viewed as a homogeneous group. …

  13. The Current and Future Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on South Africa's Children

    This chapter has three aims. One, to investigate the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic upon the children of South Africa with a focus on health, welfare and education implications. Two, to examine the responses of families, communities, civil society and governments to the crisis confronting the children. Three, to critique those responses and offer alternatives, which may assist in improving the impacts on children.

  14. Scaling-Up the HIV/AIDS and Orphans response to accelerate poverty reduction in Uganda: 2000/1-2005/6

    A list of priority actions developed in March 2000 by the Uganda AIDS Commission and its partners to promote the involvement of all sectors of society as Uganda scales up its response against HIV/AIDS.

  15. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

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