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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. From shadows to light: advocacy for children of HIV-affected key populations

    For many years now, the children of HIV-affected key populations—sex workers, transgender people, people who use drugs and gay men and other men who have sex with men—have remained in the shadows. …

  2. Life Doesn’t Wait. Romania’s Failure to Protect and Support Children and Youth Living with HIV

    More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth age fifteen to nineteen are living with HIV—the largest such group in any European country. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and “microtransfusions” of unscreened blood. Despite Romania’s progressive expansion of access to antiretroviral drugs, these children and youth face pervasive stigma and discrimination that often impedes their enjoyment of basic rights and services. …

  3. Guideline in HIV disclosure counselling for children up to 12 years of age

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidance for health care workers on how to support children up to 12 years of age and their caregivers with disclosure of HIV status. Health care workers (HCWs) know that disclosure decisions are complex because of stigma, social support concerns, family relations, parenting skills and concern about children’s emotional and maturational ability to understand and cope with the nature of the illness. …

  4. Facts on Children and HIV/AIDS, Viet Nam

    In Viet Nam, the lack of understanding of HIV, myths about HIV and the association of HIV with "social evils" often causes the patients to be stigmatized. This booklet is a resource for education managers, teachers, parents and communities and aims to provide information about children and HIV and AIDS, with the objective to remove the myths and reduce stigma and discrimination against these children. This booklet was based on the "10 Facts on Children and HIV/AIDS" booklet produced in Thailand. It was adapted and new content was added to ensure relevance to Viet Nam.

  5. Progress report for children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The 2009 Progress Report for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS is the second in a periodic series sponsored by UNICEF designed to provide a summary of indicators of the current status of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). The objective of this report is to provide an easy-to-use guide to facilitate dialogue among both policymakers and key stakeholders about policies related to orphans and vulnerable children. It presents the 17 indicators described in the Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of the National Response for Children Orphaned and Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS (UNICEF, 2005). …

  6. Blame and banishment: the underground HIV epidemic affecting children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

    This report highlights the issues faced by children living with HIV, adolescents engaged in risky behaviors, pregnant women using drugs, and the more than one million children and young people who live or work on the streets of the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Marginalized young people are exposed on a daily basis to multiple risks, including drug use, commercial sex and other exploitation and abuse, putting them at higher risk of contracting HIV. The trends are especially troubling, as the region is home to 3.7 million injecting drug users - almost a quarter of the world's total. …

  7. Seen and heard. Children affected by HIV and AIDS, XVII international AIDS conference. Summary report of issues facing children affected by HIV and AIDS, October 2008

    Project activities focused around the XVII International AIDS Conference (IAC) and a pre-conference symposium on children and HIV, both held in Mexico City from 1-8 August 2008. In the period leading up to these events, HealthDev.net, a dialogue and social networking platform, hosted online discussions on this theme. The two-day pre-conference symposium, "Children & HIV/AIDS: Action Now, Action How" provided a forum for information sharing, collaboration and networking in order to strengthen the response to children's needs. …

  8. HIV/AIDS, Stigma and Children: A literature review

    This research suggests that stigma and discrimination can exacerbate the material and psychological problems children already face in context of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. This paper reviews the literature on HIV/AIDS, children and stigma to interrogate the following questions: What is the evidence that HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination directly affects children, both materially and psychologically? How does HIV/AIDS-related stigma impact materially and psychologically, on adult caregivers and household structures supporting children affected by HIV/AIDS? …

  9. The increasing vulnerability of children in Nepal: an assessment of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS and the response at family, community, district and national level.

    This assessment is one of UNICEF's contributions to His Majesty's Government of Nepal's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS (2002-2006) and actions to meet its commitments from the UN General Assembly Special Sessions on HIV/AIDS (June 2001) on Children (May 2002) and the Millenium Development Goals and targets.The overall aim of the national assessment is to provide substance for the development of a national strategy and action plan on children and families affected by HIV/AIDS under the National Strategic Plan 2002-2006. …

  10. Principles to Guide Programming for Orphans and other Vulnerable Children

    This document offers a set of guiding principles upon which to develop an expanded response to children and adolescents affected by HIV/AIDS. It is hoped that it will enrich discussions among stakeholders at all national and international levels. The principles and recommendations will remain open to revision, in order to reflect the ongoing dialogue and incorporate lessons learned from experience.

  11. Letting them fail: Government neglect and the right to education for children affected by AIDS

    Governments in sub-Saharan Africa have failed to address the extraordinary barriers to education faced by children who are orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 43 million school-age children do not attend school in the region. HIV/AIDS has caused unprecedented rates of adult mortality, leaving millions of children without parental care to ensure their access to education. …

  12. Children affected by HIV/AIDS in South Asia: a synthesis of current global, regional and national thinking and research

    This report brings together current research - much of it unpublished - into the impact of HIV/AIDS on children in the South Asia region. It presents an overview of findings of studies in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Limited information was available from the Maldives, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka, and none was available from Bhutan. Most research has taken place in India, so this synthesis is somewhat weighted toward that country. …

  13. Child protection and children affected by AIDS. A companion paper to The framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS.

    Many international and non-governmental organizations have endorsed The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS (The Framework), which outlines key strategies and actions. In October 2005, the Unite for Children. Unite against AIDS global campaign was launched. Among the central goals of the campaign is the protection, care and support of children affected by AIDS. …

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