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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Jamaican Mothers' Influences of Adolescent Girls' Sexual Beliefs and Behaviors

    The purpose of this study was to identify the ways in which urban Jamaican mothers influence their adolescent daughters' sexual beliefs and behaviors in order to incorporate them into the design of a family-based, HIV risk-reduction intervention program. Focus groups were conducted with forty-six 14- to 18-year-old adolescent girls and 30 mothers or female guardians of adolescent girls recruited from community-based organizations in and around Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica. Separate focus groups were held with mothers and daughters; each included 6 to 10 participants. …

  2. Evaluation of the epidemiological impact of harm reduction programs on HIV in Vietnam

    This impact assessment study aims to examine coverage of harm reduction interventions in Vietnam among injecting drug users and female sex workers from 2004-2009 and to understand the HIV transmission dynamics in Vietnam and to estimate the extent to which harm reduction interventions among core groups have contributed towards epidemiological trends and reduced HIV transmission in Vietnam during the 2004-2009 strategy.

  3. Vijana tunaweza Newala: findings from a participatory research and action project in Tanzania

    Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be hiV-positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their their mental and physical well being. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that aimed to both understand and respond to girls’ HIV-related vulnerabilities. …

  4. A Manual for Lower Secondary HFLE Teachers

    This manual is intended to assist upper primary and lower secondary school teachers in the delivery of the Health and Family Life Education (HFLE) curriculum particularly in the area of human sexuality. In an effort to make teachers more comfortable with material and so to improve their levels of competency in the area of the curriculum regarding Human Sexuality, the Ministry of Education has embarked on a number of initiatives. This manual on Human Sexuality is one such initiative. …

  5. Drugs, alcohol, and gay men. Information and some things to think about

    Alcool, drogues et milieu gai. Information et pistes de réflexion est une brochure éditée en 2007 par l'organisme Séro Zéro, aujourd'hui rebaptisée Rézo. Ce document vise à informer et à responsabiliser les membres de la communauté gaie sur les dangers de la consommation de drogues, de l'alcool et des comportements à risque en découlant. En effet, il rappelle l'importance de conserver des comportements sexuels surs pour prévenir de nouvelles infections au VIH/sida. …

  6. Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève

    Projet santé gaie. Les premiers résultats de l'enquête sur la santé des hommes gais de Genève est un document édité par l'association homosexuelle Dialogai et l'Institut de médecine sociale et préventive de l'Université de Zurich. A la suite d'une enquête minutieuse, le document dresse un état des lieux de la situation de hommes gais à Genève en fonction de l'âge, due statu socio-économique, du lieu de domicile, de la culture et du genre, des facteurs psycho-sociaux ou encore du soutien social. Il identifie ainsi les problèmes, les tabous et les souffrances endurés par de nombreux gais. …

  7. Pompier - bon oeil. Tout sur le thème du sexe oral pour les gays et bisexuels de tout âge

    Pompier - bon oeil. Tout sur le thème du sexe oral pour les gays et bisexuels de tout âge est une brochure regroupant une série de questions intéressantes posées sur le forum internet drgay.ch au sujet de la fellation et de ses risques. La brochure répond donc aux questions telles que « les gouttes qui s'écoulent du pénis bien avant l'orgasme représentent-elles un danger ? », « qu'en est-il des autres maladies ? » « que dois-je faire si j'ai du sperme dans sur les lèvres ou dans la bouche ? », ou encore « et si mes gencives saignent ? »

  8. Plano Integrado de Enfrentamento da Feminização da Epidemia de Aids e outras DST

    Plano Integrado de Enfrentamento da Feminização da Epidemia de Aids e outras DST e um documento elaborado pelo Ministério da Saúde do Brasil em 2007. Resultado de uma parceria que procurou reunir esforços e alçar voo a partir da articulação intersetorial e da participação de parceiras/os da sociedade civil, o Plano tem como elemento fundamental o enfrentamento das múltiplas vulnerabilidades que contribuem para que as mulheres brasileiras estejam mais suscetíveis à infecção pelo HIV e a outras doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. …

  9. Therapeutic Education: Recommendations Regarding Disclosure of HIV Status to Children under ARV in MSF Projects

    Therapeutic Education: Recommendations Regarding Disclosure of HIV Status to Children under ARV in MSF Projects is a document developed by Médecins sans frontières, in 2005. It focuses particularly upon the objectives and means of disclosure of pediatric HIV. The general objective in the care of HIV in the child could be defined as the following: To help the child to grow and develop despite his illness, and to live as well as possible, through a structured and structuring care environment. …

  10. Crianças órfãs e vulneráveis no contexto do HIV/SIDA em Moçambique

    Este documento foi concebido pela UNICEF Moçambique e trata do problema das crianças órfãs e vulneráveis ao HIV/SIDA. O SIDA está a tornar-se rapidamente na maior causa de mortalidade infantil. Em 2006, estima-se que existam 99,000 crianças com menos de 15 anos de idade que vivem com HIV/SIDA, e aproximadamente 80 por cento destas têm menos de cinco anos. A pandemia do SIDA continua a contribuir para o aumento de crianças órfãs e vulneráveis. Estima-se que há para cima de 1,6 milhoes de órfaos em Moçambique e que mais de 20 por cento destes sao resultado do SIDA. …

  11. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Introduction and module A. Using the toolkit, naming the problem

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. The toolkit has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. It consists in a collection of participatory training exercices to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination.The present document contains the introduction to the toolkit and the Module A, "Naming the problem". …

  12. Girls' Power Initiative. Training manual. Level 3. Adolescent Sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitators to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual (level 3) was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

  13. Supporting orphans and other vulnerable children through communication and basic counselling: a reference guide for service providers

    There have been many counselling interventions since the onset of HIV/AIDS in Uganda but most have focused on adults. The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD) with CORE Initiative and CORE Initiative partners identified that the specific needs for counselling of orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC), defined under different categories within the National Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children's Policy (NOP), still need to be addressed. …

  14. Lifting the burden of secrecy: a manual for HIV-positive people who want to speak out in public

    This is a guide for HIV-positive people who are considering speaking out in person, to any group of people about their experience of living with HIV. It quotes 76 HIV-positive speakers from Asia, the Pacific, Australia and Africa and presents the reasons, benefits and negative consequences of speaking out in public. The social, legal and financial aspects of the support needed by an HIV-positive person before going public are considered. The practical skills and steps for public speaking are discussed.

  15. Los jóvenes y el VIH/SIDA ¿Podemos evitar una catástrofe?

    Los jóvenes de hoy constituyen la generación del SIDA. Nunca han conocido un mundo sin VIH. Millones de ellos ya han muerto. Pero para los adultos y los jóvenes mismos la epidemia entre estos últimos permanece casi invisible. Para detener la propagación del VIH/SIDA se necesitan estrategias globales centradas en la juventud.

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