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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Strategic Plan 2002-2006

    Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV) started to spread in Zimbabwe in the early 1980s with the first case of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) identified in 1985. Since then, the number of reported cases of AIDS have been rising expontenaly from 119 reported in 1987 to over 655,000 cumulative estimated cases by the end of 2000.Current estimates from the National AIDS Coordination Programme of the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, show that around 2000 people are dying of AIDS every week.What makes AIDS unique from other diseases is that it is affecting the young . …

  2. School-centred HIV and AIDS care and support in Southern Africa: technical consultation report 22-24 May 2007, Gaborone, Botswana

    This report provides a synthesis of discussions held at a UNESCO technical consultation on school-centred care and support in Southern Africa, held from 22 to 24 May 2007 in Gaborone, Botswana. The event brought together representatives from ministries of education, international and local NGOs and UNAIDS cosponsors. The report highlights a set of principles and the key elements needed to provide integrated care and support services for vulnerable children in schools.

  3. Responding to the education needs of children and adolescents affected by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Report on Town Hall Meeting, October 23, 2001

    On October 23, 2001, more than 100 people gathered at Peace Corps headquarters in Washington, D.C., for the third in a series of Town Hall Meetings to address the needs of orphans and vulnerable children in developing countries. The meeting focused on the challenge of educating children and adolescents affected by AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. By bringing together participants from a wide range of groups, including from both the education and health sectors, organizers hoped to stimulate a useful exchange of information. …

  4. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

  5. Protecting the rights of young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS in Africa: updating strategies and reinforcing existing networks

    The international workshop "Protecting the rights of young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS in Africa: Updating strategies and reinforcing existing networks" took place in UNESCO Headquarters co-organized by UNESCO and the Early Childhood Development Network for Africa (ECDNA) bringing together representatives of early childhood development NGOs, institutions and UN organizations working in Africa on issues of young children and HIV/AIDS, to identify strategies, lines of action and innovative approaches to respond to the needs of young children faced by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

  6. Orphans' Household Circumstances and Access to Education in a Maturing HIV Epidemic in Eastern Zimbabwe

    Levels of orphanhood and patterns of different forms (i.e.: double, paternal and maternal) of orphanhood will change as an HIV epidemic progresses. The implications of different forms of orphanhood for children's development will also change as the cumulative impact of a period of sustained high morbidity and mortality takes its toll on the adult population. In this article, we describe patterns of orphanhood and orphans' educational experience in populations in eastern Zimbabwe subject to a major HIV epidemic which is maturing into its endemic phase. …

  7. Letting them fail: Government neglect and the right to education for children affected by AIDS

    Governments in sub-Saharan Africa have failed to address the extraordinary barriers to education faced by children who are orphaned or otherwise affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 43 million school-age children do not attend school in the region. HIV/AIDS has caused unprecedented rates of adult mortality, leaving millions of children without parental care to ensure their access to education. …

  8. HIV/AIDS in ECOWAS Countries Regional Discussion Paper No. 2: Using the Education Sector to Combat the HIV/AIDS Pandemic in West Africa

    Senior Experts Conference on HIV/AIDS and Education in ECOWAS (West African Economic Community) Countries: Towards a Regional Mobilisation, March 19 to 24, 2001, Accra, Ghana

  9. HIV/AIDS and education in Africa: a Sencer backgrounder for discussion at SSI 2002 with 2003 update included

    This paper wil attempt to provide an overview of important aspects on HIV/AIDS in Africa along with commentary on the status of higher education, as well as its response to AIDS.

  10. HIV/AIDS and Education: From Policy to Practice - What works in the formal education sector?

    A one day symposium was held on the 5th November 2003 at the Department of Foreign Affairs, Iveagh House, Dublin, hosted by Development Cooperation Ireland (DCI), in cooperation with the UNAIDS Inter Agency Task Team on Education. The symposium was attended by representatives from UN agencies, Development Cooperation Ireland, civil society organisations from Ireland and from overseas, from an African Ministry of Education, and from academia. …

  11. Widening the 'Window of Hope': Using food aid to improve access to education for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan

    Ce document examine les problèmes et les contraintes liés à une programmation de l'aide alimentaire visant à améliorer l'accès des orphelins et des autres enfants vulnérables à l'éducation. Ses principales parties sont les suivantes: une introduction présentant quelques-unes des difficultés qui existent lorsque l'on s'occupe de la situation des orphelins et des enfants vulnérables sur le plan de l'éducation; une description des caractéristiques des orphelins et des enfants vulnérables, y compris l'endroit où ils vivent et les défis qu'ils doivent relever; l'impact du VIH et du SIDA sur le secteur éducatif; des considérations importantes pour l'action du PAM; les interventions d'ordre alimentaire et non-alimentaire possibles pour améliorer l'accès des enfants à l'éducation, aider leurs familles et renforcer la qualité du service fourni par ceux qui s'occupent des enfants malades du SIDA et de leur éducation; et enfin, une conclusion.

  12. Ensuring Access to Education for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children through Safe and Supportive Hostel Boarding Facilities

    The main objectives of this study were to: ascertain how far existing government and informal hostels catered for the needs of orphans and vulnerable children; assess the merits of alternatives to hostels; present an analysis of factors determining the success/failure of current community hostels; make recommendations on re-formulating entry qualifications for formal and informal hostels.

  13. Education and nutritional status of orphans and children of HIV-infected parents in Kenya

    We examine how school attendance and nutritional status differ between orphaned and fostered children, and between children of HIV-infected parents and non-HIV-infected parents in Kenya. Our analysis is based on information on 2,756 children age 0-4 years and 4,172 children age 6-14 years included in the male subsample of the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). …

  14. Draft HIV/AIDS and Education Policy and Strategic Planning Framework 2002-2006

    This document sets out provisional policy and strategic priorities identified by MINEDUC in the education sector's fight against HIV and AIDS. The battle against the HIV/AIDS pandemic is not only about limiting its spread. …

  15. Assessment of the impact of AIDS on the education sector in Rwanda

    Rwanda faces major challenges in strengthening its education system to meet national development objectives, as well as specific education goals of Universal Primary Education and Education for All. The HIV/AIDS epidemic creates an additional challenge to the system. This study is intended to provide information on current and expected HIV/AIDS impacts on the education sector in Rwanda, to inform planning. …

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