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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Children's Rights: China

    China has ratified major international documents with regard to children’s rights protection. China’s domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of children’s rights. The reality, however, is disputable. Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source. In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem.

  2. Regional issues brief: Children, HIV and the law

    This regional issues brief was prepared for the Africa Regional Dialogue of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law which took place on 4 August 2011 in Pretoria, South Africa. The brief examines legal responses to children and HIV in Africa including: Prohibiting discrimination; Access to treatment; Access to sexual and reproductive rights; Access to HIV information and education; Access to harm reduction measures; Guardianship, property rights and social protection.

  3. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  4. Lessons from the Children and AIDS Regional Initiative (CARI): Child- and HIV-sensitive social protection in Eastern and Southern Africa

    This documentation explores child- and HIV-sensitive social protection implemented under the umbrella of CARI in five of nine selected countries within the Eastern and Southern Africa region (ESAR): Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Tanzania. During fieldwork for this study, assessments were undertaken by considering various programmes and policies and their performance individually, but also by looking at their linkages and complementarities to other programmes and service providers. …

  5. National response to psychosocial needs of children: three year strategic plan 2008-2010

    This strategic plan is aimed at ensuring that all children in need of psychosocial support (PSS) in Swaziland are reached. It will further strengthen and standardize the quality of PSS training, service delivery and finally advocate for mainstreaming of PSS in all programmes targeting children in the country. The strategy advocates that all PSS interventions should be grounded in the Swazi culture. …

  6. Vivre ensemble: développer des compétences de vie familiale en matière de population de lutte contre le VIH et sida; livret de l'élève CM1 et CM2

    Ce livret de l'élève est un support pédagogique faisant partie d'une collection de six ouvrages déstinés aux apprenants du primaire et du secondaire. Le manuel a été produit dan sle cadre du volet Information, Education et Comunication pour Changement de Comportement en Santé de la reproduction des adolescents. Il traite des questions liées à l'Education à la Vie Familiale, en Matière de Population et VIH et SIDA.

  7. Influencing policy for children in Tanzania: lessons from education, legislation and social protection

    This paper analyses three recent policy/programme developments regarding child wellbeing in Tanzania and examines the political 'drivers of change' that influence policy and action on child well-being. Chapter One explores the politics of policymaking, and the respective roles of citizens, government and donors in influencing recent reforms in primary education. Chapter Two provides a historical analysis of key processes in the development of a children's statute in Tanzania, and explores the underlying reasons behind the lack of change despite concerted efforts. …

  8. Protect for the future: Placing children's protection and care at the heart of achieving the MDGs

    Many Millenium Development Goals (MDG) targets will not be met by 2015. The evidence presented in this report clearly shows that the widespread abuse of children's rights to care and protection is in part responsible for hindering progress against the MDGs. These rights include a recognition of the central importance of family-based care for child wellbeing, and children's right to be free from violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect. This report presents some policy recommendations to achieve the MDGs.

  9. Policy Analyses and Recommendations on Early Childhood Development and HIV/ AIDS in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar

    This review studies a total of 33 policies and policy-related plans, strategies, and guidelines were reviewed for the Mainland and 14 for Zanzibar. …

  10. What is the potential of cash transfers to strengthen families affected by HIV and AIDS? A reveiw of the evidence on impacts and key policy debates

    This paper examines how social protection can be used to protect children and families affected by HIV and AIDS, and specifically, the potential of cash transfers to secure basic subsistence and reduce poverty, while also strengthening the human capital of children - specifically, their education, health, and nutrition. The paper reviews evidence to date on the impacts of programmes under different designs, and reviews key policy debates that accompany decisions on programme designs, and how to make them to be responsive to the context of HIV and AIDS. …

  11. Therapeutic Education: Recommendations Regarding Disclosure of HIV Status to Children under ARV in MSF Projects

    Therapeutic Education: Recommendations Regarding Disclosure of HIV Status to Children under ARV in MSF Projects is a document developed by Médecins sans frontières, in 2005. It focuses particularly upon the objectives and means of disclosure of pediatric HIV. The general objective in the care of HIV in the child could be defined as the following: To help the child to grow and develop despite his illness, and to live as well as possible, through a structured and structuring care environment. …

  12. An assessment: the situation of children made vulnerable or orphaned in Guyana

    The social and economic factors contributing to children of Guyana becoming orphaned or made vulnerable have been cause for major concern. Increasingly, children suffer in various ways; some from abuse, others are exposed to various forms of violence, neglected or abandoned, and also have to face the challenge of them or their parents dealing with life threatening diseases such as cancer and HIV. …

  13. Elaboration et mise en ouvre d'une stratégie de communication sur le VIH/SIDA en milieu scolaire primaire de Côte-d'Ivoire

    Ce projet d'élaboration et de mise en oeuvre d'une stratégie de communication sur le VIH/SIDA en milieu scolaire primaire de Côte-d'Ivoire s'insère dans le cadre du programme de coopération en matière d'éducation COTE D'IVOIRE/UNICEF. Plus précisément, il intègre le projet «Education de base des enfants de 6 à 11 ans notamment les filles» qui prévoit des activités de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. L'objectif principal de ces activités est de venir en appui au gouvernement ivoirien dans la définition et la mise en oeuvre d'une politique de communication sur le VIH/SIDA. …

  14. Home truths: facing the facts on children, AIDS and poverty. Final report of the Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS

    The Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS (JLICA) is an independent, time-limited alliance of researchers, implementers, activists, policy-makers, and people living with HIV. Its goal is to improve the well-being of children, families, and communities affected by HIV and AIDS by producing actionable, evidence-based recommendations for policy and practice. …

  15. Expanding social protection for vulnerable children and families: learning from an institutional perspective

    Social protection, including social transfers and social services for the most vulnerable and marginalized, is gaining momentum as a development priority. This paper aims to explore two specific issues: What efforts are underway to strengthen institutions to deliver child sensitive social protection and what are the practical lessons from prior and ongoing efforts? What is the best way to build institutions to expand comprehensive social protection that benefits children, including social transfers and services? …

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