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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Estado de la vinculación de la salud sexual y reproductiva, VIH y Sida e ITS en Chile

    Documento que analiza la legislación y políticas públicas de salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile. Este análisis lo relaciona luego con el VIH/sida y las ITS, y resalta la importancia de las políticas en el control de éstas. También analiza el accionar de organizaciones de la sociedad civil al respecto.

  2. Demography of HIV/AIDS in China

    The challenge to determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system. However, over the past few years, more information has become available about specific, at-risk populations. The nature of China's HIV epidemic complicates assessments about its future. …

  3. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  4. Laos PDR, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Laos are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region.The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  5. Cambodia, fighting a rising tide: the response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Cambodia are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  6. VIH-SIDA en América Latina desde la perspectiva social

    Estudio sobre la respuesta al VIH en diez países de América Latina: Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Perú y República Dominicana. Se analiza la situación desde el punto de vista de políticas públicas, de salud y respeto a los derechos de las personas afectadas y/o grupos vulnerables. Se destacan avances y problemas, además de la actuación de la sociedad civil. El texto aporta los resultados del análisis de estudios realizados entre abril y agosto del 2008. Los ámbitos de la respuesta analizados corresponden a: 1. …

  7. Getting sensitive. Helping civil society groups gain funding for gender-sensitive HIV programmes. An Exploratory Project in Malawi and Uganda

    In sub-Saharan Africa, home to two-thirds of all people living with HIV, 60% are now women. In some regions, women account for increasing percentages of all infections, especially young women (aged 15 to 24), who are particularly vulnerable. In sub-Saharan Africa, their risk of HIV infection is three to five times higher than that of young men (UNAIDS, 2008). The Exploratory Project was a partnership of GTZ and two established NGOs in Malawi and Uganda. …

  8. Les associations dans la réponse à l'épidémie VIH/Sida au Burkina Faso

    En 1986, les autorités sanitaires du Burna Faso déclaraient les premiers cas de sida à l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé. Les enquêtes de séroprévalence réalisées dès 1997 devaient révéler le caractère endémique de la maladie, faisant du « pays des Hommes Intègres » l'un des pays les plus touchés de l'frique de l'Ouest. En 1994, une étude nationale organisée parmi 2159 femmes enceintes dans 8 sites sentinelles montra une prévalence moyenne de 7,3 % (PNUD 2001 : 4). Neuf ans plus tard, la prévalence nationale était estimée à 4,2 % (ONUSIDA 2004). …

  9. Pioneers, partners, providers: the dynamics of civil society and AIDS funding in Southern Africa

    This report from the Open society initiative for Southern Africa and the Centre for AIDS Development Research and Evaluation examines the AIDS funding environment through a civil society lens. It presents and discusses findings from a six-country study access to AIDS funding by civil society organisations (CSOs) in southern Africa. The study draws upon data from 439 CSO conducting AIDS response activities as well as community case studies and interviews with a selection of donor institutions in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia. It focuses on the period 2001 to 2005.

  10. Understanding the institutional dynamics of Zimbabwe's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    This study examines the institutional arrangements established to address the challenges of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe. The first part of the study looks specifically at the Zimbabwe National AIDS Council (ZNAC) - its organisational structure and, to a limited extent, its programmes - while the second part of the study looks at selected non-governmental organisations (NGOs). This comparison is about clarifying the multi-sectoral approach with an attempt to understand the different and unique roles of each institution. …

  11. HIV and AIDS in China: The emerging response from UK based international development NGOs

    It is now recognised that China stands on the brink of a humanitarian disaster due to HIV, with over one million already infected and UN estimates that this will exceed ten million by 2010. Over one-fifth of the world's population live in China, which is undergoing rapid social change with liberalisation of the economy. There is currently a mass migration of men to meet the needs of economic growth. It is in this environment that sexual risk and injecting drug use behaviours flourish, and HIV spreads. …

  12. Ghana Human Development Report 2004. Breaking the HIV/AIDS chain: a human development challenge

    This report explores:the links between HIV/AIDS and efforts to promote social well-being; the social, cultural, religious and economic aspects of the prevention and management of the pandemic; the reorganisation of the health-care services to equip care-givers to deliver appropriate and adequate care to people living with HIV/AIDS and their families; public and private sector responses to the challenge of HIV/AIDS and human development, and collaboration with civil society and development partners.

  13. Longue quête d'un dialogue: l'expérience du Projet AIDSCAP au Sénégal dans l'implication des leaders d'opinion dans la lutte contre le SIDA

    This brochure is based on a case study of the political dialogue in Senegal on the issue of AIDS. It attempts to define mechanisms that promote this dialogue in which all the country's socio-political actors are expected to be involved.

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