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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender, peer and partner influences on adolescent HIV risk in rural South Africa

    In preparation for a school-based intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of potential HIV risk factors in youth ages 14–17 (n=983). Boys were significantly more likely than girls to report lifetime sexual activity (37.7% v. 13.8%, P<0.01). Among boys and girls, 46.1% reported condom use at last sex. Discussion of condom use with a partner was the strongest predictor of condom use (boys, odds ratio (OR)=7.39; girls, OR=5.58, P<0.0001). …

  2. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  3. Life planning skills: a curriculum for young people in Africa, Ghana Version. Participant's workbook

    This curriculum is designed to help youth in Ghana face the challenges of growing up. The set includes a facilitator's manual and a workbook for participants. …

  4. Curricula Review of Emergency Plan Centrally-Funded HIV Prevention Programs for Youth

    In an effort to mitigate the spread of HIV in developing nations, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports HIV prevention programs that emphasize abstinence and be faithful for youth (ABY) among a broader array of prevention interventions. The focus of this report is on multi-country, multi-year PEPFAR ABY programs implemented by 14 nongovernmental and faith-based organizations that were awarded a total of $100 million in central funding by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Office of HIV/AIDS at the beginning of PEPFAR. …

  5. Life planning skills: a curriculum for young people in Africa, Ghana Version. Facilitator's manual

    This curriculum is designed to help youth in Ghana face the challenges of growing up. The set includes a facilitator's manual and a workbook for participants. …

  6. Condom social marketing : selected case studies

    The document presents applications of different social marketing techniques drawn from on-going projects in developing countries in the field of reproductive health and prevention of HIV/AIDS and STDs.

  7. Starting the discussion steps to making sex safer: a guide for community-based workers

    The guide provides ideas for training activities which can be used for enabling people to participate more actively in discussion about HIV prevention and making sex safer.

  8. Kafue adolescent reproductive health project (KARHP), peer education through family life education clubs

    This programme is included in the Source Book of HIV/AIDS Prevention Program that presents 13 case studies of good and promising practices of HIV/AIDS prevention programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. Its overall aim is to develop strategies for the delivery of Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and Family Life Education (FLE) information services to in-school youth between the ages of 10-24. Trained peer educators, parent-elder educators and health providers act as channels to deliver SRH and FLE services to the youth, as well as to mobilize and sensitize the wider community. …

  9. The impact of individual differences on the willingness of teachers in Mozambique to communicate about HIV/AIDS in schools and communities

    The overall purpose of this study was to understand what factors contribute to teachers' willingness to communicate about HIV/AIDS in the broad educational setting (schools and communities). The study sought to fill the gap in the research on teachers and HIV/AIDS which has typically focused on cataloguing teachers' knowledge and attitudes, but without relating them directly to practice. …

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