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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Orphan and vulnerable children: health policy interventions in India

    This paper reviews and discusses studies and interventions which have addressed the problems and concerns of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in India. Most of the research and commentary on OVC is based on investigations conducted in African countries. Accordingly, this review focuses on OVC in India in order to facilitate further critical discussion and the development of appropriate programmes and policies for the Indian context. …

  2. The different forms of structures involved in the community response for vulnerable children, and what are they best placed to do

    Initiatives from the local community have been a major part of what has been provided towards the needs of vulnerable children. …

  3. External resources for vulnerable children flowing through community level initiatives: the experiences, concerns and suggestions of initiative leaders and caregivers in Uganda

    Despite significant policy commitments to external resources reaching vulnerable children through communities, little information is available on what happens to these resources particularly as they enter, and flow through, the community. This study explored the related experiences, concerns and suggestions of two critical groups of stakeholders, whose voices are rarely heard: leaders of community initiatives and caregivers. …

  4. Orphan competent communities: a framework for community analysis and action

    Vulnerable children in Africa have traditionally been absorbed and supported by their communities. However, in the context of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and poverty, communities are increasingly stretched, compromising the quality of care available to children affected by AIDS. This calls for an understanding of the processes that best facilitate the capacity of communities to provide good quality care and support. In the interests of furthering debate and practice in this area, we seek to develop an analytical framework that builds upon two inter-linked strands. …

  5. Looking within: creating community safety nets for vulnerable youth in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

    This case study describes the work of a program implemented by Youth Alive Tanzania, a faith-based organization in Dar-es-Salaam, which created The Youth and Parents Crisis Counseling Center (YOPAC) in 1999. YOPAC was established by Youth Alive with the specific aim of helping children and youth protect their access to education, including primary and secondary education, as well as vocational training. YOPAC's other activities include home-based care, HIV testing and counseling, psychosocial care and support, education, and outreach programming. …

  6. Innovations in education: the role of the education sector in combating HIV/AIDS

    From 2002-2005 Africare implemented the Community Based Care, Protection and Empowerment (COPE) for Children Affected by AIDS (CABA) project in Mutasa District of Zimbabwe. The goal of the project was to encourage shared responsibility for orphans and vulnerable children by increasing community capacity to respond to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  7. Bantwana schools integrated program (BSIP) Swaziland child profiling tool

    The Child Profiling Tool is designed to help look at critical aspects of child development in Swazi schools as part of the Bantwana Schools Integrated Program (BSIP). BSIP was launched in April 2008 with the aim to help children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS access the full range of support and comprehensive care they need to grow into healthy adults. The BSIP in Swaziland works to support school committees and schools to provide a range of comprehensive services for vulnerable children. …

  8. Children to the fore! An easy-to-use training handbook that promotes child rights and cultural issues in the face of HIV in southern Africa

    The aim of this handbook is to ensure that children's rights are known, recognised and respected in communities, especially in situations where they may be compromised by cultural and traditional practices - or when their realisation is threatened by the circumstances of the HIV epidemic. It offers trainers, community-based volunteers, and others working with, or on behalf of, children the knowledge and skills to integrate child rights into their programme work, so that they become effective trainers or advocates for child rights. …

  9. Generating demand and community support for sexual and reproductive health services for young people: a review of the literature and programmes

    To support the health sector in identifying and implementing a few strategic, do-able, evidence-based interventions to create demand for sexual and reproductive health services by adolescents who need them and to stimulate community acceptance and support for their provision, a global review of the evidence was compiled. Using a standard methodology, evidence from thirty studies was reviewed on interventions for generating demand through the provision of information, education and communication via several different channels. …

  10. AIDS mitigation initiative to enhance care and support in Bikava, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE project)

    The AIDS Mitigation Initiative to Enhance Care and Support in Bukavu, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE) Project was a four-year community-led, cross-sectoral project to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in three of Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC) major urban centers through sustainable, community-led and multisectoral support to People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). …

  11. Protocols for community based youth friendly health services for rural youth in the context of HIV and AIDS

    This Protocol is a part of Oxfam's efforts to promote the provision of community based sexual, reproductive health and HIV services for young people in the rural and tribal areas. The protocol can be used by the various community based health service providers in the rural areas for providing information services, counselling and testing, treatment for RTIs/STIs and other infections and home based care for people living with HIV. …

  12. Toolkit for positive change: providing family-focused results-driven and cost-effective programming for orphans and vulnerable children

    The Positive Change: Children, Communities and Care (PC3) Program is a five-year (2004-2009) integrated and comprehensive program designed to provide care and support to more than half a million orphaned and vulnerable children and their families throughout the country of Ethiopia. The Program emphasizes community-based, results-oriented, and family-focused efforts which reduce the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on children, families and communities and increases capacity of local organizations and communities to positively respond to the needs of OVC. …

  13. Evaluating the impact of community-based interventions on schooling outcomes among orphans and vulnerable children in Lusaka, Zambia

    In sub-Saharan Africa, an estimated 12 million children under the age of 18 have lost a parent to AIDS. Despite this situation, the evidence regarding effectiveness of interventions targeting these children remains scant. This paper contributes to the literature by evaluating the impact of a community-based program implemented by a Zambian nongovernmental agency (NGO) on educational outcomes among orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Lusaka, Zambia. These outcomes included school enrollment and being at the correct age-for-grade. …

  14. Guidance brief: community-based HIV interventions for young people

    This Brief has been developed by the Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on HIV and Young People to assist United Nations Country Teams (UNCT) and UN Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS in providing guidance to their staffs, governments, development partners, civil society and other implementing partners on community HIV interventions for young people. It is part of a series of seven global Guidance Briefs that focus on HIV prevention, treatment, care and support interventions for young people that can be delivered through different settings for a range of target groups.

  15. Programming for adolescent health and development: report of a WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF Study Group on Programming for Adolescent Health

    This report is a synthesis of the materials and experts' opinions presented in the WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF Study Group on Programming for Adolescent Health. The report is presented according to the components of the framework of the country programmes which are: goals of programmes, guiding concepts, major interventions, intervention settings, keys to success, building political commitment, assessing priorities for action, maintaining implementation, and monitoring and evaluation.

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