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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Engaging communities in dialogue on gender norms to tackle sexual violence in and around schools

    The purpose of this technical note is to 1) explain how gender norms shape sexual violence, and why it is critical to incorporate dialogue and action on gender norms in SRGBV interventions, and 2) identify promising approaches to addressing gender norms within programs aimed at ending SRGBV, and sexual violence in particular. …

  2. Individual and community-level tolerance of spouse abuse and the association with the circumstances of first sex among youth from six sub-Saharan African countries

    Youth who engage in early and premarital sex are at risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Most prevention programs ignore the mediating influence of the threat and experience of violence on these outcomes. Using nationally representative data from Lesotho, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, the autors used multivariate analyses to examine the association between individual- and community-level tolerance of spouse abuse on the age and circumstances of sexual debut among female youth. The youth sample sizes ranged from a high of 5007 in Malawi to a low of 3050 in Lesotho. …

  3. Addressing sexual violence and HIV risk among married adolescent girls in rural Nyanza, Kenya

    HIV infection is much higher among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa than among boys. In settings such as Nyanza Province, Kenya, rates of HIV infection are extremely high, and evidence is increasing in some settings that girls who are married are much more likely to be infected with HIV, compared with their unmarried sexually active counterparts. This brief describes a program addressing the problem of sexual violence and the risk of HIV transmission within marriage in Kenya's Nyanza Province. …

  4. Education sexuelle par les pairs éducateurs jeunes. Guide du pair éducateur

    Education sexuelle par les pairs éducateurs jeunes. Guide du pair éducateur est un document développé par le Conseil national de lutte contre le sida de la République du Congo. Il a pour but de fournir au pair éducateur des outils pour développer chez les jeunes des comportements à moindre risque pour les grossesses précoces, les IST dont le VIH/SIDA. Le guide est constitué de 4 grandes parties : les connaissances de base, les techniques d'animation, les activités et les annexes (les adresses utiles y figurent entre autres). …

  5. Education sexuelle par les pairs éducateurs jeunes. Guide du formateur

    Education sexuelle par les pairs éducateurs jeunes. Guide du formateur est un document développé par le Conseil national de lutte contre le sida de la République du Congo. Il a pour objectif de fournir aux formateurs un outil pédagogique pour animer les ateliers de formation d'éducateurs pairs jeunes au Congo Brazzaville et de suivre les activités de ces derniers. …

  6. HIV/AIDS, security and conflict: new realities, new responses

    Demonstrating the impact HIV has on security, the ASCI report outlines how security crises and security institutions can influence HIV incidence. Importantly, the study indicates that with good policy and appropriate programmes, challenges can be overcome. It recommends 10 ways in which efforts towards peacekeeping, peacebuilding and humanitarian response can integrate HIV issues.

  7. The multiple faces of the intersections between HIV and violence against women

    Violence against women (VAW) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent two profound problems for development and health. Development Connections, with the support of the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), is implementing an initiative focused on strengthening capacities to further this goal through: a) the creation of a community of practices on the integration of VAW and HIV policies and programs, and b) the design of a manual including the scientific evidence available, best practices and tools for the integration of policies and programs. …

  8. Monitoring and evaluation of sexual gender violence programmes

    The guide presents a framework for developing programme monitoring and evaluation tools and systems. It focuses on the challenges of data analysis and programme monitoring.

  9. A community-based response on sexual violence against women

    This guide is for field-based refugees workers including UN system, NGOs and governments staff in the health, community services, protection and other related sectors. The booklet presents guidelines in assessing the problem of sexual violence identifying key players in a practical response to the problem, drawing up guidelines on steps to be taken, and roles and responsibilities of actors, setting criteria for selecting team members, organizing training, and evaluating the programme.

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