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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. An innovative approach to using both cellphones and the radio to identify young people’s sexual concerns in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

    Background: As teenagers have easy access to both radio programs and cell phones, the current study used these tools so that young people could anonymously identify questions about sex and other related concerns in the urban environment of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The purpose of this healthcare intervention was to identify and address concerns raised by young people, which are related to sexual health, and which promote youth health. Methods: This healthcare intervention was conducted over a six month period and consisted of a survey carried out in Kinshasa. …

  2. South Africans take action. Key findings of the third South African National HIV Communication survey, 2012

    The Third South African National HIV Communication Survey (NCS) was jointly conducted by Johns Hopkins Health and Education in South Africa (JHHESA), loveLife and Soul City, with funding from PEPFAR through USAID. The survey was managed by Health and Development Africa and field work was conducted by Freshly Ground Insights. Data analysis was jointly conducted by Health and Development Africa and Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Communication Programs. …

  3. Gender, peer and partner influences on adolescent HIV risk in rural South Africa

    In preparation for a school-based intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of potential HIV risk factors in youth ages 14–17 (n=983). Boys were significantly more likely than girls to report lifetime sexual activity (37.7% v. 13.8%, P<0.01). Among boys and girls, 46.1% reported condom use at last sex. Discussion of condom use with a partner was the strongest predictor of condom use (boys, odds ratio (OR)=7.39; girls, OR=5.58, P<0.0001). …

  4. Jamaican Mothers' Influences of Adolescent Girls' Sexual Beliefs and Behaviors

    The purpose of this study was to identify the ways in which urban Jamaican mothers influence their adolescent daughters' sexual beliefs and behaviors in order to incorporate them into the design of a family-based, HIV risk-reduction intervention program. Focus groups were conducted with forty-six 14- to 18-year-old adolescent girls and 30 mothers or female guardians of adolescent girls recruited from community-based organizations in and around Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica. Separate focus groups were held with mothers and daughters; each included 6 to 10 participants. …

  5. HIV-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and practices of young people in Cross River State and Kogi State, Nigeria

    Communication for Change (C-Change) works around the world to improve the effectiveness and sustainability of social and behavior change communication (SBCC) across program areas, including health, environment, economic growth and poverty alleviation, and democracy and governance. In Nigeria, C-Change supports health and HIV prevention objectives of the USAID Mission. The project is building SBCC capacity for country-driven interventions that aim to prevent new HIV infections, reduce HIV prevalence among high-risk groups, and stabilize HIV prevalence within the general population. …

  6. Kenya national HIV and AIDS communication strategy for youth, 2007

    This Communication Strategy provides a broad framework that will guide communication on youth and HIV and AIDS in Kenya for the next three years. It intends to address needs and gaps in communication programming identified in the areas of knowledge, skills and self-efficacy, capacity, coordination, policy support and utilisation of services. These issues were identified through a situation analysis conducted at the beginning of developing this strategy, and from consultations with stakeholders implementing HIV and AIDS programmes among the youth.

  7. The HIV challenge to education: a collection of essays

    The 10 essays in this volume look at the many and complex relationships between HIV/AIDS and education. It is clear that education in an AIDS-affected world cannot be the same as that in an AIDS-free world. It is imperative to adapt educational planning and management principles, curriculum-development goals, and the provision of education itself, in order to take into account this pandemic which affects the very fabric of society. …

  8. Gender relations and sexual communication among female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam

    Young women's ability to pursue a safer-sex life in line with their wishes is crucial to their sexual health. Although some previous observations have suggested that young women's lack of ability to negotiate safer sex is due to gender power imbalances in the culture of Vietnam, studies that have tested this hypothesis explicitly and quantitatively are few and far between. The present study aimed to test the association between perceived gender relations and perceived self-efficacy in communicating sexual matters among undergraduate female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam. …

  9. Executive Summary: Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior, pregnancy, childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: What are important? Which can you change?

    Executive Summary: Sexual Risk and Protective Factors. Factors Affecting Teen Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy, Childbearing And Sexually Transmitted Disease: What Are Important? Which Can You Change? is a document part of the project of the United States National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. It addresses two main primary questions: 1) what factors influence adolescents' decisions about sex? And 2) Which of these factors can be altered? By identifying and targeting those factors it tries to provide information to reduce sexual risk-taking.

  10. Drugs, alcohol, and gay men. Information and some things to think about

    Alcool, drogues et milieu gai. Information et pistes de réflexion est une brochure éditée en 2007 par l'organisme Séro Zéro, aujourd'hui rebaptisée Rézo. Ce document vise à informer et à responsabiliser les membres de la communauté gaie sur les dangers de la consommation de drogues, de l'alcool et des comportements à risque en découlant. En effet, il rappelle l'importance de conserver des comportements sexuels surs pour prévenir de nouvelles infections au VIH/sida. …

  11. Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève

    Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève est un document édité par l'association homosexuelle Dialogai et l'Institut de médecine sociale et préventive de l'Université de Zurich. A la suite d'une enquête minutieuse, le document dresse un état des lieux de la situation de hommes gais à Genève en fonction de l'âge, due statu socio-économique, du lieu de domicile, de la culture et du genre, des facteurs psycho-sociaux ou encore du soutien social. Il identifie ainsi les problèmes, les tabous et les souffrances endurés par de nombreux gais. …

  12. Pompier - bon oeil. Tout sur le thème du sexe oral pour les gays et bisexuels de tout âge

    Pompier - bon oeil. Tout sur le thème du sexe oral pour les gays et bisexuels de tout âge est une brochure regroupant une série de questions intéressantes posées sur le forum internet drgay.ch au sujet de la fellation et de ses risques. La brochure répond donc aux questions telles que « les gouttes qui s'écoulent du pénis bien avant l'orgasme représentent-elles un danger ? », « qu'en est-il des autres maladies ? » « que dois-je faire si j'ai du sperme dans sur les lèvres ou dans la bouche ? », ou encore « et si mes gencives saignent ? »

  13. Les bases pour comprendre le VIH/sida

    Les bases pour comprendre le VIH/sida est un petit guide édité par l'association de lutte contre le sida et les hépatites virales, AIDES, en 2009. Le document fournit les informations de bases essentielles en matière de VIH/sida. Il présente ainsi : 1) les risques de contamination ; 2) les moyens de protection ; 3) le traitement d'urgence ; 4) le dépistage ; 5) la prise en charge médicale ; etc.

  14. Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du formateur

    Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du formateur est un document produit par le Secrétariat exécutif permanent du Conseil national de lutte contre le SIDA de la République du Congo. Ce guide a pour but de favoriser les discussions communautaires en amenant les gens à prendre en compte les répercussions liées à la situation donnée. …

  15. Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du facilitateur

    Les conversations communautaires en réponse au VIH/SIDA. Guide du facilitateur est un document produit par le Secrétariat exécutif permanent du Conseil national de lutte contre le SIDA de la République du Congo. Ce guide du facilitateur a été produit pour répondre au besoin croissant d'outils permettant de développer des actions de mobilisation communautaire en matière de VIH/SIDA. Ce guide est conçu comme un outil d'orientation pour la préparation, la facilitation et le suivi des conversations communautaires. …

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