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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sero-status of preschoolers and disclosure to schools

    Infants with HIV-infection have longevity due to improved Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), making many realise their developmental progression which includes access to schooling. However, there is scant information that focuses on disclosure of their positive sero-status to schools and how these children understand and communicate their illnesses. This paper reports on a study of experiences of children affected by HIV and AIDS in Kenya. …

  2. Can campus radio and social media mobilise students to rediscover their risk? HEAIDS Future Beats Pilot Project Research Report

    The Higher Education and Training HIV/AIDS Programme (HEAIDS) is a national programme to develop and support the HIV/TB/STI and General Health and Wellness mitigation initiatives at South Africa’s public Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Colleges. HEAIDS has introduced an innovative youth development project known as ‘Future Beats’, funded by the German International Cooperation (GIZ) and the DHET. …

  3. Communication strategy on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health for higher education institutions

    This strategy document has eight sections. Section one discusses about the overview of HIV/AIDS and SRH in Ethiopia and in the HEIs; together with the policy environment for education sector activities in the field of HIV/AIDS/STIs/SRH. Section two states the rationale for the communication strategy; while section three provides an overview of environmental scan carried out through SWOT analysis. Section four has details on the major HIV/AIDS and SRH problems, risk factors and underlying causes identified among students of HEIs in the country. …

  4. Investigating the use of social networking sites and their implications for HIV/Aids communication amongst Rhodes University students

    The rise and dominance of social networking sites has generated increasing interest amongst scholars, mainly to understand their nature and the activities supported by these social sites. Studies conducted on social networking sites have generated information on the potential of such sites in boosting revenue-generating businesses, with limited research on how online sites can be used to address the social challenges faced by societies today. This article maintains that online social sites, in particular HIV/Aids-related sites, can possibly be used for HIV/Aids communication. …

  5. Young people's perspectives on the adoption of preventive measures for HIV/AIDS, malaria and family planning in South-West Uganda: focus group study

    The aim of the study was to explore young people's understanding and knowledge about why protective measures against HIV/AIDS, malaria and unplanned pregnancy are not taken by those at risk in Uganda. The study results were that the participants (all from secondary school in Kanungu Uganda) could identify reasons why preventive action was not taken. These reasons included misconceptions, the inpracticability of abstinence, and fear of side effects of several key interventions. The article argues that there is an apportunity to improve preventive measures by tackling these issues. …

  6. Gender, peer and partner influences on adolescent HIV risk in rural South Africa

    In preparation for a school-based intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of potential HIV risk factors in youth ages 14–17 (n=983). Boys were significantly more likely than girls to report lifetime sexual activity (37.7% v. 13.8%, P<0.01). Among boys and girls, 46.1% reported condom use at last sex. Discussion of condom use with a partner was the strongest predictor of condom use (boys, odds ratio (OR)=7.39; girls, OR=5.58, P<0.0001). …

  7. Fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages: young people's perceptions in northern Tanzania

    The aims of the study were to elicit the perceptions of young people in Tanzania on the role of fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages and to identify important contextual factors that may influence young people's perceptions of HIV-prevention posters. A total of 10 focus groups were conducted to investigate the role of fear appeals using the extended parallel process model (EPPM) as a guide. …

  8. Sociodemographic variations in communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS with parents, family members and teachers among in-school adolescents: a multi-site study in Tanzania and South Africa

    This paper aims to identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. The mean ages were as follows: CapeTown, 13.38 years (standard deviation (SD). …

  9. Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth

    HIV prevention programming is increasingly taking place in school settings, which provide an expansive population of young people and offer immense potential for making a large and much-needed impact in the lives of this target group. The Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth (PIASCY) is an ambitious, school-based programme that has sought to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Uganda in a holistic manner since 2002, targeting young people, school personnel, parents, and the wider community. …

  10. THE TEST: A Test in Time Saves Lives: An activity handbook for helping teenagers learn about VCT (Voluntary Counselling and Testing for HIV/AIDS)

    This guide is a resource booklet for adult and peer facilitators to encourage young people between the ages of 11-18 to explore the issues surrounding Voluntary Counselling and Testing for HIV/AIDS (VCT) through holistic interactive programmes (combination of heart, head and hand responses) that help them achieve their right to health. This booklet came about as a result of a national process to develop guidelines and a code of conduct for VCT for HIV, relating to children. …

  11. Ecole et SIDA. Guide de l'Animateur

    Ecole et SIDA. Guide de l'Animateur est un document développé par le Ministère de l'enseignement primaire et secondaire de la République du Congo avec le soutien de l'UNICEF. "Ecole et Sida" est une boîte à images, c'est-à-dire un assemblage d'affiches imprimées qui véhiculent chacune un message éducatif, et servent de supports à l'action de communication avec les élèves lors des séances éducatives sur le SIDA. …

  12. Education sexuelle par les pairs éducateurs jeunes. Guide du formateur

    Education sexuelle par les pairs éducateurs jeunes. Guide du formateur est un document développé par le Conseil national de lutte contre le sida de la République du Congo. Il a pour objectif de fournir aux formateurs un outil pédagogique pour animer les ateliers de formation d'éducateurs pairs jeunes au Congo Brazzaville et de suivre les activités de ces derniers. …

  13. Current Research and Good Practice in HIV and AIDS Treatment Education

    This paper on Current Research and Good Practice in HIV and AIDS Treatment Education was written for the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) for presentation at a Technical Consultation in Paris, France 22-23 November 2005. This paper describes current research and field experiences related to HIV and AIDS treatment education undertaken with individuals and communities and focuses on a select number of treatment education programmes that are currently underway in Kenya, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and Zambia. …

  14. Projecto Fortalecimento do Sistema Educativo em Angola para Combater o VIH/SIDA - Avaliação Final

    Este documento é a avaliação final do Projecto Fortalecimento do Sistema Educativo em Angola para Combater o VIH/SIDA, executado pelo Ministério da Educação de Angola com recursos financeiros do Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD)/Angola. E uma das importantes respostas à epidemia de VIH/SIDA em Angola. O projecto foi iniciado efectivamente em 2003 e executado durante quatro anos. Esta avaliação pretende apresentar os resultados atingidos pelo projecto, bem como destacar as dificuldades encontradas no processo de execução das actividades. …

  15. Community Advocates Training Manual. The HIV/AIDS Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria

    Community Advocates Training Manual. The HIV/AIDS Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria is a curriculum developed by Population Council, Nigeria, under the HIV Prevention Project for Vulnerable Youth in Northern Nigeria funded by USAID/Nigeria. The document was developed as a tool for training community advocates to conduct advocacy activities on the issues of early marriage, HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. The curriculum is developed on the premise that community representatives can speak out on issues concerning their lives and community, if given necessary skills. …

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