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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A road map for school health promotion, a model for cognitive-oriented school health policy making and implementing policies for schools

    Background: School health promotion programs implemented in different countries have experienced varying degrees of success. Their success rate depends on various factors such as adaptation with the local charactristics of communities. Objectives: This paper aims to provide an experimental model for school health policy making in a large group of non-governmental schools in Iran. Materials and Methods: To institutionalize school health policies, appropriate organizational structure was established at the headquarters. …

  2. A Multi-level Model of Sexual Behavior among Young people in Nyanza, Kenya

    Using data collected from 3645 sexually active grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study estimates the impact of individual, school and community level variables on condom use among sexually experienced young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Based on the findings, the document recommends that AIDS prevention interventions take account not only of individual-level factors, but also school and community influences on the sexual behaviours of youth.

  3. Social determinants of sexual and reproductive health: Informing future research and programme implementation

    The relationship between poverty and poor reproductive health is well established. While the last two decades have seen improvements in access to and utilization of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, progress in many countries has been slow and - after decades of investments - disappointing. Social activists and health analysts have highlighted the potential role that persistent inequities in health play in hindering progress towards achieving international and national development goals. …

  4. HIV/AIDS in Latin America from social point of view

    This study on HIV/AIDS-related legislation and public policies developed by the Latin American Social Sciences Institute (FLACSO) between March and June 2008 aims not only to identify specific policies and laws on HIV and AIDS but also to broaden the scope so as to include those that guarantee or obstruct the rights of key populations. …

  5. HIV and AIDS in China: The emerging response from UK based international development NGOs

    It is now recognised that China stands on the brink of a humanitarian disaster due to HIV, with over one million already infected and UN estimates that this will exceed ten million by 2010. Over one-fifth of the world's population live in China, which is undergoing rapid social change with liberalisation of the economy. There is currently a mass migration of men to meet the needs of economic growth. It is in this environment that sexual risk and injecting drug use behaviours flourish, and HIV spreads. …

  6. Communities facing the HIV/AIDS challenge: From crisis to opportunity, from community vulnerability to community resilience

    Rural households are managing as best they can in a rapidly changing and often threatening world which makes them vulnerable to the risk of HIV infection and ill-equipped to cope with the effects of AIDS. Their chances of managing can be improved if they function in a supportive environment. …

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