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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Insight into the management and diffusion strategies of HIV/AIDS information in institutions of higher education in South Africa

    The study focuses on the management and diffusion of HIV/AIDS information in institutions of higher learning in South Africa. The HIV/AIDS policy for educators, learners and students provided a strong foundation on government involvement on HIV/AIDS management in higher education. Both qualitative and quantitative research design and methodologies were employed largely through survey, observation and document analysis. …

  2. Challenges in providing HIV and sexuality education to learners with disabilities in South Africa: the voice of educators

    People with disabilities are at increased risk of exposure to HIV, yet they lack access to HIV prevention, treatment care and support including sexuality education. Lack of knowledge, skills and confidence of educators teaching sexuality education to learners with disabilities is related to this increased vulnerability. This study identifies possible challenges educators of learners with disabilities face when teaching sexuality and HIV education. …

  3. Targeting HIV prevention messaging to a new generation of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men

    HIV prevention messaging has been shown to reduce or delay high-risk sexual behaviors in young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Since the onset of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, a new generation of YMSM has come of age during an evolution in communication modalities. Because both these communication technologies and this new generation remain understudied, the authors investigated the manner in which YMSM interact with HIV prevention messaging. …

  4. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  5. HIV/AIDS education in Tanzania: survey shows demand for better information

    Despite numerous national campaigns and millions of dollars spent on education and health services, HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in Tanzania remain at epidemic levels. Research has shown that it is important for anti-HIV initiatives to target the country's most vulnerable and high risk populations who contribute disproportionately to the spread of the illness. But what are the best ways for public health professionals to deliver information about HIV prevention to these populations? …

  6. The HIV/AIDS challenge in Mozambique: who is most at risk and how we can get more information to them

    HIV/AIDS is a major threat to the well-being of Mozambicans, not to mention to the country's economic and social development. Mozambique has one of the highest prevalence rates of HIV in the world. Close to 13 percent of the adult population between 15 and 49 is infected. Women, youth and young adults are most at risk. Analysis from AudienceScapes suggests that radio has the most potential for reaching women, youth and young adults. …

  7. Bangladesh HIV/AIDS communication challenges and strategies

    Bangladesh is in a precarious position in relation to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Rates are currently low compared to the rest of the South Asian region, and the disease is relatively confined to small, high-risk populations -mainly injection drug users (IDUs) and commercial sex workers. Yet if steps are not taken quickly to keep the epidemic in check, it could easily spread to the general population as it has in other countries nearby. This would both increase the negative impact of HIV/AIDS and make it much harder to target for containment. …

  8. Background Report: Establishing a Global Knowledge Network on HIV Stigma and Discrimination Reduction

    This report studies ways to build a global network on HIV Stigma and Discrimination Reduction. Such a network would allow people involved in program design, research and advocacy on this thema to share information, tools, and experiences; strategize on how to respond to research, program and policy gaps; and coordinate efforts to develop and expand program, research and advocacy strategies for reducing HIV and associated stigmas worldwide. …

  9. Media coverage of HIV/AIDS and TB issues in Ethiopia: challenges and opportunities. Comment analysis on selected newspapers

    Panos Eastern Africa in collaboration with Panos Ethiopia conducted a rapid review on media coverage of HIV and AIDS-TB co-infections in Ethiopia with the aim of identifying challenges and opportunities in improving reporting on these issues. The objective of the research is to conduct a rapid review on media coverage of HIV and AIDS-TB co-infections based on qualitative and quantitative research with the aim of identifying the challenges and opportunities through critical analysis of the media coverage of HIV and AIDS and TB. …

  10. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  11. InfoDev : facilitating communications in response to HIV/AIDS in South-East Asia : UNAIDS case study

    Over the last decade developed countries have experienced a transformation in the scope and reach of information technologies and infrastructures. However, this digital revolution has been slow to materialize in developing countries, further marginalizing them and creating a digital divide. Innovative ways must be explored to leverage these new technologies for a range of development opportunities in the HIV/AIDS field from distance learning to bringing basic HIV/AIDS prevention information to patients and practitioners. …

  12. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, China, People's Republic of

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of the People's Republic of China's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  13. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Maldives

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of Maldives' adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  14. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, India

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of India's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

  15. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Vietnam

    The case study describes the demographic characteristics of Viet Nam's adolescent population; documents their programmes in responding to problems associated with adolescent reproductive health; highlights the advocacy and IEC strategies used to promote the ARH messages; culls out the lessons learned, analyzing the factors which contributed to their successes and failures; and finally based on these experiences, presents guidelines on how to run advocacy and IEC programmes on adolescent reproductive health successfully.

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