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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Integrated approach to HIV and water, sanitation and hygiene in Southern Africa. A gap and needs assessment

    This report documents findings of a rapid assessment on existing implementation linkages between HIV responses on one hand, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) on the other, in four southern African countries: Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia. The review was conducted in July 2014 by consultants commissioned by SAfAIDS and WaterAid. This rapid assessment is a forerunner of a number of pilot activities to be conducted in Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia to explore how HIV and WASH can be better integrated.

  2. National dialogues on HIV and the law: A practical manual for UNDP regional HIV teams and country offices

    This manual provides guidance on planning and holding a National Dialogue on HIV and the Law. It highlights key principles, processes, best practices and lessons learned from Regional Dialogues held by the Global Commission on HIV and the Law in 2011, and from countries that have already held a National Dialogue to advance the recommendations of the Global Commission. The manual includes links to practical tools that may be adapted to a specific country context, as well as other resource materials. …

  3. Sexual behavior among persons living with HIV in Uganda: Implications for policy and practice

    Introduction: HIV epidemics are sustained and propagated by new cases of infection which result from transmission from infected persons to uninfected susceptible individuals. People living with HIV (PLHIV) play a critical role in prevention if they adopt safer sexual behaviors. This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with safer sexual behaviors among PLHIV seeking care from civil society organizations (CSOs). …

  4. A post-2015 development agenda: Lessons from governance of HIV responses in Asia and the Pacific

    The purpose of this report is to describe experiences and lessons learned from governance of HIV responses in Asia and the Pacific to inform discussions and debates regarding the post-2015 development agenda. Chapter 1 includes: an overview of progress towards achievement of the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) and HIV epidemic trends and in Asia and the Pacific; key features of democratic governance incorporated into HIV responses in Asia and the Pacific; and ongoing governance challenges for HIV responses in the region. …

  5. The Socio-Economic Determinants of HIV/AIDS Infection Rates in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey, this article analyses the relationship between HIV status and the socio‐economic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. It constructs the risk profile of the average adult, computes the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and determines the percentage of adults for whom these three factors are positively correlated with that probability. …

  6. HIV and AIDS mainstreaming guidelines for the public, private and civil society organisations

    These guidelines aim at providing a step by step appraoch to the HIV and AIDS mainstreaming process for public, private and civil society organisations. They have been developed taking into consideration the differences in the conext and processes at policy and macro level, sectoral level, decentralised level, in private sector, and civil society organisations. The guidelines contain the following sections: a) Introduction: this section outlines the background information on HIV and AIDS; the purpose of the guidelines; the intended users of the guidelines and how the guidelines can be used. …

  7. National HIV/AIDS stakeholders and services mapping report

    This is a report of the national exercise undertaken to programmatically and geo-map HIV/AIDS stakeholders and services in order to redirect intervention focus and resources for the national response. The stakeholders in this mapping include civil society organizations, central and local government departments and other agencies involved in service provision. This exercise is focused on mapping of stakeholders by locating their physical address (presence), activity scope (interventions) and areas and beneficiaries covered by their interventions.

  8. Demography of HIV/AIDS in China

    The challenge to determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system. However, over the past few years, more information has become available about specific, at-risk populations. The nature of China's HIV epidemic complicates assessments about its future. …

  9. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  10. Laos PDR, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Laos are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region.The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  11. Cambodia, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Cambodia are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  12. PlusNews - Global HIV/AIDS News and Analysis

    This newsletter concerns South African countries. …

  13. Care, Involvement and Action: Mobilising and supporting community responses to HIV/AIDS care and support in developing countries

    Community Lessons, Global Learning is a partnership between the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and Glaxo Wellcome's Positive Action programme launched in 1997. …

  14. Getting sensitive. Helping civil society groups gain funding for gender-sensitive HIV programmes. An Exploratory Project in Malawi and Uganda

    In sub-Saharan Africa, home to two-thirds of all people living with HIV, 60% are now women. In some regions, women account for increasing percentages of all infections, especially young women (aged 15 to 24), who are particularly vulnerable. In sub-Saharan Africa, their risk of HIV infection is three to five times higher than that of young men (UNAIDS, 2008). The Exploratory Project was a partnership of GTZ and two established NGOs in Malawi and Uganda. …

  15. Law N° 64/2006/QH11 on HIV/AIDS prevention and control

    This law provides for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. After general considerations on HIV and AIDS, especially in Vietnam, this document establishes social measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (the role of information, education and communication, the mobilization of families, organizations and individuals in HIV/AIDS prevention and control). It alsoáexamines medical technical measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (testing, treatment and care of infected people).

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