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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The different forms of structures involved in the community response for vulnerable children, and what are they best placed to do

    Initiatives from the local community have been a major part of what has been provided towards the needs of vulnerable children. …

  2. Positively caring: ensuring that positive choices can be made about the care of children affected by HIV

    This report examines the impacts of HIV on the care choices of children, exploring how HIV affects whether or not children can remain within parental care, and on the alternative care options open to them. It is based on qualitative research in Malawi, India and Ukraine, and on a global literature review. It is in response to alarming global evidence on the rising numbers of children outside of parental care, and growing global recognition that responses to HIV should centre on increased support to families as the best means of providing care and protection for children.

  3. The role of the health sector in strengthening systems to support children's healthy development in communities affected by HIV/AIDS: A review

    This document is a review of the scientic evidence and practice experience in providing what has come to be called psychosocial programming and support for children infected with and affected by HIV, and their caregivers. A great deal of attention is currently focused on psychosocial support programmes for children living in communities affected by HIV/AIDS. Efforts to promote the psychosocial well-being of vulnerable children require conditions and assistance that go beyond psychosocial support programmes. …

  4. HIV prevention in young people in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    This updated review will focus on interventions carried out and/or published from January 2005 - December 2008. Since the first Steady, Ready, Go! (SRG) review was carried out, the results of several major randomized controlled trials of adolescent HIV prevention interventions conducted in Africa have been reported. …

  5. The Current and Future Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on South Africa's Children

    This chapter has three aims. One, to investigate the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic upon the children of South Africa with a focus on health, welfare and education implications. Two, to examine the responses of families, communities, civil society and governments to the crisis confronting the children. Three, to critique those responses and offer alternatives, which may assist in improving the impacts on children.

  6. Taking Better Care? Review of a decade of work with orphans and vulnerable children in Rakai, Uganda

    This study was carried out between March and September 2003. It aims to inform policymakers at national and international levels about models of community-based care for children who have lost one or both parents (orphans) and vulnerable children - in particular, models which are sustainable and capable of delivering long-term benefits for children. …

  7. Reaching out to Africa's orphans: A framework for public action

    AIDS, conflicts, and other crises have swelled the number of orphans in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, thereby threatening realization of the Millennium Development Goals in the areas of education, health, nutrition, and poverty reduction. Few studies have attempted to synthesize evidence of risks to orphans or to analyze the extent and effectiveness of actions by governments and others to mitigate the risks. …

  8. Community Care of Orphans in Zimbabwe: The Farm Orphans Support Trust (FOST)

    The Farm Orphan Support Trust of Zimbabwe (FOST) is a state registered Private Voluntary Organisation. It is a national programme which solicits and facilitates support for children in especially difficult circumstances, particularly orphans, on commercial farms in Zimbabwe. It seeks to avoid costly and culturally undesirable institutional care, by keeping children in their communities of origin.

  9. Community Based Orphan Assistance in Malawi: Demographic Crisis As Development Opportunity

    This report is a follow up activity resultant from the release on World AIDS Day of 'Children on the Brink'. Children on the Brink served as a wake up call for the international development community on the issue of children orphaned by AIDS as it portrays the scale and urgency of this demographic event in unprecedented fashion, a clear picture of the massive impact the pandemic will have on children, families, societies and economies in Sub-Saharan Africa through the first third of the next century. …

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